The Pat-kai (Pron: ˈpʌtˌkaɪ) or Patkai Bum (meaning "to cut (pat) chicken (Kai)" in Tai-Ahom language) are the hills on India's north-eastern border with Burma or Myanmar. They were created by the same tectonic processes that created the Himalayas in the Mesozoic.[citation needed]

Patkai Range
Pangsau Pass.jpg
Patkai hill summits seen from the Pangsau Pass
Highest point
PeakMount Saramati[1]
Elevation3,826 m (12,552 ft)
Coordinates27°0′N 96°0′E / 27.000°N 96.000°E / 27.000; 96.000Coordinates: 27°0′N 96°0′E / 27.000°N 96.000°E / 27.000; 96.000
Patkai Range is located in Myanmar
Patkai Range
Patkai Range
Location of Patkai
LocationIndia, Burma


The Patkai hill range are not as rugged as the Himalayas and the peaks are much lower. Features of the range include conical peaks, steep slopes and deep valleys.

Three mountain ranges come under the Patkai. The Patkai-Bum (Burmese Kumon Taungdan),[2] the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia, and the Lushai Hills, highest point Phawngpui Tlang, also known as 'Blue Mountain'. The Garo-Khasi range is in the Indian state of Meghalaya. Mawsynram and Cherrapunji, on the windward side of these hills are the world's wettest places, having the highest annual rainfall.

The climate range from temperate to alpine due to differences in altitude.

The Pangsau Pass offers the most important route through the Patkai. The Ledo Road was built through Pangsau Pass as a strategic supply road built over the range during World War II to link India with the Burma Road into China.

In WWII the Patkai Range was part of The Hump.

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