Phra Tabong province

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Phra Tabong Province (Thai: พระตะบอง) was a province of Thailand, from the late-18th century until it was ceded to French Indochina in 1907, and again between 1941-1946 after Thailand recaptured it during the Japanese occupation of Cambodia in World War II. The province was dissolved and returned to Cambodia in 1946. The area is now in Battambang Province, Cambodia.

Phra Tabong
จังหวัดพระตะบอง
Province of Thailand
1941–1946
Flag of Phra Tabong Province
Flag
Coat of arms of Phra Tabong Province
Coat of arms
Provinces of Cambodia loss to Thailand during Franco-Thai War.png
Phra Tabong is shaded red
CapitalBattambang (de facto)
History
History 
1941
• Thailand returns annexed territories to French Indochina[1]
17 November 1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
French protectorate of Cambodia
French protectorate of Cambodia
Today part ofCambodia

NameEdit

Phra Tabong (Thai: พระตะบอง) is the Thai version of the name Preah Bat Dambang Kranhung, the namesake of Battambang, who according to Khmer legend threw his staff from Angkor, landing in the area of modern Battambang.

HistoryEdit

 
Map of Siam in 1900
 
Map of Phra Tabong as part of Siam in 1900[2]

Though Siam had invaded this area of Cambodia at the beginning of the 15th century, Siamese administration of the area was only formally organized in the late-18th century, at the beginning of the Bangkok Period known as Inner Cambodia or Khamen Nai. Baen Abhaiwongse, of the Abhaiwongse family, was installed as governor, with the title Chao Phraya Abhayabhubet. His family governed Phra Tabong as the provincial capital for another five generations, until 1907. In that year Phra Tabong, along with Siemmarat and Sisophon, was ceded to French Indochina in exchange for Trat Province and Dan Sai, in accordance with the Franco-Siam Treaty signed 23 March 1907.

In 1941, with the help of its ally, Japan, which occupied Thailand at the time, Thailand recaptured the areas it had ceded to France in 1907. The area in Cambodia had since been subdivided, and was rejoined to Thailand on 23 July 1941 as three provinces: Phra Tabong Province (with new boundaries, corresponding to Cambodian Battambang Province), Nakhon Champassak Province, and Phibunsongkhram Province (corresponding to Cambodian Siem Reap Province).

Thailand was forced to cede the territory again in 1946, after the end of World War II, as a condition for Thailand's admission into the United Nations.

Administrative divisionsEdit

When it was rejoined to Thailand on 23 July 1941, Phra Tabong was divided into seven districts (amphoe):

Name Thai Corresponding to Cambodian
1 Mueang Phra Tabong เมืองพระตะบอง Battambang District
2 Phromyothi พรหมโยธี Sangkae District
3 Athuekthewadet อธึกเทวเดช Moung Ruessei District
4 Mongkhon Buri มงคลบุรี Mongkol Borei District
5 Si Sophon ศรีโสภณ Serei Saophoan District
6 Sinthusongkhramchai สินธุสงครามชัย Phnom Srok District and Preah Netr Preah District
7 Phailin ไพลิน Pailin District, now a municipality

Three of the former Cambodian districts were renamed to honor the military officers who led the three major divisions of the Thai armed forces in the French-Thai War:

  • Phromyothi (Thai: พรหมโยธี) was renamed for Colonel Luang Phromyothi (common name Mangkon Phromyothi, later General), who commanded army troops.
  • Athuekthewadet (Thai: อธึกเทวเดช) was renamed for Air Marshal Luang Athuekthewadet (common name Bunchiam Komonmit), who commanded airmen.
  • Renamed in 1943 to Ronnaphakat (Thai: รณนภากาศ), after Luang Athuekthewadet quit his position.
  • Sinthusongkhramchai (Thai: สินธุสงครามชัย) was renamed for Rear Admiral Luang Sinthusongkhramchai (common name Sin Kamonnawin, later Admiral), who commanded the fleet.

On 23 December 1941, Si Sophon and Sinthu Songkhram Chai were reassigned to Phibunsongkhram Province.[3]

On 3 November 1942, Mueang Phra Tabong was established as a town (thesaban mueang).[4]

On 17 September 1943, due to its small size, Phromyothi District was downgraded to a minor district (king amphoe) and renamed Pak Phraek (Thai: ปากแพรก). At the same time, four sub-districts from Mongkhon Buri District were combined into a new Phromyothi District.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Laos - INDEPENDENCE".
  2. ^ Timtsunami8 (2020-08-31), of Siam in 1900.png English: An updated version of the map, retrieved 2021-06-21 {{citation}}: Check |url= value (help)
  3. ^ The Royal Gazette, Vol. 58, Page 1920-22, พระราชบัญญัติเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตต์จังหวัดนครจัมปาศักดิ์ จังหวัดพิบูลสงคราม และจังหวัดพระตะบอง พุทศักราช ๒๔๘๔. December 30, 1941. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  4. ^ The Royal Gazette, Vol. 59, Page 2254-58, พระราชกริสดีกา จัดตั้งเทสบาลเมืองพระตะบอง จังหวัดพระตะบอง พุทธสักราช 2485. November 24, 1942. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.
  5. ^ The Royal Gazette, Vol. 60 No. 51, Page 3054-55, เรื่องลดถานะและจัดตั้งอำเพอ ไนจังหวัดพระตะบอง. September 28, 1943. Retrieved on November 24, 2008.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 13°00′N 103°00′E / 13.000°N 103.000°E / 13.000; 103.000