Pickled pepper

A pickled pepper is a Capsicum pepper preserved by pickling, which usually involves submersion in a brine of vinegar and salted water with herbs and spices, including peppercorns, coriander, dill, and bay leaf.[1][2]

A jar of pickled peppers

Common pickled peppers are the banana pepper, the Cubanelle, the bell pepper, sweet and hot cherry peppers, the Hungarian wax pepper, the Greek pepper, the serrano pepper, and the jalapeño.[3] They are often found in supermarkets alongside pickled cucumbers.

Pickled sliced jalapeños are also used frequently for topping nachos and other Mexican dishes.[4][5] These peppers are a common ingredient used by sandwich shops such as Quiznos, Subway, and Wawa. Pickled peppers are found throughout the world, such as the Italian pepperoncini sott'aceto and Indonesia's pickled bird's eye chili, besides the already-mentioned American and Latin American usages.[6]

The flavored brine of hot yellow peppers is commonly used as a condiment in Southern cooking in the United States.[7][8][9]


To achieve the best results and minimize the risk of botulism, only fresh blemish-free peppers should be used and vinegar with acidity of at least 5%; reducing the acidic taste can be achieved by adding sugar.[3] While larger peppers are sliced up to be pickled, smaller peppers are often placed into the pickling solution whole; however, they still require slits so that the vinegar can penetrate the pepper.[3][10] To avoid botulism it is recommended that pickled pepper products be processed in boiling water if they are to be stored at room temperature; improperly processed peppers led to the largest outbreak of botulism in U.S. history.[3]

As with pickled cucumbers, there are multiple ways of pickling peppers. The most common is as above, pickling in an acidic brine and canned; next is quick-pickled or refrigerator pickling, which skips the canning step and requires the peppers to be stored in the refrigerator as mentioned above. For lacto-fermented pickled peppers, vinegar is omitted from the salty brine; instead, Lactobacilli convert the sugars of the peppers into lactic acid. Such fermented pickled peppers are often used to make hot sauce. At less than 3% acid, fermented pickled peppers are highly perishable if not canned.[11][12] Sweet pickling with sugar and acid yields "candied" peppers, as for the jalapeños known as "cowboy candy".[13][14] Pickled peppers are often made into relishes.[15]

In Mexico most peppers sold are pickled.[11]

Pepper mashEdit

The industrially important hot pepper mash, used in creation of condiments such as salsas, processed meats, hot sauces, dips, marinades, and table sauces, is made of pickled peppers and may be stored for up to three years for aging purposes to produce sharper flavors before further processing. Its Harmonized System Code is 0904.2073.[16] In the Caribbean the majority of hot peppers produced are processed into a pickled mash prior to further processing.[16]

Tabasco sauce is created by creating a pepper mash with the salt and the peppers, which then undergoes lacto-fermentation for up to 3 years before additional vinegar is added and after mixing; the pulp and skins are strained out.[17] GraceKennedy produced 660,000 kilograms (1,460,000 lb) of hot pickled pepper mash in Jamaica in 2014 up from 325,000 kilograms (717,000 lb) in 2013 from local Jamaica farmers, in 2012 most production in Jamaica by GraceKennedy of hot pickled pepper mash for use in hot sauces was imported from Costa Rica.[18] This was part of a joint effort by the Jamaican ministry of agriculture and GraceKennedy to increase mash production in Jamaica with a new facility, and decrease dependence on imported peppers through a series of 16 pepper nurseries.[19] Texas Pete's hot pepper mash is pickled for two years from Cayenne peppers, while Frank's RedHot is aged for 7–12 months.[20]

For Huy Fong Sriracha sauce garlic and sugar are added prior to the fermentation process of the mash.[citation needed]

The Aztec Peoples of Mesoamerica were making pickled pepper hot sauces prior to the Spanish conquest.[21]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Making Pickled Peppers at Home". Ext.colostate.edu. 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  2. ^ "How to Make Your Own Home Pickled Peppers (complete directions with photos)". Pickyourown.org. 2012-04-23. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  3. ^ a b c d Hill, M.; Kendall, P. "Making Pickled Peppers at Home". Colorado State Extension. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Taco Bell® | Volcano Nachos". Tacobell.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  5. ^ "Jalapeño Pepper Division - COMEXA FOODS". Comexa.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  6. ^ THOMPSON, SYLVIA. "A Peck of Pickled Delights : Hot and Sweet Peppers Take the Plunge". LA Times. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Southern Kitchen". Southernkitchen.blogspot.com. 2005-04-23. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  8. ^ "Texas Pete Products - Pepper Sauce". Twgarner.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  9. ^ "Pepper Sauce | Lauri Jo's Southern Style Canning". Local Market South. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  10. ^ "Pickled Hot Peppers". National Center for Home Food Preservation. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  11. ^ a b Hui, ed. by Y.H. (2006). Handbook of food science, technology, and engineering. Boca Raton, Fla. [u.a.]: CRC Press. pp. 182:4–13. ISBN 978-0-8493-9849-0.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  12. ^ McGreger, April. "Home pickles made easy–and delicious". Grist. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  13. ^ Lanphier, Loretta. "Pickled Jalapeno Peppers & Cowboy Candy Recipes". Exhibit Health. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  14. ^ "Candied Jalapenos". Foodie with Family. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  15. ^ "Let's Preserve Peppers". University of Maine Extension. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Hot Pepper Project Phase I Market Research on the Viability and Export Potential of the Regional Hot Pepper Industry" (PDF). Caribbean Export Development Agency. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  17. ^ "How We Make Original Red Sauce". Tabasco. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  18. ^ BENNETT, KARENA. "Manufacturers should work more closely with Jamaican farmers". Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Govt pushes rice and pepper mash production". Jamaica-Star. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  20. ^ "FRANK'S® REDHOT® Cayenne Pepper Sauce". rb. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  21. ^ Olver, Lynne. "FAQs: Aztec, Maya, & Inca foods and recipes". The Food Timeline. Retrieved 18 August 2015.

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