People's Republic of Angola
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The People's Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República Popular de Angola) was the self-declared socialist state which governed Angola from its independence in 1975 until 1992, during the Angolan Civil War.
People's Republic of Angola
República Popular de Angola
Anthem: Angola Avante
|Government||Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic|
|José Eduardo dos Santos|
|Lopo do Nascimento|
|Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem|
|Historical era||Cold War|
• Independence from Portugal
|11 November 1975|
|22 November 1976|
|25 August 1992|
|ISO 3166 code||AO|
The regime was established in 1975, after Portuguese Angola, a colony, was granted independence from Portugal through the Alvor Agreement. The situation in Portugal's other former large African colony, the People's Republic of Mozambique, was similar. The newly-founded nation had friendly relations with the Soviet Union, Cuba, and the People's Republic of Mozambique. The country was governed by the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which was responsible for the transition into a Marxist-Leninist one-party state. The group was backed by both Cuba and the Soviet Union.
An opposing group, known as the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas Savimbi, sparked a civil war with the MPLA, with the backing from both apartheid South Africa and the United States.
In 1992, the People's Republic of Angola was constitutionally succeeded by the Republic of Angola and elections were held. However, the peace agreement did not last, as Savimbi rejected the election results and fighting resumed across the country until 2002.
- Rothchild, Donald S. (1997). Managing Ethnic Conflict in Africa: Pressures and Incentives for Cooperation. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 1997. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-8157-7593-5.
- Tvedten, Inge (1997). Angola: Struggle for Peace and Reconstruction. London. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8133-3335-9.
- Faria, P.C.J. (2013). The Post-war Angola: Public Sphere, Political Regime and Democracy. EBSCO ebook academic collection. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 271. ISBN 978-1-4438-6671-2. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
- "Angola – Communist Nations". www.country-data.com.
- "African Socialism". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- French, Howard W. (3 March 2002). "The World; Exit Savimbi, and the Cold War in Africa". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
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