Patricia Hackett (25 January 1908 – 18 August 1963) was an Australian heiress, lawyer, actress and author, remembered today in the Patricia Hackett Award for writing.
Patricia Hackett was born in Perth, Western Australia to John Winthrop Hackett M.L.C. and his wife Dr. Deborah Vernon Hackett, née Drake-Brockman, later known as Sir Winthrop and Lady Hackett. Sir Winthrop, who endowed the entire University of Western Australia, died on 19 February 1916 and Lady Hackett married again, on 10 April 1918 to Frank Beaumont Moulden (1876–1932) and moved to Adelaide with her children, living at "Lordello", Palmer Place, North Adelaide. He became Mayor of Adelaide in 1919 and was knighted in 1922.
Patricia began law studies at the University of Adelaide in 1925 without having passed in Latin, which was then a pre-requisite, and applied to enter her articles while deferring this examination. Another student, Claude Joseph Philcox, made a similar request, both no doubt intending to study the subject concurrently. This had for some time been permitted by the great English universities, but the application was denied.
In 1926 Patricia Hackett and her sister, Miss Joan Hackett (23 February 1909 – 19 December 1966), were expelled from the University of Adelaide for impersonation at the Leaving examination in Latin. In other words, Joan Hackett sat the Latin exam for her sister Patricia Hackett.
Barred from further study in Australia, Patricia left for to London, where was admitted as a student to the Inner Temple in May 1928, completed her studies and returned with fellow-graduate Margery Lawrence to Adelaide in late 1929, and was called to the English Bar on 27 January 1930, one of four women (two of them Australian) to be so honoured.
In 1933, as junior to Llandaff Brisbane Mathews (1896–1954), she defended Salem Macksad, a Syrian storekeeper of Gilbert Street, who was accused of murdering his neighbour Richard Joseph Supple, with whose wife he had an illicit relationship. The victim was found on Memorial Drive near the golf course with a fractured skull the evident cause of death. Macksad was convicted of the lesser crime of manslaughter. This has been cited as the first time in Australia a woman lawyer has defended a male accused of a capital crime, but appears to be the only high-profile case with which she was professionally involved.
In 1936 she was invited to do some legal work at Tulagi, Solomon Islands, and returned there for three or four months each year thereafter, staying on the island of M'Bangai on which she took out a 99-year lease (one authority asserts purchased). She took out a practising lawyer's certificate in Fiji, their first woman lawyer. Her last sojourn on the island was cut short by the Pearl Harbor attack of 1941, when she and many other Australians including Mrs. Ragnar Hyne and Mrs. W. H. Baddeley, wife of the Bishop of Melanesia, were evacuated.
Theatre and ArtsEdit
Soon after her return to Adelaide, Hackett threw herself into amateur theatre. In April 1930 she appeared in the comedy The Truth About Blayds by A. A. Milne, with the Repertory Theatre Group, their first production at the Australia Theatre in Angas Street. She appeared in half-a-dozen further Repertory productions in the next three years.
In April 1934 she founded, and personally funded, in Gawler Place, "The Torch", Adelaide's first intimate theatre. The venue, seating 150 persons, was previously a sales showroom with an entrance on Claridge Arcade and stage access from Rundle Street via a narrow right-of-way. Membership was one guinea per annum, and entitled the holder to one seat per production and preferential purchase of additional seats for any performance. She created a minor furore in September 1934 after receiving an adverse critique in The Advertiser over her performance in Geza Silberer's play Caprice. (The News had, as usual, given her glowing, not to say sycophantic, reviews). Her response was to fling the contents of a bottle of ink over the hapless journalist Sidney Downer. Patricia then peremptorily barred all journalists from The Advertiser from her theatre. Later that year she took a long sea voyage "for her health", promising that "The Torch" would continue in her absence, but in fact it never reopened.
Patricia's acting was highly stylized, with an exaggerated gracefulness in the grand style, dominating every scene. She had a priceless collection of authentic Eastern costumes and "hard properties", with which she lavishly decorated her productions, adding to their other-worldly atmosphere. In 1944, following her appearance in Gild the Mask Again, Max Harris wrote in On Dit (the University of Adelaide student newspaper) a strident critique of Patricia's histrionic style:
We have now seen Miss Hackett as a Biblical dame, Virgin Mary, a Moon Woman, Salome, a Grey Sword, Queen Elizabeth, and a Renaissance wife. It only remains for her to play a Life of Stalin, Diaghilev and Little Nell. ... let the Theatre Guild forget the panther passions of the Hackett demi-monde ... (and place) ... more stress on Theatre and less on Art
Hackett sued for libel. On the advice of John Reed, Harris made an abject apology, so avoiding a costly lawsuit. Worse was to attend him: this happened on the eve of his publication of the Ern Malley poems and the ensuing obscenity trials.
