Ponhea Yat (Khmer: ពញាយ៉ាត [ˌpɔɲiəˈjaːt]; 1394–1463),[1] also known as Barom Reachea II (Khmer: បរមរាជាទី២ [ˌɓɑrɔmriəˈciə tiːpiː]; Thai: บรมราชาธิราช, RTGSBorommarachathirat), was the last king of the Khmer Empire and the first king of Cambodia.

Ponhea Yat
Barom Reachea II
King of the Khmer Empire
Reign1417–1431[citation needed]
PredecessorPonhea Prek
SuccessorHimself, as King of Cambodia
King of Cambodia
PredecessorHimself, as King of the Khmer Empire
SuccessorNoreay Reachea
Yasodharapura, Khmer Empire (now in Siem Reap, Cambodia)
Died1463 (aged 68–69)
Krong Chaktomuk, Cambodia
SpouseSri Sraniem
IssueNoreay Reachea
Srey Reachea
Thommo Reachea
FatherSri Soryovong

Ponhea Yat complained to the Yongle Emperor in 1408 and 1414 of raids by the Champa King Jaya Simhavarman V.[2]: 114, 218 He dispatched Kun Si-li Ren-nong-la to visit China.[3]

He was forced to flee Yasodharapura in 1431 as it was indefensible against attack by the Siamese, resettling first in Basan (Srey Santhor), and after it became flooded, to Chaktomuk (now part of Phnom Penh).[4]: 236–237 

In Phnom Penh, the king ordered the land to be built up to protect it from flooding, and a palace to be built. During his reign King Ponhea Yat also ordered the construction of six Buddhist monasteries around the city, and his remains are housed in a stupa behind the Wat Phnom.

King Ponhea Yat was succeeded on his death by his first son Noreay Reachea, who reigned until 1469 and who was succeeded in turn by Ponhea Yat's second son, Srey Reachea.

Stupa of Ponhea Yat at Wat Phnom.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


  1. ^ Chun, Chanboth (29 July 2014). "ប្រវត្តិព្រះបាទព្ញាយ៉ាតរំដោះក្រុងអង្គរពីសៀម". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  2. ^ Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., ISBN 9747534991
  3. ^ "Entry - Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu". epress.nus.edu.sg. Archived from the original on 2007-05-21.
  4. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of the Khmer Empire
1417–1431[citation needed]
Succeeded by
Preceded by
King of Cambodia
Succeeded by