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|6th President of Uganda|
12 May 1980 – 22 May 1980
|Preceded by||Godfrey Binaisa|
|Succeeded by||Presidential Commission|
|4th Vice President of Uganda|
December 1980 – July 1985
|Preceded by||Mustafa Adrisi|
|Succeeded by||Samson Kisekka|
|3rd Prime Minister of Uganda|
1 August 1985 – 25 August 1985
|Preceded by||Otema Allimadi|
|Succeeded by||Abraham Waligo|
|Died||1 April 1991 (aged 70)|
|Political party||Uganda People's Congress|
Muwanga was born in Uganda. He joined the East African Posts and Telecommunications Administration (1943–50) before entering politics in 1950. He served as a member of Parliament from 1962 to 1964, before becoming ambassador to Egypt (1964–70) and France (1970–72). He was then in exile in England from 1972 to 1978, before returning to fight in the Uganda–Tanzania War (1978–9). He served briefly as minister of internal affairs, first under Yusuf Lule and then under Godfrey Binaisa. Binaisa attempted to have Muwanga demoted to an ambassador in February 1980, but Muwanga appealed directly to the National Consultative Commission. He was reappointed, this time as minister of labour, the same month, and held that position until May 1980.
On 12 May 1980, the army overthrew Binaisa and installed a six-man Military Commission headed by Muwanga. The commission was the de facto president of Uganda for a few days until the establishment of the Presidential Commission of Uganda. That commission, with Muwanga as chairman, held the powers of the president of Uganda between 22 May and 15 December 1980.
Following the elections held on 10 December 1980, Muwanga installed himself as the head of the Electoral Commission and declared Milton Obote's Uganda People's Congress the winner. The election results were contested, leading Yoweri Museveni to undertake a guerilla war in protest.
Between 1980 and 1985, he served as Vice President of Uganda and minister of defence under Obote. He was briefly prime minister of Uganda (July or 1 August – 25 August 1985) under President Tito Okello, before being succeeded by Abraham Waligo.
He was arrested in October 1986, acquitted in 1988, and detained again 1989–90.
- "Paulo Muwanga, 70, Ex-Ugandan Official". The New York Times. 2 April 1991. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- Uwechue, Raph, ed. (1996). Africa who's who (3rd ed.). Africa Books. p. 979. ISBN 090327423X. OCLC 36727692.
- Jørgensen, Jan Jelmert (1981). Uganda: a modern history. Taylor & Francis. pp. 335–339. ISBN 978-0-85664-643-0.
- "Uganda Removes Prime Minister". The New York Times. 26 August 1985. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- Museveni visits family of ex-president Paulo Muwanga
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| President of Uganda
12–22 May 1980
Presidential Commission of Uganda
| Prime Minister of Uganda
1 August 1985 – 25 August 1985
- Uganda since 1979, part of the History of Uganda series.
- President of Uganda
- Politics of Uganda
- Political parties of Uganda