Bibb County, Alabama
Bibb County is a county in the central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama. The county is included in the ARC's definition of Appalachia. As of the 23rd Decennial 2010 United States Census, its population was 22,915. The county seat is Centreville. The county is named in honor of William W. Bibb (1781-1820), the Governor of Alabama Territory (1817-1819) and the first Governor of Alabama (1819-1820, when he died). He is also the namesake for Bibb County, Georgia, where he began his political career. It is a "prohibition" or dry county; however, a few towns have become "wet" by allowing the sale of alcoholic beverages: Woodstock (12/2017), West Blocton (08/2012), Centreville (06/2010), and Brent (05/2010).
|Bibb County, Alabama|
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 7, 1818|
|Named for||William W. Bibb|
|• Total||626 sq mi (1,621 km2)|
|• Land||623 sq mi (1,614 km2)|
|• Water||3.6 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6%|
|• Density||37/sq mi (14/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/−5|
Cahawba County was established ("erected") on February 7, 1818, named for the Cahawba River (now more commonly known as Cahaba River). This name came from the Choctaw language word meaning "water above." On December 4, 1820, it was renamed as Bibb County.
In the wake of the American Civil War, the state legislature passed laws to create a new constitution that raised barriers to voter registration and effectively excluded Freedmen from the political process. Many residents resisted the objectives of Union occupation both during and after Reconstruction because they wanted to restore the Antebellum social and political norms. During this time of transition, Bibb, Dallas, and Pickens counties held the third-highest number of lynchings in the state.
- Jefferson County - north
- Shelby County - northeast
- Chilton County - southeast
- Perry County - southwest
- Hale County - southwest
- Tuscaloosa County - northwest
National protected areasEdit
- U.S. Highway 11
- U.S. Highway 82
- State Route 5
- State Route 25
- State Route 58
- State Route 139
- State Route 209
- State Route 219
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,915 people, 7,953 households, and 5,748 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 8,981 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.8% White, 22.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,953 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.5 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,770, and the median income for a family was $51,956. Males had a median income of $40,219 versus $28,085 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,918. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
From 1920 to 1970, the population of the rural county declined considerably. Many African Americans joined the Great Migration to northern and western cities, to escape the violence and racial oppression of Jim Crow.
Government and infrastructureEdit
Bibb County has a five-member County Commission, elected from single-member districts. Members take turns in serving as chairman of the commission, rotating the position every nine and a half months.
Places of interestEdit
Bibb County is home to the Talladega National Forest supervised by the United States Forestry Service (of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), and a section of the Cahaba River which draws visitors to view the unique "Cahaba Lily", or (known by its scientific Latinized name: Hymenocallis coronaria).
In popular cultureEdit
Bibb County is the setting of the S-Town podcast.
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- "County Commission", Bibb County, Alabama website
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- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 15, 2016.