Popeswood

Popeswood is a village in Berkshire, England, near Bracknell. The village is within the civil parish of Binfield approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of Bracknell. The main part of Popeswood lies north of the B3408 west of Temple Park and south of Binfield village, with a smaller section south of the B3408 between Amen Corner and Farley Wood.[1]

Popeswood
Moor Close, Newbold College, Binfield.jpg
Newbold College
Popeswood is located in Berkshire
Popeswood
Popeswood
Location within Berkshire
OS grid referenceSU846695
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRACKNELL
Postcode districtRG42
Dialling code01344
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
51°25′17″N 0°47′02″W / 51.421437°N 0.783802°W / 51.421437; -0.783802Coordinates: 51°25′17″N 0°47′02″W / 51.421437°N 0.783802°W / 51.421437; -0.783802

AmenitiesEdit

Along London Road, the B3408, there are a post office, a garage and a number of small businesses.

ParksEdit

Nearby Pope's Meadow is a countryside park that offers recreational facilities with open grassland, ponds, copse and veteran oak trees.[2]

Newbold CollegeEdit

 
St Mark's Church was built in 1867 and is a Grade II listed building.[3]

Binfield is home to Newbold College, a Seventh-day Adventist college and church. There are two Church of England churches, named All Saints' on Terrace Road North and St Mark's on St Mark's Road. There is also Binfield Free Church on Chapel Lane, behind the old Roebuck pub. In addition to the college, Newbold has its own Seventh-day Adventist primary school. Binfield also has a Church of England Primary School with about 420 pupils, and a day nursery. There used to be a Pre-school at Memorial Hall.

Alexander Pope at PopeswoodEdit

Popeswood is named after the family of the poet Alexander Pope who lived in Pope's Manor, then called Whitehill House, between 1700 and 1715.[4] Pope was born to Alexander Pope Snr. (1646–1717) a linen merchant of Plough Court, Lombard Street, London, and Edith Pope (née Turner) (1643–1733), who were both Catholics.

Shortly after William III and Mary II became joint monarchs in 1689, Catholics were expelled from the City of London. The Popes moved up river to Hammersmith, but in 1700 they relocated Popeswood in Binfield. There, the principal manor house, Binfield Manor, was held by the Catholic Dancastle family. The village was also only seven miles across the heath from Hall Grove, Bagshot, in Surrey. This was the home of Magdalen Rackett, Mr Pope's daughter by his first wife.

It was through Magdalen's husband Charles Rackett that Pope had been able, in 1698, to purchase Whitehill House, a small manor house in fourteen acres of land in Binfield. The house has been known successively as Binfield Lodge, The Firs and Arthurstone. Now much altered, and renamed Pope's Manor, it was for some years the southern headquarters of the construction company Bryant Homes (later Taylor Wimpey), who refurbished the then much neglected property.[citation needed]

But if Queen Anne was capable of acts of clemency towards individual Catholics, she showed no compromise to Catholics in general. In 1706 she made it a treasonable offence to convert anyone to Catholicism. She ordered the enforcement of the laws against Catholics and had a census made of the Number of Papists in every Parish, with their Qualities, Estates and Places of Abode. The Catholic population of the Thames Valley area remained fairly static at about 1 per cent. In Berkshire, for example, there were 293 known or suspected Catholics. In the city of Oxford there were fourteen.

In the spring of 1714 Pope returned to his parents' home in Binfield from one of his frequent periods in London. With him came the poet Thomas Parnell, a charming Irish Anglican clergyman who was greatly liked by the Catholic household. Two months later Parnell revisited Binfield and from there he and Pope travelled to Letcombe Bassett (3 miles SW of Wantage).

In the spring of 1715 Alexander Pope paid his last visit to the family home in Binfield, Windsor Forest. Whitehill House, his parents' home, had been sold and a few weeks later they moved to Twickenham. Where Popes House still stands to this day.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Binfield Popeswood Study Area" (PDF). Bracknell Forest Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Pope's Meadow Leaflet" (PDF). Bracknell Forest Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1390289)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  4. ^ Ford, David Nash (2020). East Berkshire Town and Village Histories. Wokingham: Nash Ford Publishing. pp. 17–20. ISBN 9781905191017.