Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party

The Kulmiye Peace, Unity and Development Party (Somali: Xisbiga Kulmiye Nabad, Midnimo iyo Horumarka; Arabic: حزب التضامن), also known as simply Kulmiye (lit.'Solidarity'), is a political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo" in May 2002,[2] ahead of the first municipal elections later that year. The party is mainly supported by people from the Habr Je'lo, Habr Awal[3] and Darod clans.[4]

Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party
Xisbiga Kulmiye Nabad, Midnimo iyo Horumarka
ChairmanMuse Bihi
President of SomalilandMuse Bihi
Vice President of SomalilandAbdirahman Saylici
Speaker of the HouseAbdirisak Khalif Ahmed
FounderAhmed Mohamed Silanyo
FoundedMay 12, 2002; 20 years ago (2002-05-12)
HeadquartersHargeisa
IdeologySocial liberalism
Political positionCentre to centre-left
Regional affiliationAfrica Liberal Network (observer)[1]
Colors  Green   Yellow
House of Representatives
30 / 82
Local councillors
93 / 220
Party flag
Kulmiye.svg
Website
www.kulmiyeparty.org

In the presidential elections of 14 April 2003, its candidate Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo" won 42.1% of the popular vote. He was narrowly defeated by Dahir Riyale Kahin.

In parliamentary elections held on 29 September 2005, the party won 34.1% of the vote and 28 out of 82 seats.

In the 2010 presidential election, Silanyo and his running mate Abdirahman Saylici claimed victory and comfortably defeated Kahin.

In the 2017 presidential election, President Silanyo chose not to seek a second term in office. Muse Bihi Abdi, who became party Chairman in 2015 and his running mate, incumbent Vice President Abdirahman Saylici won with 55% of the vote.

History of leadersEdit

Picture Name Term
start
Term
end
Date of birth Notes
  Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo"
احمد محمد محمود
12 May 2002 13 December 2017 1936 4th President of Somaliland
27 July 201013 December 2017
Minister of Finance
1997 – 1999
  Muse Bihi Abdi
موسى بيحي عبدي
13 December 2017 Present 2 January 1948 5th President of Somaliland
13 December 2017 – present
Minister of Interior
1993 – 1995

2017 Somaliland presidential electionEdit

Presidential elections were held in Somaliland on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held in Somaliland on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives,[5] but were initially postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region.[6] The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November.[7] Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Kulmiye did not run for a second term.

The result was a victory for the ruling Kulmiye party and its candidate Muse Bihi Abdi, who received 55% of the vote.

Candidate Party Votes %
Muse Bihi Abdi Peace, Unity, and Development Party 305,909 55.10
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi Waddani 226,092 40.73
Faisal Ali Warabe For Justice and Development 23,141 4.17
Invalid/blank votes 10,475
Total 565,617 100
Registered voters/turnout 704,198 80.32
Source: SLNEC

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2003 Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo" 205,515 42.07% Lost  N
2010 266,906 49.59% Elected  Y
2017 Muse Bihi Abdi 305,909 55.1% Elected  Y

Parliamentary electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
2005 228,328 34.06%
28 / 82
  28   2nd
2021 257,020 36.92%
30 / 82
  2   2nd

Local electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
2002 83,158 18.90%
71 / 379
  71   2nd
2012 244,795 30.19%
99 / 323
  28   1st
2021 268,815 39%
93 / 220
  6   1st

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ALN Member Parties". Africa Liberal Network. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Brief History". Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  3. ^ Daud, Abdi Hussein (1 January 2017). "Somaliland: Political Parties or Clan Parties?". Hiiraan Online. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  4. ^ Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2010 - Somaliland [Somalia], 1 June 2010, available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/4c1a1e9ec.html [accessed 13 August 2020]
  5. ^ Somaliland: “Presidential and Parliament Elections Slated for March 2017 Archived November 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine Somaliland Sun, 10 September 2015
  6. ^ "Somalia: Presidential election postponed in Somaliland". Garowe Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  7. ^ Maruf, Harun (13 November 2017). "Voting Begins in Somaliland in Third Presidential Election Since 2003". VOA.

External linksEdit