Polsat is a Polish free-to-air television channel that was launched on 5 December 1992 by Zygmunt Solorz-Żak. As of 2019, it is the most watched television channel in Poland with a market share of 11.30%

Polsat
Polsat 2021 gradient.svg
CountryPoland
Headquarters77 Ostrobramska street
04-175 Warsaw
Programming
Language(s)Polish
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerTelewizja Polsat
History
Launched5 December 1992; 30 years ago (1992-12-05)
Former namesPolSat (with a capital "S") (1992–1994)
Links
Websitewww.polsat.pl
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial televisionChannel 4
UPCChannel 5
Cyfrowy PolsatChannel 1
OrangeChannel 5
VectraChannel 105

Polsat belongs to Grupa Polsat Plus (WSE: CPS), which also owns other channels.

Polsat building in Warsaw.

On 27 February 2019, the longest-running graphic design (2006–2019) was changed to a new one, but the station's logo remained virtually unchanged until 2021 when the logo was changed again as part of a major overhaul; however, the sun concept of the logo has remained.

HistoryEdit

Polsat began test transmissions on 1 December 1992, and started regular broadcasts on 5 December 1992 at 16:30 CET via the Eutelsat II-F3 satellite. The first programme broadcast by Polsat was the Polish animated series Wędrówki Pyzy (pl). To circumvent licensing issues, it originally broadcast from a studio in Hilversum (the Netherlands) and imported programming had to come by plane.[1] Its initial broadcasting reach was very small at only 20% of the population, but was considered to be attractive for advertisers, as most of its viewers were found in larger cities, had a significant overrepresentation of under-50s and had higher incomes.[2] The owner and main founder of the channel, Zygmunt Solorz-Żak, originally planned that after the regulation of radio and television regulations, the television headquarters would be located in Wrocław, but ultimately they were located in Warsaw.

In the summer of 1993 a group of 9 young journalists working in the Polsat TV newsroom established the first independent news program in Central and Eastern Europe broadcasting live every evening, Informacje. In the core team of journalists were Jaroslaw Sellin, Pawel Maciag, Tadeusz Swiechowicz and Adam Pawlowicz.

On 5 October 1993, Polsat finally obtained a legal license from the Polish National Broadcasting Council to broadcast terrestrially in Poland, and began free-to-air terrestrial transmissions on 27 January 1994. Polsat therefore became the first Polish TV channel to break the monopoly previously held by TVP.

Polsat initially broadcast its program in two blocks, afternoon (16:30 to 19:00) and night (23:15 to about 01:00). The channel broadcast for 4 hours and then 8 hours a day (from 16:30 to about 01:00). On October 1, 1994, it increased its daily airtime to 16 hours a day. From September 6, 1999 to the end of 2009, it broadcast 23 hours a day (6:00 - 5:00). From the beginning of 2010, the program is broadcast around the clock, but once a month at 1:00 a.m. the channel shuts down for maintenance.

From September 15, 2020, the Polsat TV signal is broadcast on the Internet by the broadcaster's VOD Polsat Go and Polsat Box Go internet services.

From the very beginning, events, concerts and galas were also broadcast. New Year's Eve music concerts have been broadcast since 2006, and in 2015–2019 and from 2021 - Polsat SuperHit Festival. In 1996–2002, the National Dance Music Festival in Ostróda was broadcast (mainly as part of Disco Polo Live), in 1999 - the Telekamera gala, and occasionally Polsat's anniversary gala.

BrandingEdit

 
Seventh and former logo (2006–2021).

The name Polsat was thought up by Polish satirist Tadeusz Drozda, at a time when the channel broadcast from the Netherlands by satellite. The first logo, made up of an S formed by two arches, and to the left the word POLSAT divided in two separate syllables (with the second below the first) was designed by Jacek Błach, and the music for the ident was composed by Grzegorz Ciechowski. In 1994, after achieving its terrestrial license, the channel rebranded and adopted a sun as its logo. In an interview given to Super Express in 2011, Zygmunt Solorz-Żak was believed to be "superstitious", with the sun being created by a friend - the golden Aztec sun - to assure the success of the channel.[3] The first logo was designed by Jacek Błach and the ident music was composed by Grzegorz Ciechowski.

On 27 February 2006, Polsat changed its logo and graphic design, replacing the blue look. The logo shows of a sun putted inside an orange square with shining stripes, and the red square with the text “POLSAT”. The idents font is FF DIN (also used on RTL).

