A pork chop, like other meat chops, is a loin cut taken perpendicular to the spine of the pig and is usually a rib or part of a vertebra. Pork chops are unprocessed and leaner than other cuts.[1] Chops are commonly served as an individual portion, and can be accompanied with applesauce, vegetables, and other sides. Pork is one of the most commonly consumed meats in the world.[1][2] In the United States, pork chops are the most commonly consumed meat cut from the pork loin and account for 10% of total pork consumption.[2][3][4]

Cooked pork chops
Raw pork chops

Variations edit

The center cut or pork loin chop includes a large T-shaped bone and is structurally similar to the beef T-bone steak.[5] Rib chops come from the rib portion of the loin, and are similar to rib eye steaks. Blade or shoulder chops come from the spine and tend to contain much connective tissue. The sirloin chop is taken from the (rear) leg end and also contains much connective tissue. The shoulder end produces chops that are considerably fattier than the chops taken from the loin end.[1]

The "Iowa Chop" is a large thick center cut with its name coined in 1976 by the Iowa Pork Producers Association due to the state producing more pork than any other in the nation.[6] The center-cut loin is often over 1 inch (2.5 cm) thick, and likened to a quality cut of beef due to its size and tenderness.[7]

A "Bacon Chop" is cut from the shoulder end and leaves the pork belly meat attached.[8] Pork chops are sometimes sold marinated, or they can be prepared at home to add flavor; marinades such as a chili sauce or a barbecue sauce are common. As pork is often cooked more thoroughly than beef, thus running the risk of drying out, pork chops can be brined to maintain moistness.[9] One could also wrap pork chops in bacon to add further moistness during the cooking process.

Preparation edit

Pork chops are suitable for roasting, grilling, or frying, but there are also stuffed recipes.[10][11][12][13][14][15] They can be used boneless or bone-in. Pork chops are usually cut between 12 and 2 inches (1 and 5 centimetres) thick. Improved breeding techniques have made it possible to cook pork to a lower temperature, helping it to remain juicy, while still being safe to eat.[16] United States government guidelines recommend a minimum cooking temperature of 145 °F (63 °C).[17]

It is a versatile cut of meat, which can be transformed into many different dishes and recipes.[10][11][12][13][14][15]

See also edit

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ a b c "Pork 101: Know Your Cuts - Modern Farmer". Modern Farmer. March 12, 2014. Archived from the original on September 16, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "The Pork Industry at a Glance" (PDF). Pork Checkoff Service Center. pp. 19–21. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2015.
  3. ^ "Pork Chops - National Pork Board". Pork.org. Archived from the original on June 24, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2021.
  4. ^ Kelly, Williams & Caruso 2004, p. 104.
  5. ^ "Pork Cuts: A Visual Guide". cimeatbook.com. August 19, 2014. Archived from the original on October 7, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  6. ^ Devine, Jenny Barker (2009). ""Hop to the Top with the Iowa Chop": The Iowa Porkettes and Cultivating Agrarian Feminisms in the Midwest, 1964-1992". Agricultural History. 83 (4): 477–502. doi:10.3098/ah.2009.83.4.477. ISSN 0002-1482. JSTOR 40607530. PMID 19860029.
  7. ^ Roupe, Diane (2009). The Blue Ribbon Country Cookbook. Thomas Nelson. p. 156. ISBN 9781418568214.
  8. ^ Food and Wine Magazine August 2008
  9. ^ Myhrvold, Nathan; Young, Chris (May 26, 2011). "Cooking pork safely: the science". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  10. ^ a b Mylan & Turkell 2014, p. 113.
  11. ^ a b Lewis 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Pork Chop Recipes". The Food Network. Retrieved May 29, 2021. Find new inspiration for a dinnertime staple with top-rated recipes from Food Network chefs.
  13. ^ a b Dyer 2020.
  14. ^ a b Schumer 2021.
  15. ^ a b Lampe & Horton 2013.
  16. ^ "New USDA Guidelines Lower Pork Cooking Temperature". Pork Checkoff. May 24, 2011. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  17. ^ "Pork Cooking Temperature - Pork.org". Pork.org. Archived from the original on June 24, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2021.

Bibliography edit

External links edit