Australia Theatre, Angas Street
- April 1930 The Truth About Blayds (A. A. Milne) as Septima.
- September 1930 The Man with a Load of Mischief (Ashley Dukes) as the prince's runaway mistress
- October 1931 Death Takes a Holiday as Grazia, Death's lover (Alberto Casella)
- October 1932 Berkeley Square (John L. Balderston and J. C. Squire) as the earlier Standish's soulmate
- November 1933 Cradle Song (Martinez Sierra) as Sister Johanna of the Cross
- December 1933 excerpts from Medea (Euripides) and Agamemnon (Aeschylus)
The Torch theatre, Gawler Place
- April 1934 Salome (Oscar Wilde) directed by Frank Johnston; Hackett as Salome, Cyril Riley as Herod and was well received.
- June 1934 The Virgin Unmasked (Henry Fielding) and Homage to the Unknown (George Preedy).
- September 1934: Caprice (Sil-Vara) This was the production which culminated in the notorious ink-slinging incident.
- August 1935: The Beaux' Stratagem (George Farquhar)
- October 1935: Shadowy Waters (W. B. Yeats) and excerpts from The Dream of Gerontius (Cardinal Newman).
At Adelaide University's "The Hut" theatre, Patricia directed:
- 1942 Variations in Verse
- 1943 The Medea (Euripides)
- 1943 Stories in Dance and Verse, co-directed with Joanne Priest
- 1944 Renaissance Night and Gild the Mask Again (T. B. Morris)
- 1945 The Motherly and Auspicious (Maurice Collis)
- 1945 And So To Bed (J. B. Fagan)
- 1946 The Beautiful One (T. B. Morris)
- 1947 L'Enfant Prodigue (Claude Debussy), co-directed with Jean Cook
- 1947 The Countess Cathleen (W. B. Yeats)
- 1948 The Old Ladies (Rodney Ackland)
- 1948 The Medea (Euripides)
- 1949 Legend (Patricia Hackett)
- 1949 Aglavaine and Sélysette (Maurice Maeterlinck)
She gathered around her a dedicated and faithful group of disciples, including Hedley Cullen (1915–1994), a well-known baritone, Nancy Cullen (best known as a mezzo-soprano), Don Dunstan, Francis Flannagan (1912–), Mary Patricia "Patsy" Flannagan (1914–), Francis Gargaro, best known as Frank Gargro (1920– ), Ron Haddrick, Max Height, Audine Leith (née Cheek), Peter Leith, Kevin Manser (1925–2001), Stella Sobels (1900– ), John Taylor, Iris Thomas and Lionel Williams.
Patricia later held theatrical performances in the basement of her home at 69 Hackney Road, Hackney, which she shared with Dr. A. M. Mocatta (1887–1984). In later years she suffered from arthritis, relieved by heroin, to which she became addicted. After an hiatus of several years, one last final performance was held in 1960 at the Mocatta House theatre, in conjunction with the inaugural Adelaide Festival of Arts: Legend, a performance which included much of Patricia Hackett's own verse.
Dr. Mocatta inherited the house, which she left, along with her art collection, to the National Trust. Dubbed "Mocatta House", and whose history includes development by wine and distillation pioneer Wilhelm Nitschke, it was controversially sold in 1994, as later were the artworks.
In February 1932 she represented her father posthumously at a ceremony in Perth to present his bequest which founded the University of Western Australia. Lady Moulden was conferred with honorary degree of LLD., the first woman to be so honored in Australia.
In late 1934 Patricia took a sea voyage.
She had a serious operation early in 1936, and in late March took a sea voyage to London with her little charge Elizabeth Kennedy (c. 1934– ), a niece of violinist Daisy Kennedy, later Mrs. John Drinkwater. Another report had her taking a voyage on a cargo boat with Dr. Mocatta. Whichever report was true, Patricia was in London in May.
She had a (summer?) cottage "Nepenthe" at Nortons Summit in the 1930s and 1940s, and spent many holidays prior to the Pacific War in 1941 in the Solomon Islands, living in Tulagi harbor on the island of M'bangai, on which she had a long-term lease. One report asserts that she had a legal practice in the Solomon Islands, where she was the first woman solicitor.
- Hackett, Patricia; Wood, Rex (1938), These little things, Hunkin, Ellis & King, retrieved 31 August 2016 Five illustrations by Rex Wood.
- Later St Ann's College. Perhaps named for Lordello Road, County Dublin, near Sir Winthrop's birthplace.
