Plug-in electric vehicles in Denmark

As of September 2022, there were 97,121 battery electric vehicles and 97,071 plug-in hybrid vehicles registered in Denmark, together equivalent to about 7% of all vehicles in the country.[1] As of August 2022, 19.1% of all new cars sold in Denmark were fully electric, and 18.0% were plug-in hybrid.[2]

In 2022, Denmark was ranked by Forbes as the third most EV-friendly country in the world.[3]

HistoryEdit

In the late 1980s to early 1990s, a few thousand of the small, one-person and locally produced Ellert were sold in Denmark, but relatively few remain today.[4] In the following decade, very few electric cars were sold in Denmark, but a clear increase began around 2010.[5]

Up to and including 2015, electric cars had been exempt from vehicle registration tax, but it was decided that this would be gradually outphased: In 2016, the vehicle registration tax for electric cars was placed at 20% of the normal rate, in 2017 it was planned to increase to 40% and within five years it would become the full rate. This had a large effect on the sale, which drastically fell in 2016–17.[6] As a consequence, it was decided that the increase in vehicle registration tax for electric vehicles would be delayed, being capped at 20% of the normal rate in 2017–19, then gradually increasing until 2023 where it would become the full rate. A new fund for fuel cell vehicles was also started.[7]

In 2020, a new taxation deal was reached, valid for all cars from 2021 to 2030. Its rates depend heavily on the CO2-emission of the car. This means that vehicle registration tax for all-electric cars (BEVs) that cost less than 510,000 DKK (€68,500) will remain very low with a slower than initially planned gradual increase to normal levels, most plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) will increase from 2021 but remain lower than gasoline and diesel cars, and diesel cars will increase. The goal of this plan is to have at least 775,000 electric cars (BEV or PHEV) by 2030. Combined with other plans, it is the goal to have at least 1 million zero-emission or low-emission cars by 2030 and that no new gasoline or diesel cars will be sold in the country from that year.[8][9]

StatisticsEdit

Total of new battery electric vehicles registered per year
Year 2015[6] 2016[6] 2017[10][11] 2018[10] 2019[10] 2020[12] 2021[13]
Total new BEV registrations 4329 1316 698 1545 5524 14219 24917
BEV % of total new registrations 2.1% 0.6% 0.3% 0.7% 2.4% 7.1% 13.4%
Total new PHEV registrations 620 3127 3885 18235 40464
PHEV % of total new registrations 0.3% 1.4% 1.7% 9.2% 21.8%

As of June 2022, 60% of all electric vehicles sold in Denmark were used.[14]

In 2015, Denmark was the second largest European market for light-duty, plug-in commercial vehicles or utility vans, with over 2,600 plug-in vans sold that year, representing 8.5% of all vans sold. Most vans were plug-in hybrids, accounting for almost all EU plug-in van sales.[15]

As of June 2022, the Škoda Enyaq was the best-selling electric car in Denmark.[16]

Government policyEdit

As of 2022, Denmark charges a registration tax of 40% for fully electric vehicles, and 50% for plug-in hybrid vehicles.[17]

Charging stationsEdit

As of December 2021, there were 4,850 public charging stations in Denmark.[18]

Public transportationEdit

In 2020, the municipalities of Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg, Vejle and Frederiksberg announced plans to end purchases of non-electric buses by the end of the year.[19]

By regionEdit

HovedstadenEdit

As of December 2021, 53% of new cars sold in the Capital Region of Denmark were electric or plug-in hybrid.[20]

As of February 2022, there were 1,240 public charging stations in Copenhagen.[21]

MidtjyllandEdit

As of August 2021, 1.5% of vehicles in Aarhus were electric.[22]

SjællandEdit

As of December 2021, 60% of new cars sold in Region Zealand were electric or plug-in hybrid.[20]

SyddanmarkEdit

As of April 2022, there were about 14,000 electric vehicles registered in the Region of Southern Denmark.[23]

As of December 2021, 61% of new cars sold on Funen were electric or plug-in hybrid.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Der er nu flere elbiler end plugin-hybrider på de danske veje". TV2 ØST (in Danish). 19 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Elbiler fordoblet på et år, men der mangler ladestandere" (in Danish). De Danske Bilimportører. 1 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  3. ^ Hooson, Mark (23 August 2022). "Driving Sustainability: World's Most Electric Vehicle-Friendly Countries". Forbes. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  4. ^ Hallenslev, Simon (21 May 2020). "Ellerten er et stykke dansk historie, som du kan købe for små penge". dba.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Dansk Elbil Alliance – Bestand af elbiler i Danmark". danskelbilalliance.dk (in Danish). Archived from the original on 6 October 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Valeur, Simon (20 February 2017). "Motoren er gået i stå for dansk salg af elbiler" (in Danish). Berlingske. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  7. ^ Fred Lambert (19 April 2017). "Denmark to relaunch its electric vehicle market with incentives after a year with almost no sales". Electritec.
  8. ^ "Aftale mellem regeringen, Radikale Venstre, Socialistisk Folkeparti og Enhedslisten om: Grøn omstilling af vejtransporten (4. december 2020)" (PDF) (in Danish). Ministry of Finance (Denmark). Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  9. ^ Arent, Torben (4 December 2020). "Elbiler fredes i stor, grøn reform" (in Danish). FDM. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  10. ^ a b c "Personbilsalget 2019" (in Danish). De Danske Bilimportører. 1 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 January 2022. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  11. ^ Godske, Bjørn (9 January 2018). "Antallet af elbiler i Danmark stod næsten stille i 2017" (in Danish). Ingeniøren. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Salget af nye personbiler faldt med 12 pct. i 2020" (in Danish). Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Bilåret 2021 var helt elektrisk" (in Danish). Ritzau. 2 January 2022. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  14. ^ Berggreen, Jesper (26 August 2022). "The Used EV Market In Denmark Is Booming". CleanTechnica. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  15. ^ Fergusson, Malcolm (October 2016). "Electric Vehicles in Europe – 2016: Approaching adolescence" (PDF). Transport & Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2016. See pp. 15–16.
  16. ^ Peter Engels Ryming (5 September 2022). "Danmark får elbils-smæk af resten af Norden". iNPUT (in Danish). Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  17. ^ "Denmark agrees on 'green conversion of road transport'". Autovista24. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  18. ^ "Denmark's electric vehicle charge points". The International. 8 July 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  19. ^ "Biggest Danish cities to only buy electric buses from 2021". electrive.com. 27 June 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  20. ^ a b Nyholm, Schannie (4 January 2022). "Salg af elbiler eksploderer - men elpriser på himmelflugt bekymrer bilejere". TV 2 Lorry (in Danish). Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  21. ^ Bresemann, Camilla (10 February 2022). "Borgmester vil hurtigst muligt have nye regler for ladepladser i København". TV 2 Lorry (in Danish). Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  22. ^ Henriette Rigmor Olsson (29 August 2021). "Snart kan elbiler parkere gratis på alle offentlige p-pladser i Aarhus". TV2 Østjylland (in Danish). Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  23. ^ Jeppe Vestergaard Jensen (1 May 2022). "Der er sat strøm til Syd- og Sønderjyderne". TV SYD (in Danish). Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  24. ^ Siegumfeldt, Caroline (2 January 2022). "Fynboer køber elbiler i stor stil: 61 procent af solgte biler i december var på strøm". TV 2 Fyn (in Danish). Retrieved 21 September 2022.