Historic Downtown Pawhuska (2005)
Location of Pawhuska, Oklahoma
|• Total||3.8 sq mi (9.7 km2)|
|• Land||3.8 sq mi (9.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||820 ft (250 m)|
|• Density||966.4/sq mi (373.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1096476|
It was named after the 19th-century Osage chief, Paw-Hiu-Skah, which means "White Hair" in English. The Osage tribal government, which opened offices in Pawhuska in 1872 when its reservation was established in Indian Territory, continues to be based in Pawhuska.
The town, originally known as Deep Ford, was established in 1872 with the reservation for the Osage Nation, part of Indian Territory. The Osage Indian Agency was located along Bird Creek. One of the three main bands of the tribe settled here. Traders followed, building stores during 1872 and 1873. Pawhuska's first newspaper, the Indian Herald (also known as Wah-Sha-She News.), was founded in 1875 by George Edward Tinker, an Osage who became the father of Clarence L. Tinker, highest-ranking Native American officer in the US Army. The first post office opened in 1876.
The first Boy Scout troop is claimed to have been organized in Pawhuska, in May 1909 by John F. Mitchell, a missionary priest from England sent to St. Thomas Episcopal Church by the Church of England. On Independence day weekend 2009, the Pawhuska Boy Scout troop celebrated its centennial with a mini-jamboree attended by over 300 Scouts from across the United States.
During the Osage oil boom of the 1910s and 1920s, Pawhuska was the site of public lease options. The population grew to 6,414 by 1920. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad extended its line from Owen, a community in Washington County, to Pawhuska in 1923. As the oil boom declined and the Great Depression set in, the population declined. The steady decline has continued to the present.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Pawhuska is in the Tulsa metropolitan area, which includes part of Osage County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,629 people, 1,513 households, and 954 families residing in the city. The population density was 966.4 people per square mile (372.7/km²). There were 1,802 housing units at an average density of 479.9 per square mile (185.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.98% White, 2.78% African American, 25.46% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 6.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.
There were 1,513 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,156, and the median income for a family was $31,599. Males had a median income of $25,682 versus $17,690 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,916. About 13.7% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.
Other than cattle ranches nearby, local employment consisted primarily of a brick plant, a creamery, an ice factory, and a rock crusher. The Osage Nation has opened a gaming casino here, hoping to generate revenue for the tribe.
In 2016, "Pioneer Woman" Ree Drummond opened The Mercantile on Main Street. The establishment includes a store and restaurant which serves up to 6,000 people per day. Drummond operates a boutique hotel, The PW Boarding House, and also offers tours of the blogger-turned-Food Network star's cooking lodge on nearby Drummond Ranch, thus solidifying her place as a major economic force in Pawhuska.
Pawhuska has a home rule charter form of government.
KOSG, 103.9 FM featuring Southern Gospel music.
Tracy Letts' Pulitzer Prize-winning play August: Osage County (2007) is set in a country house near Pawhuska. The 2013 film August: Osage County was set in Osage County. Terence Malick's film To the Wonder (2012) was filmed in parts of Pawhuska, as well as in Bartlesville and parts of Skiatook.
- Louis F. Burns, historian and author of 13 books about the Osage Indians
- Bill Campbell, American player of gridiron football
- G. R. Carter, jockey
- Ree Drummond, "Accidental" blogger, author, food writer, chef, photographer, television personality and local businesswoman
- Lucy Tayiah Eads, Kaw tribal chief
- Ben Johnson, actor
- John Joseph Matthews, historian and author
- Mitch Schauer, creator of The Angry Beavers
- Larry Sellers, actor
- Shockley Shoemake, Oklahoma state legislator and lawyer
- Clarence L. Tinker, United States Air Force general and namesake of Tinker Air Force Base, near Oklahoma City
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Jon D. May, "Pawhuska." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed 30 Jan 2010
- Jon D. May, "Osage County", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- "Major General Clarence L. Tinker" Archived 2013-02-19 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved January 17, 2012.
- Osage County Historical Museum
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- MuniNet Guide: Pawhuska, Oklahoma.
- "The Pioneer Woman Serves 6,000 People a Day at Her Restaurant". Eater. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
- "The Pioneer Woman Boarding House". The Pioneer Woman Boarding House. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
- "Osage historian, lecturer Louis Burns dies at 92". Pawhuska Journal-Capital. Osage Nation Museum. 2012-05-22. Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
- "Lucy Tayiah Eads". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Franks, Kenny A. (1989). The Osage Oil Boom. Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Heritage Association. OCLC 84216747.
- Osage County Profiles. Pawhuska, Okla.: Osage County Historical Society. 1978.
- "Pawhuska". Vertical File. Oklahoma City: Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society.
- Warehime, Les (2000). History of Ranching the Osage. Tulsa, Okla.: W. W. Publishing. OCLC 865808685.