Perth railway station

Perth railway station is the largest station on the Transperth network, serving the central business district of Perth, Western Australia. It serves as an interchange between the Armadale, Fremantle, Joondalup, Mandurah and Midland lines as well as Transwa's Australind service.

Perth
Perth 220716 gnangarra-9.JPG
View of the station from platform 5
LocationWellington Street, Roe Street
Perth, Western Australia
Australia
Coordinates31°57′05″S 115°51′38″E / 31.951493°S 115.860448°E / -31.951493; 115.860448Coordinates: 31°57′05″S 115°51′38″E / 31.951493°S 115.860448°E / -31.951493; 115.860448
Owned byTransperth
Operated byTransperth
Line(s)
Platforms9 (3 side above ground, 2 islands above ground, 1 island below ground)
Tracks9
Bus routes15
ConnectionsBus transfer at Perth Busport, Wellington Street, and William Street
Construction
Structure typeGround & underground
Platform levels2
ParkingNo
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessYes
Architectural styleNeoclassical
Other information
StatusStaffed
Station codeMPH
Fare zone1 / Free Transit Zone
History
Opened1 March 1881
ElectrifiedYes
Passengers
201738,159 daily[1]
Services
Preceding station Transperth Transperth Following station
Terminus Armadale line McIver
Free Transit Zone
towards Armadale
Thornlie line McIver
Free Transit Zone
towards Thornlie
through to Fremantle line Midland line McIver
Free Transit Zone
towards Midland
through to Midland line Fremantle line
All, D
City West
Free Transit Zone
through to Joondalup line Mandurah line
All, K, W
Elizabeth Quay
Free Transit Zone
Elizabeth Quay
Free Transit Zone
Terminus
Joondalup line
All, K, W
Leederville
Under development
through to Fremantle line Airport line McIver
Free Transit Zone
towards High Wycombe
Future development
Terminus Morley–Ellenbrook line McIver
Free Transit Zone
towards Ellenbrook
Preceding station Transwa Trains Transwa Following station
Terminus Australind Armadale
towards Bunbury
Official namePerth Railway Precinct
TypeState Registered Place
Designated28 August 2001
Reference no.2133
Location

HistoryEdit

EstablishmentEdit

 
The station in 1921

The foundation stone for the Richard Roach Jewell designed Perth station was laid on 10 May 1880, with the station opening on 1 March 1881 as part of the Eastern Railway from Fremantle to Guildford.[2][3][4] It had one through platform with a terminating dock platform at the east end.

A new larger Victorian Free Classical Style building designed by George Temple-Poole was opened on the site in 1894. The building has been expanded numerous times since being built, including the addition of two wings at the east and west ends of the building. A planned third storey and clocktower were never built.[5][6]

The station was the centre of the Western Australian Government Railways system with most regional trains originating from the station and was the headquarters of the Western Australian Government Railways until 1976.[7] A collection of freight and administrative offices and tearooms were part of the railway station complex.

The railway building has at times housed various commercial operations as well as police offices. The WA Craft Council was a tenant in the 1980s.[8]

For a considerable length of time, the forecourt area was used for car parking. This is now very limited except for official vehicles. The building had the Barrack Street and William Street bridges as limiting factors to its development; patrons were able to gain direct access to the station by escalators and walkways, though with the introduction of SmartRider gates the William Street entrance was fenced off and its walkway and exit eventually removed.

ChangesEdit

 
Wellington Street entrance in March 2005

As early as the 1950s, there were moves and suggestions for the redevelopment of the station area.[9]

Following the cessation of most regional services, the completion of standard gauge tracks to East Perth station, and the relocation of most administrative offices to the Westrail Centre alongside, by the late 1970s Perth station remained as a terminus for The Australind service to Bunbury, as well as Transperth suburban services.

