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Cabinda (Kongo: Tsiowa), formerly Vila Amélia, is a city located in the Cabinda Province, an exclave of Angola. Angolan sovereignty over Cabinda is disputed by the secessionist Republic of Cabinda. The municipality of Cabinda covered 1,823 square kilometres (704 square miles) and contained 598,210 inhabitants in 2014. The residents of the city are known as Cabindas or Fiotes. Cabinda, due to its proximity to rich oil reserves, serves as one of Angola's main oil ports.[1][2]

Cabinda

Tchiowa

Cidade de Cabinda
Municipality and city
The Chapel of Rainha do Mundo in the City of Cabinda
The Chapel of Rainha do Mundo in the City of Cabinda
Official seal of Cabinda
Seal
Cabinda is located in Angola
Cabinda
Cabinda
Location in Angola
Coordinates: 5°33′36″S 12°11′24″E / 5.56000°S 12.19000°E / -5.56000; 12.19000Coordinates: 5°33′36″S 12°11′24″E / 5.56000°S 12.19000°E / -5.56000; 12.19000
CountryFlag of Angola.svg Angola
Admin. divisionCabinda province
Founded1883
City Status1956
Area
 • Total1,823 km2 (704 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2014 Census)
 • Total598,210
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
ClimateAw

Contents

HistoryEdit

The city was founded by the Portuguese in 1883 after the signing of the Treaty of Simulambuco, in the same period as the Berlin Conference.

There are considerable offshore oil reserves nearby.

GeographyEdit

Cabinda is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast in the south of Cabinda Province, and sits on the right bank of the Bele River.[1] It is 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of Moanda (DR Congo), 70 kilometres (43 mi) north of Congo River estuary and 137 kilometres (85 mi) south of Pointe-Noire (Rep. Congo).[3]

DistrictsEdit

The city of Cabinda is divided into three districts, or comuna:

  • Cabinda, the city seat, with 88.6% of the population the city
  • Malembo, with 3.1%
  • Tando-Zinze, with 8.3%[4]

EducationEdit

CultureEdit

The city's population has a peculiar culture from its way of dressing and eating to traditional rituals, especially Chicumbe and celebrated ceremonies of Bakamas do Tchizo,[5] a traditional ritual that enables the interaction between the living and the occult spirits of the gods and the ancestors, thus ensuring the reconciliation between the dead and the living.[6]

LanguageEdit

Ibinda, a Bantu language, is the primary language of both the city and province of Cabinda.[2] Portuguese, the official language of Angola, is also spoken, though mostly as an administrative role. Since Cabinda was colonized relatively later (late nineteenth century) by Portugal compared to most of Angola, Portuguese isn't as widely spoken, though language speakers are rapidly growing in number.

TransportEdit

In 2012, a proposed railway connection to the main Angolan system has to cross territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Cabinda". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
  2. ^ a b "Cabinda" (in Portuguese). Luanda, Angola: Info-Angola. 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
  3. ^ Google. "Cabinda (city)" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
  4. ^ "Region 1: Cabinda". Postcode Query. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
  5. ^ "Cidade de Cabinda comemora 52 anos" [Cabinda city celebrates 52 years] (in Portuguese). Governo da Província de Cabinda. Retrieved 2019-03-19.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Uma excursão virtual a Cabinda" [A virtual tour to Cabinda] (in Portuguese). Teia Portuguesa. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

BibliographyEdit

  • Esteves Pereira; Guilherme Rodrigues, eds. (1906). "Cabinda". Portugal: Diccionario Historico... (in Portuguese). 2. Lisbon: Joao Romano Torres. OCLC 865826167.

External linksEdit