Polsat and its thematic sister channels started to show elements of rebranding from 2 August 2021. The Polsat channels officially changed their logos and graphic design on 30 August 2021.

Polsat HDEdit

A high-definition simulcast feed of Polsat HD was launched in 1 September 2009.

ProgrammingEdit

Among its shows are a variety of Polish and American dramas and news.

EntertainmentEdit

Information/Talk show/ReportersEdit

  • Wydarzenia (Events) – news (since 2004)
  • Nowy dzień (New Day) - daily morning news program of Polsat News, also broadcast in Polsat from 6:00 to 9:00 every day (since 2008)
  • Graffiti - morning political talk show of Polsat News (in Polsat: 1994-2004, 2008 and since 2018)
  • Interwencja (Intervention) – reporters magazine (since 2003)
  • Państwo w państwie (State within a state) – also in Polsat News (since 2011)

TV seriesEdit

  • Pierwsza miłość (First love) – TV soap; which has been redubbed as Soupy Norman in Ireland (since 2004, 13 seasons, 2517 episodes)
  • Przyjaciółki (Friends [women]) – drama series (since 2012, 10 seasons, 122 episodes)
  • W rytmie serca - drama series (since 2017, 12 episodes)
  • Ślad (Trace) - crime drama series; Polish version of Russian series Sled (since 2018)
  • Świat według Kiepskich (The World According to the Kiepscy) – sitcom (since 1999, 30 seasons, 528 episodes)
  • Malanowski i partnerzy (Malanowski & partners) – docudrama crime series (since 2009, 807 episodes)
  • Trudne sprawy (Difficult issues) – docudrama series (since 2011, 631 episodes)
  • Dlaczego ja? (Why me?) (since 2010, 1197 episodes)
  • Pamiętniki z wakacji (Holiday diaries) (2011–2013, 2016, 61 episodes)
  • Zdrady (Infidelities) – docudrama series (since 2013, 87 episodes)

SportsEdit

Previously on PolsatEdit

EntertainmentEdit

InformationEdit

  • Informacje (1993–2004)

Political talk showsEdit

TV seriesEdit

  • Niania w wielkim mieście (2017)
  • Skazane (2015)
  • Na krawędzi (2013)
  • Na krawędzi 2 (2014)
  • Czułość i kłamstwa (1999–2000)
  • Adam i Ewa (2000–2001)
  • Zostać Miss (2001–2003)
  • Psie serce (2002)
  • Samo życie (2002–2010)
  • Pensjonat pod Różą (2004–2006)
  • Tango z aniołem (2005)
  • Kochaj mnie, kochaj (2006)
  • Będziesz moja (2006)
  • Tylko miłość (2007–2009)
  • Szpilki na Giewoncie (2010–2012)
  • Linia życia (2011)
  • Hotel 52 (2010–2013)
  • To nie koniec świata! (2013–2014)
  • Fala zbrodni (2003–2008)
  • Prawo miasta (2007)
  • Ekipa (2007)
  • 13 Posterunek (1997–1998)
  • Graczykowie (1999–2002)
  • Miodowe lata – licensed from The Honeymooners (1998–2003)
  • Całkiem nowe lata miodowe – licensed from The Honeymooners (2004)
  • Rodzina zastępcza (1999–2009)
  • Szpital na perypetiach (2001–2003)
  • Daleko od noszy (2003–2009)
  • Daleko od noszy 2 (2010–2011)
  • Daleko od noszy – szpital futpolowy (2011)
  • Daleko od noszy - reanimacja (2017)
  • Mamuśki (2007)
  • I kto tu rządzi? – licensed from Who's the Boss? (2007–2008)
  • Synowie (2009)
  • Synowie, czyli po moim trupie! (2009)
  • Ludzie Chudego – licensed from Los hombres de Paco (2010–2011)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Poland exercises the right to channel surf". Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  2. ^ "Polsat wita na stronach WWW!". Polsat. Archived from the original on 2000-05-21. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  3. ^ "Zygmunt Solorz-Żak: a business shark with a sensible heart. How did the wealthiest man in Poland gain fortune?" (in Polish). Retrieved 2021-05-10.
  4. ^ "Biuro Rekordów" (in Polish). Retrieved 2015-10-08.

External linksEdit