In connection with the electrification of the Armadale line, a ninth platform was added in 1992.[10]

As part of the New MetroRail project, the station was refurbished with new underground platforms built at a 90-degree angle to the existing platforms beneath Gordon Stephenson House to the east of William Street, between Wellington and Murray Streets.[11] The new platforms opened on 15 October 2007.[12][13] The underground platforms, numbered 1 and 2, are known as Perth Underground, but are considered part of the overall Perth station. The existing platforms were refurbished with the above ground platforms reduced from nine to seven.[11]

The underground platforms are linked to the original Perth station via a walkway under Wellington Street, and also via an entrance from the west end of the Murray Street pedestrian mall.[14][15]

In September 2013, a new Platform 9 on the Roe Street side of the station opened.[16] This new platform was temporarily used for special event services until mid-December 2013, before becoming part of the Midland line.[17]

Plaques formerly in entrance area to stationEdit

The railway station entrance area had plaques to commemorate the following events:

  • 1 March 1981 – centenary of Fremantle to Guildford railway
  • 14 November 1989 – Perth to Joondalup railway first spike driven
  • 28 September 1991 – introduction of electric trains
  • 11 April 1992 – commissioning of electric train services
  • 25 March 1994 – centenary of railway station

Platforms & servicesEdit

Perth station
Track layout and
surrounding railyard
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
9
 
 
7
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
View of old Platform 2, now Platform 5

Platforms currently in use are as follows:

[2776] Perth Underground station platforms
Stop Platform Line Stopping pattern Destination Notes
99601 1 Joondalup All stations Butler
K Clarkson Pattern K only operates on weekdays.[18]
W Whitfords Pattern W only operates on weekdays.[18]
99602 2 Mandurah All stations Mandurah
K Rockingham Pattern K only operates on weekdays.[18]
W Cockburn Central Pattern W only operates on weekdays.[18]
[2776] Main platforms
Stop Platform Line Stopping pattern Destination Notes
95499 3 Australind All stations Bunbury Transwa service[19]
99004 4 Thornlie T Thornlie [20]
99005 5 Armadale All stations, B, C Armadale [20]
99006 6 Armadale C# Armadale Peak hours on weekdays only.[20]
99007 7 Fremantle All stations, S Fremantle [21]
D Shenton Park Pattern D only operates on weekdays.[21]
S+ Showgrounds Pattern deviations to stop at Showgrounds.
99008 8 Midland All stations Midland Services coming from Fremantle tunnel arrive at this platform, proceeding to Midland[22][23]
Joondalup Line pattern P terminates at this platform[18]
99009 9 Midland Midland Special service platform

Transport linksEdit

 
Perth Underground Murray Street entrance

Several Transperth bus routes stop adjacent to Perth station. Buses also operate from the nearby Perth Busport, and rail replacement services also depart from the nearby Perth Busport.

