Pontiac, Quebec

Pontiac is a municipality in the Outaouais region of western Quebec, Canada, on the north shore of the Ottawa River. It is part of Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality, located within Canada's National Capital Region. It should not be confused with Pontiac Regional County Municipality, which borders Pontiac to the west (but does not include it).

Pontiac
Pontiac as seen from the Gatineau Hills
Pontiac as seen from the Gatineau Hills
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
Pontiac is located in Western Quebec
Pontiac
Pontiac
Location in western Quebec
Coordinates: 45°35′N 76°08′W / 45.583°N 76.133°W / 45.583; -76.133Coordinates: 45°35′N 76°08′W / 45.583°N 76.133°W / 45.583; -76.133[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMLes Collines-de-l'Outaouais
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1975
Government
 • MayorJoanne Labadie
 • Federal ridingPontiac
 • Prov. ridingPontiac
Area
 • Total504.60 km2 (194.83 sq mi)
 • Land448.15 km2 (173.03 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total5,850
 • Density13.1/km2 (34/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Increase 3.0%
 • Dwellings
2,664
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area Code819
Highways Route 148
Websitewww.municipalitepontiac.com Edit this at Wikidata

It was created by the 1975 amalgamation of the municipalities of Onslow, Eardley, Quyon and Onslow-Partie-Sud, and named after the Odawa war chief Pontiac.[1]

Pontiac has a low cost of living and is trying to attract new immigrants coming to Canada to improve the local economy. A large portion of Gatineau Park is within this municipality.

CommunitiesEdit

  • Beech Grove
  • Breckenridge
  • Eardley
  • Heyworth
  • Luskville
  • North Onslow
  • Onslow Corners
  • Pontiac-Station
  • Quyon
  • Ruthledge
  • Steel
  • Wyman

[4]

HistoryEdit

The first European settlers in this area were Joseph Mondion and his family, who built a homestead in 1786 on what is known today as Indian Point. In 1800 his property was taken over by the XY Company, followed by the North West Company in 1804, and then the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1821, when these two companies merged. The HBC operated a small trading post, which closed in 1837.[5]

Onslow and Eardley Townships were already plotted on the Gale and Duberger Map of 1795, and it was early in the 19th century that these townships were opened to logging and settlement. One of the first settlements was on Pontiac Bay, founded by Philemon Wright and named at times Wright shanties, Pontiac Village, and Pontiacville. Quyon was founded in 1848 when a sawmill was built by John Egan at the mouth of the Quyon River.[5]

The Township Municipality of Onslow (likely named after George Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow[6]) was formed in 1855, with John Behan as first mayor. In January 1875, Quyon village separated from Onslow to form its own municipality, and the following year, the township split into Onslow South (Onslow-Partie-Sud) and Onslow, renamed to Onslow North (Onslow-Partie-Nord) in 1878.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Canada census – Pontiac, Quebec community profile
2016 2011
Population: 5,850 (3.0% from 2011) 5,681 (8.5% from 2006)
Land area: 448.15 km2 (173.03 sq mi) 448.31 km2 (173.09 sq mi)
Population density: 13.1/km2 (34/sq mi) 12.7/km2 (33/sq mi)
Median age: 41.9 (M: 42.4, F: 41.2) 41.1 (M: 41.5, F: 40.8)
Total private dwellings: 2,664 2,659
Median household income: $77,952 $75,527
References: 2016[7] 2011[8] earlier[9]
YearPop.±%
1986 3,955—    
1991 4,501+13.8%
1996 4,722+4.9%
2001 4,643−1.7%
2006 5,238+12.8%
2011 5,681+8.5%
2016 5,850+3.0%
Source: [3]

According to the 2016 Canadian Census, the population's mother tongue was 55.5% French, 38.6% English, and 3.2% other languages, including Portuguese, German, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch, and Russian. Approximately 64.3% of people are bilingual, speaking both French and English.[3]

Local governmentEdit

List of former mayors:[10]

  • William Burke (1975–1979)
  • Marcel Lavigne (1979–1990)
  • Edward McCann (1990–1994)
  • Marcel Lavigne (1994–1998)
  • Bruce R. Campbell (1998–2005)
  • Edward McCann (2005–2013)
  • Roger Larose (2013–2017)
  • Joanne Labadie (2017–present)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Reference number 72506 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 82030 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b c d "(Code 2482030) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ http://www.municipalitepontiac.com/files/1913/6674/0150/Carte_routire_Pontiac_-_ActualisationF4_reu_le_23_avril_2013.pdf
  5. ^ a b c Maude-Emmanuelle Lambert. "History of the Municipality of Pontiac" (PDF). www.municipalitepontiac.com. Municipalité de Pontiac. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Onslow (canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  7. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  10. ^ Maude-Emmanuelle Lambert. "Maires et conseillers : l'engagement politique" (PDF). www.municipalitepontiac.com. Municipalité de Pontiac. Retrieved 6 December 2019.