Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party
The Kulmiye Peace, Unity and Development Party (Somali: Xisbiga Kulmiye Nabad, Midnimo iyo Horumarka; Arabic: حزب التضامن), also known as simply Kulmiye (lit. 'Solidarity'), is a political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo" in May 2002, ahead of the first municipal elections later that year. The party is mainly supported by people from the Habr Je'lo, Habr Awal and Darod clans.
|President of Somaliland||Muse Bihi|
|Vice President of Somaliland||Abdirahman Saylici|
|Speaker of the House||Abdirisak Khalif Ahmed|
|Founder||Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo|
|Founded||May 12, 2002|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|Regional affiliation||Africa Liberal Network (observer)|
|House of Representatives|
30 / 82
93 / 220
In parliamentary elections held on 29 September 2005, the party won 34.1% of the vote and 28 out of 82 seats.
In the 2017 presidential election, President Silanyo chose not to seek a second term in office. Muse Bihi Abdi, who became party Chairman in 2015 and his running mate, incumbent Vice President Abdirahman Saylici won with 55% of the vote.
History of leadersEdit
|Date of birth||Notes|
|Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo"
احمد محمد محمود
|12 May 2002||13 December 2017||1936||4th President of Somaliland |
27 July 2010 – 13 December 2017
Minister of Finance
1997 – 1999
|Muse Bihi Abdi
موسى بيحي عبدي
|13 December 2017||Present||2 January 1948||5th President of Somaliland |
13 December 2017 – present
Minister of Interior
1993 – 1995
2017 Somaliland presidential electionEdit
Presidential elections were held in Somaliland on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held in Somaliland on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives, but were initially postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Kulmiye did not run for a second term.
The result was a victory for the ruling Kulmiye party and its candidate Muse Bihi Abdi, who received 55% of the vote.
|Muse Bihi Abdi||Peace, Unity, and Development Party||305,909||55.10|
|Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi||Waddani||226,092||40.73|
|Faisal Ali Warabe||For Justice and Development||23,141||4.17|
|2003||Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo"||205,515||42.07%||Lost N|
|2017||Muse Bihi Abdi||305,909||55.1%||Elected|
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30 / 82
71 / 379
99 / 323
93 / 220
- "ALN Member Parties". Africa Liberal Network. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "Brief History". Retrieved 2020-06-20.
- Daud, Abdi Hussein (1 January 2017). "Somaliland: Political Parties or Clan Parties?". Hiiraan Online. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
- Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2010 - Somaliland [Somalia], 1 June 2010, available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/4c1a1e9ec.html [accessed 13 August 2020]
- Somaliland: “Presidential and Parliament Elections Slated for March 2017 Archived November 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine Somaliland Sun, 10 September 2015
- "Somalia: Presidential election postponed in Somaliland". Garowe Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- Maruf, Harun (13 November 2017). "Voting Begins in Somaliland in Third Presidential Election Since 2003". VOA.