Požun, Croatia

Požun is a settlement in Croatia, part of the town of Ozalj in Karlovac County. Požun sits on the left bank of the Kupa, opposite Ozalj Castle.

Požun
Požun is located in Croatia
Požun
Požun
Location of Požun in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°37′01″N 15°28′08″E / 45.617°N 15.469°E / 45.617; 15.469
Country Croatia
CountyKarlovac County
MunicipalityOzalj
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total35
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)

NameEdit

Požun is also the Croatian and Slovene name for Bratislava (formerly Slovak Prešporok; German: Pressburg or Preßburg; Latin: Posonium; Hungarian: Pozsony). The village of Požun may have been named after this city.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

 
House number in Požun (Ozalj)

Little is known of the history of Požun. The museum in Ozalj Castle holds a stone axe found in Požun from the Neolithic Lengyel culture that dates from the 5th century B.C.[2] This testifies to ancient settlement in the area, but it is unknown when the modern village of Požun was founded.

 
Ozalj Castle from Požun (Ozalj)

From 1102 to 1526, Croatia was ruled by the King of Hungary. After Hungary's defeat at the Battle of Mohács in 1526, a large swathe of Hungarian territory was occupied by the Ottoman Empire. The parts of Hungary not occupied by the Ottomans, including Croatia, entered the Austrian Habsburg monarchy. With Budapest in Ottoman hands, Poszony was designated the new capital of Hungary. The city became a coronation town and the seat of kings, archbishops (1543), the nobility and all major organisations and offices. Though they entered the monarchy separately, Croatia and Hungary were eventually united again within the monarchy and there were strong links between Poszony and Croatia in this period.

According to legend, Count Nikola Zrinski settled some Croats here from Poszony.[3] There are two Count Nikola Zrinskis, however, and it is not clear to which this refers. The first lived from 1508 to 1566 and the second from 1620 to 1664. Without more exact information, the best that can be determined is that Požun was established at some point between the mid-16th and mid-17th century.

PopulationEdit

 
Houses in Požun (Ozalj)

According to the 2001 census, the settlement had 50 residents[4] and 19 households.[5]

According to the 2011 census, the settlement had 35 residents and 15 households. There were also 33 housing units, of which 21 were dwellings for permanent habitation.[6]

Among residents of Požun, the following surnames are present: Čoraga, Jagunić, Volovšćak, Brajković, Tuškan, Volovščak, Kupres, Pavlaković, Badurina, Pilat, Radmanović and Fember.[7] Čoraga is a rare surname in Croatia today, but it is the most common name in Požun (50% of the population).[8]

Population over time 1857–2011[9]


GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Požun". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ Stergar, Branka (2010). Ozaljski kraj od pretpovijesti do XX. stoljeća. Ozalj: Zavičajni Muzej Ozalj. p. 19. ISBN 978-953-6512-21-8.
  3. ^ Laszowski, Emilij (1929). Grad Ozalj i njegova okolina (Second Edition (1993) ed.). Zagreb: Braća hrvatskoga Zmaja and Ogranak Matice hrvatske u Ozlju. p. 33.
  4. ^ Census of Croatia 2001., www.dzs.hr
  5. ^ Households, Census of Croatia 2001., www.dzs.hr
  6. ^ "2011 Census of population, households and housing: First Results by Settlement" (PDF). www.dzs.hr.
  7. ^ "Prezime.net". www.prezime.net. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  8. ^ "Prezime.net". www.prezime.net. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  9. ^ Population of the Republic of Croatia over time 1857-2001, www.dzs.hr