This article possibly contains original research. (August 2018)
Pendleton Murrah (1824/1826 – August 4, 1865) was the tenth Governor of Texas. His term in office coincided with the American Civil War.
|10th Governor of Texas|
November 5, 1863 – June 17, 1865
|Lieutenant||Fletcher Summerfield Stockdale|
|Preceded by||Francis Lubbock|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Jackson Hamilton|
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives|
|Born||1824 or 1826|
|Died|| (aged about 40)|
Murrah's birth date and birth location vary from source to source. Some have him born in 1824; others give his birth year as 1826. According to his 1850 and 1860 entries in the U.S. Census, Murrah was a native of Alabama. His birthplace is sometimes listed as South Carolina, but more recent sources indicate he was born in Bibb County and was the illegitimate son of Peggy Murrah, a daughter of Charles and Avarilla Jones Murrah. He was raised and educated in a Baptist orphanage, and graduated from Brown University in 1848. He then studied law and was admitted to the bar. He moved to Texas and opened a law practice in Marshall.
After losing a race in 1855, Murrah won election to the Texas House of Representatives in 1857, and also served on the executive committee of the Texas Democratic Party. In 1861 he declined to run for a seat in the Confederate Congress because of ill health, probably tuberculosis, but his health recovered sufficiently that he accepted a commission in the 14th Texas Infantry, a Confederate Army unit commanded by former governor Edward Clark. Murrah soon resigned his commission, but he won the gubernatorial election in 1863, and served until the fall of the Confederacy.
As governor during the American Civil War, Murrah emphatically supported the Confederate cause, although he ended up in a controversy over the conscription of Texas militia troops into the Confederate Army. Still, even after Robert E. Lee surrendered in 1865, he encouraged Texans to continue the fight.
When he learned that Union Army forces were en route to Texas, Murrah fled to Mexico with other Confederate leaders. Lieutenant Governor Fletcher Summerfield Stockdale filled the vacant post, acting as governor for five days, until provisional governor Andrew J. Hamilton assumed office in August 1865.
The trip to Mexico took a toll on Murrah's health, and he died in Monterrey on August 4, 1865. His grave is located in the Panteon Municipal of Monterrey, Mexico.
Charles Murrah, the grandfather of Pendleton Murrah, was born in 1775 in Warren County, North Carolina. He traced his ancestry through his parents Charles and his Margaret (Peggy) Murrah, and through them to his grandparents Lodowick and Mira Ann Jeter Murrah of Caroline County, Virginia.
In 1850 Murrah married Sue Ellen Taylor, daughter of a prominent Texas plantation owner. According to the 1860 census, they had no children.
- Pendleton Murrah from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Entry about Pendleton Murrah from the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas published 1880, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
- ^ Texas Biographical Dictionary
- ^ American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection
- ^ "STOCKDALE, FLETCHER SUMMERFIELD," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed May 19, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.