Stop Route Destination / description Notes
[12129] Beaufort Street 1 Blue CAT to Elizabeth Quay Bus StationNorthbridge → Elizabeth Quay Busport[24]Circular service[24]
[26788] Wellington Street
Eastbound, west of Barrack Street
220 to Armadale Station via Albany Highway[25]
960 to Curtin University bus station via Wellington Street, Albany Highway & Kent Street[26]High frequency[26]
[12901] Wellington Street
Eastbound Red/Yellow CAT[27][28][29]
2 Red CAT to East PerthWest Perth → East Perth[24]Circular service[24]
3 Yellow CAT to East Perth via Wellington Street[24]
[12902] Wellington Street
Eastbound, east of Horseshoe Bridge[27][28][29]
41 to Bayswater via Lord Street, Eight Avenue, Maylands, Caledonian Street, Stone Street & Frington Street[30]
42 to Maylands via Lord Street & Peninsula Road[31]
48 to Morley Bus Station via Lord Street, Guildford Road & Bayswater Station[32]
55 to Bassendean via Lord Street, Guildford Road, Ashfield, Hardy Road & West Road[33]
60 to Morley Bus Station via William Street, North Street, Dundas Road & Walter Road West[34]
66 to Morley Bus Station via Beaufort Street & Russell Street[35]Limited stops[35]
950 Morley Bus Station via Beaufort Street[36]High frequency[36]
[12924] Wellington Street
Westbound Red/Yellow CAT[27][28][29]
2 Red CAT to East Perth → West Perth → East Perth[24]Circular service[24]
3 Yellow CAT to West Perth via Wellington Street[24]
[26201] Wellington Street
Westbound
220 to Perth Busport[37][25]
41, 42,
48, 55, 60,
66, 67, 68
to Elizabeth Quay Bus Station[30][31][32][33][34][35][38][39]
950 to QEII Medical Centre via Mounts Bay Road, University of Western Australia & Hampden Road[36]High frequency[36]
960 to Mirrabooka bus station via Perth Busport, Fitzgerald Street, Alexander Drive & Yirrigan Drive[26]High frequency[26]
[10221] William Street
on Horseshoe Bridge
1 Blue CAT to Elizabeth Quay Busport → Northbridge → Elizabeth Quay Busport[24]Circular service[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Welcome to Seaforth — the loneliest train station on the Perth rail network". ABC. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  2. ^ Newland, Andrew; Quinlan, Howard (2000). Australian Railway Routes 1854 - 2000. Redfern: Australian Railway Historical Society. p. 64. ISBN 0-909650-49-7.
  3. ^ Higham, Geoffrey (2007). Marble Bar to Mandurah: A history of passenger rail services in Western Australia. Bassendean: Rail Heritage WA. pp. 10, 77. ISBN 978 0 9803922 0 3.
  4. ^ History of Perth Only Perth
  5. ^ Nock, Ossie (1971). Railways of Australia. London: Charles & Black. p. 226. ISBN 0 7136 1190 1.
  6. ^ Perth Railway Precinct Stage Heritage Office
  7. ^ Affleck, Fred (1978). On Track: The making of Westrail 1950 - 1976. Western Australian Railways Commission. p. 171. ISBN 0 7244 7560 5.
  8. ^ O'Connor, Porter and Salmon (1987). Challenges : fine Western Australian crafts : Crafts Council of Western Australia, Crafts Council Centre, Perth City Railway Station. Perth, W.A: Crafts Council of W.A.
  9. ^ New Heart for Perth Society (1953–1974). New Heart for Perth Society records, 1953-1974 (manuscript). Retrieved 19 February 2016. See specifically the section 'Biography'.
  10. ^ Lifting of northern pedestrian overpass at Perth station Government of Western Australia 12 June 1992
  11. ^ Perth CBD's first underground train station in operation ABC News 15 October 2007
  12. ^ Annual Report for year ended 30 June 2008 Public Transport Authority
  13. ^ Pedestrian underpass Public Transport Authority March 2012
  14. ^ Annual Report for year ended 30 June 2014 Public Transport Authority
  15. ^ September 2013 works update Public Transport Authority
  16. ^ Midland Line permanent platform change Transperth 11 December 2013
  17. ^ a b c d e Joondalup Line timetable Transperth 31 January 2016
  18. ^ Timetables Transwa
  19. ^ a b c Armadale/Thornlie Line timetable Transperth 31 January 2016
  20. ^ a b Fremantle Line timetable Transperth 31 January 2016
  21. ^ Midland Line Timetable Transperth 31 January 2016
  22. ^ Midland Line - Platform Change Transperth 25 August 2014
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Perth CAT Timetable 203 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 10 March 2019].
  24. ^ a b "Route 220". Bus Timetable 3 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 7 October 2018].
  25. ^ a b c d "Route 960". Bus Timetable 210 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 10 March 2019].
  26. ^ a b c Routes 28, 81, 84, 85, 91, 92, 95, 213, 220, 401, School Specials, Blue, Red and Yellow CAT services - Forrest Place disruptions, Transperth website, accessed 10 March 2010
  27. ^ a b c Routes 28, 81, 84, 91, 92, 213, 220, 401, Red and Yellow CATs – Forrest Place bus stops reintroduction, Transperth website, accessed 1 September 2011
  28. ^ a b c Routes 23, 28, 30, 31, 34, 78, 79, 81, 92, 102, 107, 213, 220, 401, 881, 940, school specials, Red and Yellow CAT - service disruptions, Transperth website, accessed 20 May 2012
  29. ^ a b "Route 41". Bus Timetable 103 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 25 August 2019].
  30. ^ a b "Route 42". Bus Timetable 103 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 25 August 2019].
  31. ^ a b "Route 48". Bus Timetable 103 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 25 August 2019].
  32. ^ a b "Route 55". Bus Timetable 103 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 25 August 2019].
  33. ^ a b "Route 60". Bus Timetable 102 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 25 August 2019].
  34. ^ a b c "Route 66". Bus Timetable 106 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 4 November 2018].
  35. ^ a b c d "Route 950". Bus Timetable 202 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 5 August 2018].
  36. ^ Bus Route 16 Timetable. Transperth.
  37. ^ "Route 67". Bus Timetable 106 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 4 November 2018].
  38. ^ "Route 68". Bus Timetable 106 (PDF). Transperth. n.d. [effective from 4 November 2018].

Further readingEdit

  • Finlayson, Don (1986). Steam around Perth. Perth, Western Australia: Australian Railway Historical Society (W.A. Division). ISBN 0959969047. OCLC 27627841. Has photos of earlier forms of the station – page 55 for example.

External linksEdit