Pat Quinn (ice hockey)
John Brian Patrick Quinn, Canadian ice hockey player, head coach, and executive. Known by the nickname "The Big Irishman", he coached for the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers, Los Angeles Kings, Vancouver Canucks, Toronto Maple Leafs, and Edmonton Oilers, reaching the Stanley Cup Finals twice, with the Flyers in 1980 and the Canucks in 1994. Internationally, Quinn coached Team Canada to gold medals at the 2002 Winter Olympics, 2008 IIHF World U18 Championships and 2009 World Junior Championship, as well as World Cup championship in 2004.(January 29, 1943 – November 23, 2014) was a
Quinn at the 2012 NHL Winter Classic
|Died||November 23, 2014 (aged 71)|
|Hockey Hall of Fame, 2016 (Builder)|
Los Angeles Kings
Toronto Maple Leafs
|Years as NHL player||1968–1977|
|Years as a coach||1977–2010|
|Years as an NHL coach||1978–2010|
Prior to coaching, Quinn was an NHL defenceman, having played nine seasons in the league with the Maple Leafs, Canucks and Atlanta Flames. Coming out of the junior ranks with the Edmonton Oil Kings, he won a Memorial Cup with the club in 1963. He later won another Memorial Cup as part-owner of the Vancouver Giants in 2007.
Quinn began his junior career with the Hamilton Tiger Cubs and Hamilton Kilty B's in the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA). After graduating high school, Quinn accepted a scholarship from Michigan Tech, but was declared ineligible to play by the NCAA because he had already signed his rights to the Detroit Red Wings. He instead joined the Edmonton Oil Kings of the Central Alberta Hockey League (CAHL), helping the club to the 1963 Memorial Cup in his only year with Edmonton, playing alongside fellow future NHL player, coach, and manager Glen Sather.
Quinn turned pro in 1963–64 and began stints in several minor leagues, including the Eastern Hockey League (EHL), Central Hockey League (CHL) and Western Hockey League (WHL). While playing with the Tulsa Oilers, Quinn was called up by the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1968, making his NHL debut. During his rookie season with the Maple Leafs, he is probably best remembered for an open-ice bodycheck on Bobby Orr in the 1969 playoffs against the Boston Bruins that left Orr unconscious and provoked a bench-clearing brawl.
After two seasons with the Maple Leafs, the Vancouver Canucks claimed Quinn in the 1970 NHL Expansion Draft. He played two seasons in Vancouver, before being again left unprotected in the 1972 NHL Expansion Draft, where he was claimed by the Atlanta Flames and served as team captain. Quinn retired prematurely in 1977 after suffering an ankle injury.
Management and coachingEdit
Quinn became an assistant coach for the Philadelphia Flyers in 1977 under Fred Shero, and was named head coach of the Flyers' American Hockey League (AHL) affiliate, the Maine Mariners, the following season. Quinn returned to the Flyers late that season, however, as head coach of the NHL club (with McCammon going back to Maine), and during the 1979–80 NHL season (his first full season with the Flyers) Quinn led the team to a record breaking 35-game unbeaten streak that culminated in a trip to the 1980 Stanley Cup Finals, where they were upset by the New York Islanders in six games. Quinn won the Jack Adams Award for his effort. He stayed with the Flyers two more years, but was replaced late in the season during his fourth year.
Los Angeles KingsEdit
Quinn briefly left hockey, but remained in the Philadelphia area to attend law school at Widener University. In 1984, he was named head coach of the Los Angeles Kings and went on to finish his degree at the University of San Diego.
In his first season back coaching, Quinn returned the Kings to the playoffs after a two-year absence with a 23-point improvement in the standings. In December 1986, Quinn signed a contract to become the President and General Manager of the Vancouver Canucks for the 1987–88 NHL season while still under contract with the Kings. Quinn, a lawyer, maintained that the Kings had missed a deadline on an option on his contract, which had a clause allowing him to negotiate with other teams. NHL President John Ziegler suspended Quinn for the rest of the season and barred him from taking over Vancouver's hockey operations until June. Ziegler also barred Quinn from coaching anywhere in the NHL until the 1990–91 season. In Ziegler's view, Quinn's actions created a serious conflict of interest that could only be resolved by having him removed as coach. The Kings tried unsuccessfully to sue the Canucks for tampering.
