Pat Suzuki (Japanese: 鈴木千代子; born Chiyoko Suzuki; September 22, 1930) is an American popular singer and actress, who is best known for her role in the original Broadway production of the musical Flower Drum Song, and her performance of the song "I Enjoy Being a Girl" in the show.
|Birth name||Chiyoko Suzuki|
|Born||September 22, 1930|
Cressey, California, United States
|Genres||Traditional pop music|
|Associated acts||Flower Drum Song (original Broadway cast)|
Suzuki is a Nisei or second-generation Japanese American, and was born Chiyoko Suzuki, to Chiyosaku and Aki Suzuki, as the fourth of their four daughters. Aki was a musician who played traditional Japanese instruments. When she was growing up, she was nicknamed "Chibi", which is Japanese for 'short person' or 'small child', as the youngest sister. Suzuki lived with her family in Cressey, California.
In February 1942, a few months after the United States entered World War II, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. Under XO 9066, the Suzuki family and more than 110,000 other Japanese American residents of the U.S. Pacific coast states were forced to evacuate their homes and enter American internment camps. The Suzukis were sent to the Merced Assembly Center and later, the Granada War Relocation Center in Colorado. The Suzuki family left Granada to work on a sugar beet farm and returned to California after the war.
During the early 1950s, she attended five colleges, and graduated from San Jose State University, earning teaching credentials for elementary and secondary schools. After deciding against a career in education, she decided to travel to Europe, but ran out of money in New York, so she obtained a part in a touring production of the play, The Teahouse of the August Moon.
While touring with the company, Suzuki took on gigs singing in nightclubs to cover her expenses, and ended up becoming a local celebrity at the Colony Club in Seattle in 1955, appearing for three years and more than 2,000 consecutive performances. Bing Crosby attended one of her shows at the club in 1957. Her singing so impressed Crosby that he helped her obtain a recording contract with RCA Victor. She recorded several albums for RCA Victor, including her 1958 eponymous debut album, Pat Suzuki (also known as Miss Pony Tail, after the nickname she had acquired during the Colony Club years), and went on to win the Downbeat National Disc Jockey Poll award for "America's best new female singer" that year. She received national exposure after appearances on several network television programs, including her television debut on The Lawrence Welk Show, The Frank Sinatra Show on ABC and Tonight Starring Jack Paar (March 1958).
After appearing on Jack Paar, Richard Rodgers called Suzuki to offer her the role of Linda Low, one of the leads in the Rodgers and Hammerstein Broadway production of the musical Flower Drum Song in 1958. She actually turned down the role at first ("I thought it was too big for me"), for which she later won the Theatre World Award for an outstanding New York City stage debut performance, in 1959. Suzuki's rendition of "I Enjoy Being a Girl" is deemed to be the definitive recording. Suzuki and Flower Drum Song costar Miyoshi Umeki were photographed by Philippe Halsman for the December 22, 1958 cover of Time.
I was seven months pregnant at the time and I would have had some trouble playing a stripper.
— Pat Suzuki, on not playing Linda Low in the 1961 film Flower Drum Song, from a 1963 interview with Bob Thomas
However, Suzuki did not appear in the 1961 film version of Flower Drum Song. Actress Nancy Kwan performed the role in the film and singer B. J. Baker dubbed her singing voice. Suzuki had married photographer Mark Shaw on March 28, 1960 and had given birth to their son David shortly before the film was being shot; in addition, Kwan had recently become notable for starring in The World of Suzie Wong.
In 1960 Suzuki was nominated for a Grammy Award in the Best Female Pop Vocal Performance category, for her album "Broadway '59". When Shaw was serving as the photographer for John F. Kennedy, the couple became close friends with the Kennedys, and Suzuki performed at Kennedy's inaugural ball in 1961 as a Hawaiian politician in a stereotypical accent, which Suzuki later described as "pretty corny".
However, Suzuki had largely retired from show business after David's birth. She returned to touring nightclubs in 1963 (including several on the Sunset Strip), and later performed on The Red Skelton Show in early 1964. Reportedly, Shaw had returned home one day to the New York apartment they shared with their son and, after describing his exciting fashion shoot earlier that day, enquired about Suzuki's activities, prompting her to launch the nightclub tour. Suzuki and Shaw divorced amicably in 1965.