- "Law Students' Applications". The Register. XC (26, 512). South Australia. 16 December 1925. p. 7. Retrieved 2 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- University of Adelaide Archives. Series 280, Item 494, Board of Discipline 1915-1930
- "Personal". The West Australian. XLIV (8, 123). Western Australia. 29 June 1928. p. 16. Retrieved 2 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Women Barristers". The News. XIII (1, 960). South Australia. 26 October 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 2 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "About People". The Examiner (Tasmania). LXXXVIII (20). Tasmania, Australia. 23 January 1930. p. 10. Retrieved 2 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Playing Patricia Hackett". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 December 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
- William Wilde et al, The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature Oxford University Press, Melbourne 2nd edition 1994 ISBN 0 19 553381 X
- "ANZAAB Pop Up Book Fair, Sydney". Kay Craddock. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016. Notes accompanying offer to sell a handwritten and illustrated book A South Sea Legend by Patricia Hackett.
- "Today's News for Women". The News. South Australia. 29 December 1941. p. 5. Retrieved 31 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Jo Peoples, 'Hackett, Patricia (1908–1963)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/hackett-patricia-10385/text18399, published first in hardcopy 1996, accessed online 2 August 2016.
- "The Torch Theatre for Adelaide". The News. XXII (3, 285). South Australia. 29 January 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- ""Caprice" At Torch Theatre". The Advertiser. South Australia. 4 September 1934. p. 10. Retrieved 3 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Modern Comedy At Torch Theatre". The News. XXIII (3, 471). South Australia. 4 September 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 3 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "The Retorts Courteous!". The News. XXIII (3, 472). South Australia. 5 September 1934. p. 1. Retrieved 31 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Caprice — The Final Curtain". The News. XXIII (3, 480). South Australia. 14 September 1934. p. 7. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Quoted by Jo Peoples in Australian Dictionary of Biography, op cit; the Goers publication has a somewhat longer excerpt
- "Writ For Libel". The Advertiser. LXXXVII (26761). South Australia. 11 July 1944. p. 5. Retrieved 2 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Repertory Theatre". The News. XIV (2, 098). South Australia. 7 April 1930. p. 9. Retrieved 30 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Charming Play Done by Repertory Society". The Register News-Pictorial. XCV (27, 783). South Australia. 1 September 1930. p. 9. Retrieved 30 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Torch Theatre To Stage Salome First". The News. XXII (3, 336). South Australia. 29 March 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia. This reference describes the theatre in some detail
- "Wilde Play Well Done". The News. XXII (3, 351). South Australia. 17 April 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia. Includes a "roll call" of Adelaide society.
- "Old World Plays at Torch Theatre". The News. XXII (3, 405). South Australia. 19 June 1934. p. 8. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Farquhar Comedy At Torch Theatre". The News. XXV (3, 759). South Australia. 8 August 1935. p. 18. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Poetic Plays At Torch Theatre". The News. XXV (3, 823). South Australia. 22 October 1935. p. 9. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "University of Adelaide Theatre Guild productions 1930s–1960s".
- "Novel idea in guild's legend presentation". The News. 53 (8, 091). South Australia. 12 July 1949. p. 11. Retrieved 1 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Peter Goers and Colin Ballantyne Agnes and Hackett Performing Arts Collection of South Australia 1984. This article appears to have been compiled from oral histories: strong on description but very weak on historical fact.
- Helen Jones, 'Mocatta, Annie Mildred (1887–1984)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/mocatta-annie-mildred-14977/text26166, published first in hardcopy 2012, accessed online 3 August 2016.
- Susan Magarey and Kerry Round Roma the First: A Biography of Dame Roma Mitchell Wakefield Press, Adelaide
- Nitschke was father of baritone Richard Nitschke and grandfather of cricketer Jack Nitschke.
- Dr Andrew Brown-May. "Our house: histories of Australian homes: Mocatta House". Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
- "First Woman to be Honorary LL.D." The News. XVIII (2, 670). South Australia. 8 February 1932. p. 6. Retrieved 31 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Patricia Hackett To Go Abroad". The News. XXVI (3, 943). South Australia. 11 March 1936. p. 8. Retrieved 31 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Adelaide Women Travelling Abroad". The News. XXVI (3, 971). South Australia. 14 April 1936. p. 9. Retrieved 31 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Lady Moulden Engaged". The News. XXVI (3, 992). South Australia. 8 May 1936. p. 6. Retrieved 31 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "V.S.Ds. in Real Earnest". The News. XXXIII (5, 006). South Australia. 10 August 1939. p. 19. Retrieved 2 August 2016 – via National Library of Australia.