Coordinates: 8°58′52″S 38°13′13″W / 8.981223°S 38.2202339°W / -8.981223; -38.2202339

Petrolândia (Petroland, named in honour of Dom Pedro II) is a municipality in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. It is in the São Francisco Region. Petrolândia has a total area of 1056.6 square kilometers and had an estimated population of 36,901 inhabitants in 2020 according to the IBGE.[1] It has one of the largest GDP per capita of Sertão due to the location of one hydroelectric power plant, property of CHESF.

View of Petrolândia
Flag of Petrolândia


The Kambiwá language, now extinct, was spoken in the village of Barreira in Petrolândia.[2]



The main economic activities in Petrolândia are based in commerce, energy and transportation industry, plus primary sector especially fruits such as coconuts, bananas, goiaba; and creations of goats, sheep, bulls and chickens. The energy sector due to the presence of Chesf is the most important activity.


From 1881 to 1964 Petrolândia was the terminus of a single track railway, known as the Estrada de Ferro Paulo Afonso. This railway was constructed to bypass rapids and waterfalls on the São Francisco River by linking the upper limit of navigation of the Lower São Francisco at Piranhas, with the lower limit of navigation of the Upper São Francisco at Petrolândia.


Economic IndicatorsEdit

Population GDP x(1000 R$).[3] GDP pc (R$) PE
32.568 510.512 16.685 0.84%

Economy by Sector 2006

Primary sector Secondary sector Service sector
3.50% 73.73% 22.77%

Health IndicatorsEdit


HDI (2000) Hospitals (2007) Hospitals beds (2007) Children's Mortality every 1000 (2005)
0.688 1 58 16.3


  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ Meader, Robert E. (1978). Indios do Nordeste: Levantamento sobre os remanescentes tribais do nordeste brasileiro (in Portuguese). Brasilia: SIL International.
  3. ^ Petrolandia 2007 GDP IBGE page 32 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ PE State site - City by city profile