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Battambang (Khmer: បាត់ដំបង, IPA: [ˌɓat ɗɑm ˈɓɑːŋ], 'lost stick') is a province (khaet) of Cambodia in the far northwest of the country. Bordering provinces are Banteay Meanchey to the north, Pursat to the east and south, Siem Reap to the northeast, and Pailin to the west. The northern and southern extremes of the province's western boundaries form part of the international border with Thailand. In addition, Tonle Sap forms part of the northeastern boundary between Siem Reap and Pursat. Its capital and largest city is Battambang.

Battambang Province

បាត់ដំបង

Phra Tabong
Battambang
Official seal of Battambang Province
Seal
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Battambang Province
Country Cambodia
Provincial status6 December 1907
CapitalBattambang Municipality
Government
 • GovernorNguon Ratanak (CPP)
Area
 • Total11,702 km2 (4,518 sq mi)
Area rank5th
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • TotalDecrease 987,400
 • Rank5th
 • Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Density rank16th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeKH-2
Websitebattambang.gov.kh

It is the fifth most populous province in Cambodia.[1] In land area, Battambang is the fifth largest province of Cambodia. Battambang is one of the provinces included in the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.[2] The province's fertile rice fields have led to a mostly agricultural economy giving rise to the moniker "the rice bowl of Cambodia". The province features a range of cultures as well as natural resources. Seventy five percent of the area is jungles and mountains. The area has a tropical climate.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Battambang literally means 'loss of staff' in Khmer, referring to the local legend of Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung. Stone inscriptions discovered from pre-Angkorian and Angkorian eras have as yet not mentioned any contemporary villages or districts called "Battambang", but according to the document Mohachun Khmer, Srok Battambang (Battambang District) was used during the Angkor and post-Angkor eras.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Battambang is divided into 13 districts and one municipality which are further subdivided into 92 communes (Khmer: ឃុំ, khum), 10 sangkats (Khmer: សង្កាត់) and 810 villages (Khmer: ភូមិ, phum).

ISO Code District Khmer
02-01 Banan ស្រុកបាណន់
02-02 Thma Koul ស្រុកថ្មគោល
02-03 Battambang Municipality ក្រុងបាត់ដំបង
02-04 Bavel ស្រុកបវេល
02-05 Aek Phnum ស្រុកឯកភ្នំ
02-06 Moung Ruessei ស្រុកមោងឫស្សី
02-07 Rotanak Mondol ស្រុករតនមណ្ឌល
02-08 Sangkae ស្រុកសង្កែ
02-09 Samlout ស្រុកសំឡូត
02-10 Sampov Loun ស្រុកសំពៅលូន
02-11 Phnum Proek ស្រុកភ្នំព្រឹក
02-12 Kamrieng ស្រុកកំរៀង
02-13 Koas Krala ស្រុកគាស់ក្រឡ
02-14 Rukhak Kiri ស្រុករុក្ខគិរី

Local government entities within the province include the two towns and 12 subdistrict municipalities

Historical sitesEdit

Wat Ek PhnomEdit

Wat Ek Phnom (Khmer: វត្តឯកភ្នំ) is a partly collapsed 11th century temple 11 km north of Battambang. The temple measures 52 m by 49 m and is surrounded by the remains of a laterite wall and an ancient baray (reservoir). A lintel depicting the Churning of the Ocean of Milk is above the east entrance to the central temple, the upper flanks of which hold some finely carved bas-reliefs. Construction of an oversized Buddha statue began by locals next to the temple has been stopped by the government because, they say, it mars the site’s historical provenance and "timeless beauty".[3]

Wat BananEdit

Wat Banan (Khmer: ភ្នំបាណន់), some 25 km south of Battambang City, has been likened to a smaller version of the more imposing Angkor Wat. Built in the 10th century.

TransportationEdit

Battambang is accessible by road, and by boat via the Sangkea River. Both the airport and railway line are not in use. Buses make 5-6 hour journey from Phnom Penh and the 3-4 hour journey from Siem Reap almost hourly.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019". National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  2. ^ "tsbr-ed.org". www.tsbr-ed.org. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  3. ^ Wat Ek Phnom at Lonely Planet Archived March 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit