The popliteal vein is formed by the junction of the venae comitantes of the anterior and posterior tibial vein at the lower border of the popliteus muscle on the medial side of the popliteal artery. As it ascends through the fossa, it crosses behind the popliteal artery so that it comes to lie on its lateral side. It passes through the adductor hiatus (the opening in the adductor magnus) to become the femoral vein.
Lymph glands of popliteal fossa, with popliteal vein labeled.
|Source||anterior tibial, posterior tibial, small saphenous|
|Drains to||femoral vein|
The tributaries of the popliteal vein are as follows:
- Moore K.L. and Dalley A.F. (2006), Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 5th Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Toronto, page 636