Principalities of Pomorje in the Early Middle Ages

Pomorje (Serbian Cyrillic: Поморје) or Primorje (Serbian Cyrillic: Приморје), also known as Littoral Serbia (Serbian: Приморска Србија / Primrska Srbija; Latin: Serbia Maritima)[1] and Seaside, is a term (literary meaning: maritime, littoral or coastland) used in historical contexts to designate a geographical region of several territories of Upper Dalmatia and its hinterland, belonging to the present-day Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, setteled by Slavs.

HistoryEdit

At the beginning of the 9th century, according to 822 entry of Einhard's Royal Frankish Annals, Serbs were ruling over "the greater part of Dalmatia"[2][3] (ad Sorabos, quae natio magnam Dalmatiae partem obtinere dicitur).[4] The state of maritime regions in the Early Middle Ages was described in the De Administrando Imperio,[5] a work by Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII (l. 905-959) dedicated to his son, Romanus II, as a domestic and foreign policy manual.

Pomorje included most of the coastal regions of modern-day Montenegro, the southern regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, notably most of Herzegovina region, and almost entire southern-southeastern Croatia, notably Dalmatia region.[6]

Use in royal titlesEdit

The term was used in royal and religious titles both by Bosnian and Serbian monarchs and their heirs (Uroš I, styled himself "King in Christ, God faithful, King of Serbia and Maritime Lands", and Patriarchs (Saint Sava III, "Archbishop of All Serbian and Maritime Lands").

  • Desa, styled himself "Prince of Pomorje (Maritime Lands)"
  • Vladislav, styled himself "King of all the Serbian and Maritime Lands"
  • Uroš I, styled himself "King in Christ, God faithful, King of Serbia and Maritime Lands"
  • Uroš IV Dušan, "King of all the Serbian and Maritime Lands"
  • 1329 Stephen II, Ban of Bosnia, styled "high and mighty lord, free ruler and master of Bosnia, Usora and Soli, Donji Kraji and many other places, and Prince of the Hum and the Seaside"
  • 1377 Tvrtko I crowned himself King of "Serbia, Bosnia, Primorje, and the Western lands."

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Јанковић 2007.
  2. ^ Einhard (1845). Einhardi Annales. Hahn. pp. 83–. ad Sorabos, quae natio magnam Dalmatiae partem obtinere dicitur
  3. ^ Scholz 1970, p. 111.
  4. ^ Pertz 1845, p. 83.
  5. ^ Moravcsik 1967.
  6. ^ Nevill Forbes, The Balkans: A History of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Rumania, Turkey, p. 59, Digital Antiquaria, 2004, ISBN 1-58057-314-2, ISBN 978-1-58057-314-6

SourcesEdit

Primary sources
Secondary sources

Further readingEdit