The Pomilio Gamma was an Italian fighter prototype of 1918.

Pomilio Gamma
The first Gamma prototype
Role Fighter
National origin Italy
Manufacturer Pomilio
First flight 1918
Primary user Italy
Number built 2

Design and development edit

Gamma edit

The Pomilio company of Turin designed and manufactured the Gamma, a wooden, single-seat, single-bay biplane with wings of unequal span, the upper wing being of greater span than the lower. It was powered by a 149-kilowatt (200-horsepower) SPA 6A water-cooled engine driving a two-bladed tractor propeller. It had fixed, tailskid landing gear.[1]

The Gamma prototype first flew early in 1918. An Italian official commission observed a demonstration of it, and concluded that although it was fast and had good maneuverability, its rate of climb was insufficient to merit a production order.[2]

Gamma IF edit

Pomilio responded to the Gamma's shortcomings by building a second prototype, the Gamma IF, fitted with a more powerful Isotta Fraschini V.6 engine rated at 186 kilowatts (250 horsepower). An official commission saw a demonstration of the Gamma IF in 1918, but at first could not agree on whether it merited a production order. During the final weeks of World War I, the commission finally decided to order a small number of Gamma IF fighters, although the Gamma IF never entered active service.[3]

Variants edit

First prototype with SPA 6A engine
Gamma IF
Second prototype with Isotta Fraschini engine

Operators edit

  Kingdom of Italy

Specifications (Gamma IF) edit

Data from Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown, New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994, ISBN 0-8317-3939-8

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.99 m (26 ft 2.5 in)
  • Wing area: 21.90 m2 (235.74 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 680 kg (1,499 lb)
  • Gross weight: 950 kg (2,094 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Isotta Fraschini V.6 piston engine , 186 kW (250 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 225 km/h (140 mph, 120 kn)
  • Endurance: 3 hours


  • Time to 3,000 m (9,842 ft): 7 min 30 sec

Notes edit

  1. ^ Green and Swanborough, pp. 478-479.
  2. ^ Green and Swanborough, pp. 478.
  3. ^ Green and Swanborough, pp. 478.

References edit

  • Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.