Pont-l'Évêque is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It is known for Pont-l'Évêque cheese, a type of soft cheese, the oldest Normandy cheese in production.
Saint Michael's Church in Pont-l'Évêque
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||André Desperrois|
|Area1||8.07 km2 (3.12 sq mi)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14514 /14130|
7–118 m (23–387 ft) |
(avg. 16 m or 52 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
During World War II, the town was severely damaged by a two-day battle in August 1944.
The town serves as the setting for Gustave Flaubert's story Un cœur simple and features heavily in the book 13 - Lucky For Some which is about the history of the 13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion. There are many then and now photographs as well as maps and diagrams of battles that took place in the region.
Geography and toponymyEdit
The Touques River flows through Pont-l'Évêque, which takes its name from a bridge (pont) built over the river. Starting in the 10th century, the local bishop (évêque) took responsibility for building and repairing the bridges and roads in France. Pont-l'Évêque thus means "Bishop Bridge." It was Latinised as Pons-Episcopi.
Pont-l'Évêque was the birthplace of:
- Roger de Pont L'Evêque (c.1115-1181), Archdeacon of Canterbury, and later Archbishop of York
- Dière de Dièreville (c.1670-?) - surgeon, botanist and writer who wrote about his voyage (1699-1700) to Acadia.
- Jacques Guillaume Thouret (1746–1794), revolutionary, lawyer, president of the National Constituent Assembly
- Ferdinand Alphonse Hamelin (1796–1864)- Navy officer, Admiral & Minister of Marine
- James-Raoul, Danièle; Thomasset, Claude (2006). Les ponts au Moyen Âge (in French). Presses Paris Sorbonne. p. 201. ISBN 9782840503736. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- Echard, Laurence (1786). Dictionnaire géographique-portatif, ou description des royaumes, provinces, villes, évêchés, duchés, comtés, marguirats (in French). Les libraires associés. p. 570. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
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