Throughout the 1970s, Suzuki appeared regularly on stage. She played the role of Ma Eng in the off-Broadway production of Frank Chin's The Year of the Dragon. She also appeared in Pat Morita's short-lived television sitcom Mr. T and Tina, the first sitcom starring an Asian American family.
In 1999, Taragon Records released The Very Best of Pat Suzuki on compact disc. The compilation album collected recordings originally made for her first four albums on RCA Victor, including a performance of "Love, Look Away", the torch song for the character of Helen Chao in Flower Drum Song (music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II), originally issued on her 1959 album, Pat Suzuki's Broadway '59.
Suzuki continues to sing and act on stage in small and major venues such as Lincoln Center. She has actively supported Asian American civil rights, and, together with Sab Shimono, hosted the 2018 podcast Order 9066, which detailed the history of Executive Order 9066 with first-person accounts.
How High the MoonEdit
Suzuki's haunting studio cover version of "How High the Moon" (music by Morgan Lewis and lyrics by Nancy Hamilton) was released on her eponymous debut album in 1958. The cover is featured in the motion picture Biloxi Blues during the opening credits and in a later dance scene between the characters Eugene Jerome and Daisy (played by Matthew Broderick and Penelope Ann Miller, respectively).
- According to Family Tree Legends (an online birth records database that documents California births between 1905 and 1995) the only "Chiyoko Suzuki" born in Cressey, CA (Merced County) was born September 22, 1930, not September 23, 1934 as it is often reported. 
- Thomas, Bob (5 October 1963). "Pat Suzuki Returns To Show Business". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. AP. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- Christopher, Lee; Porter, Julie (9 October 1963). "Pat Suzuki and Young Son Take Ride on the Tramway | Talented Singer Appearing Here Plays Double Role as Performer and Mother". Desert Sun. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Biography for Pat Suzuki at IMDb
- "Who's Who in the Cast: Pat Suzuki (Linda Low)". Playbill. February 1959. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Cross, Lucy E. (2018). "Pat Suzuki". Masterworks Broadway. Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Japanese American Internee Data File: Chiyoko Suzuki". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
- Sanefuji, Noriko (13 March 2018). "A new podcast: Order 9066". O Say Can You See? [blog]. National Museum of American History. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- "Pat Suzuki". Densho Encyclopedia. 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- Pack, Harvey (28 January 1964). "Pat Enjoys Being A Girl But Not Singing The Song". The Evening Independent. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- Blecha, Peter (29 November 2016). "Pat Suzuki: The Seattle Years (1955-1958)". HistoryLink. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- "Flower Drum Song (St. James Theatre, 1958)". Playbill. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Purdum, Todd (February 2011). "From That Day Forth". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Cover". Time. December 22, 1958. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- "Pat Suzuki Married". Desert Sun. UPI. 30 March 1960. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Milestones, Apr. 11, 1960". Time.com website. Time, Inc. 1960-04-11. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
- "Milestones, Nov. 28, 1960". Time. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- Komai, Chris (11 September 2014). "Don't Forget Pat Suzuki". Discover Nikkei. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Never-before-seen Kennedy family photos released". CBS This Morning. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "The Lost Inaugural Gala for JFK: Never-Before-Seen Performances". Thirteen: Media with Impact. PBS. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- Wilson, Early (15 February 1965). "Pat Suzuki, Mark Shaw Divorced". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Pat Suzuki". American Public Media Reports. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- "The Very Best of Pat Suzuki: The RCA & Vik Recordings". CastAlbums. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Broadway '59 at Discogs (list of releases)
- Pat Suzuki at Discogs (list of releases)
- "Biloxi Blues". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Wang, Oliver (8 June 2003). "Eat a Bowl of Tea (1989)". Pop Matters. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- This album is also known as Miss Ponytail or Miss Pony Tail.
- The Many Sides of Pat Suzuki at Discogs (list of releases)
- Looking at You... at Discogs (list of releases)