Restricted from coaching, Quinn joined the Canucks the following season in 1987–88 as President and General Manager. He made his first significant transaction, bringing in future franchise goaltender Kirk McLean from the New Jersey Devils along with forward Greg Adams, for centre Patrik Sundström and the Canucks' 1988 fourth-round draft pick (Matt Ruchty), on September 15, 1987. Quinn continued to make an impact in his first two NHL Entry Drafts, selecting future team captain Trevor Linden second overall in 1988 and Pavel Bure 113th overall in 1989. Linden went on to become the franchise's all-time leading scorer and have his jersey retired by the Canucks. Bure, meanwhile, won the Calder Memorial Trophy as league rookie-of-the-year in his first year and recorded three 50-goal seasons with the Canucks and also had his jersey retired.
Bure's selection was highly controversial, however, as Quinn had seemingly chosen him a year ahead of his eligible draft season. At the age of 18, Bure was available to be chosen in the first three rounds of the draft, but in order to be selected any later than that, he would have had to play in at least two seasons (with a minimum of 11 games per season) for his elite-level European club, the Central Red Army. The Canucks' head scout at the time, Mike Penny, discovered that Bure had played in additional exhibition and international games to make him an eligible late-round draft choice a year early, however. Quinn originally intended to draft Bure in the eighth round, but after receiving word that the Edmonton Oilers had similar intentions, he selected him in the sixth. Team executives reportedly stormed the Met Center stage in Minnesota, where the draft was being held, protesting the choice immediately following its announcement. The league investigated the selection and originally deemed it illegal. Quinn and the Canucks appealed the decision and it was not until the eve of the 1990 NHL Entry Draft, in which Bure would have been re-entered, that the draft choice was upheld.
In 1991, with the coaching ban lifted, he took over the head coach position with the Canucks for the remaining 26 games of the 1990–91 season. Entering his first full season as Canucks head coach in 1991–92, Quinn met further resistance regarding Bure, who was set to play his rookie season, from the Soviet Ice Hockey Federation. Soviet officials called for Bure's contract with the Central Red Army and the two sides went to court in October 1991 with the Soviets agreeing to a $250,000 settlement. Quinn signed Bure to a four-year contract soon thereafter, on October 31, worth a reported $2.7 million with an $800,000 signing bonus. Quinn went on to win his second Jack Adams Award as a dramatically improved Canucks squad succeeded in winning the Smythe division. The Canucks repeated as division champions the following season in 1992–93 before appearing in the 1994 Stanley Cup Finals against the New York Rangers. Despite a lackluster regular season in which the Canucks finished with the seventh seed in their conference, the team that had been entirely built by Quinn got past the Calgary Flames, Dallas Stars and Toronto Maple Leafs in the first three rounds. The Canucks pushed the first-overall Rangers to a seven-game series in the final, but lost the seventh and deciding game.
Following his second Stanley Cup Finals appearance, Quinn gave up his coaching duties to focus on his roles as President and General Manager. In the mid-1990s, the Canucks ownership gradually shifted from the Griffiths family to a new group led by John McCaw Jr.. In November 1997, Quinn was fired by the new ownership, with whom Quinn did not see eye-to-eye.
Toronto Maple LeafsEdit
Before the 1998–99 NHL season, Quinn was named head coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs. In his first season, the Maple Leafs improved dramatically, transitioning from a plodding checking team to a speedy scoring team that reached the conference finals, losing to the Buffalo Sabres. He was named a finalist for the Jack Adams Award, and was given the additional duties of General Manager. Quinn took on the General Manager position, reportedly to preempt Leafs President Ken Dryden from hiring his preferred GM which was former Habs teammate Bob Gainey.
Three years later, the Maple Leafs made it to the 2002 Conference Finals, but were eliminated by the Carolina Hurricanes. In August 2003, Quinn was replaced as general manager by John Ferguson Jr., who became the league's youngest general manager at 36, but still retained his coaching duties.
Following the 2004–05 NHL lockout, the Maple Leafs failed to qualify for the playoffs for the first time with Quinn as head coach in 2005–06. As a result, Quinn was fired along with assistant coach and former teammate Rick Ley on April 20, 2006. The Maple Leafs had suffered season-ending injuries from key players Eric Lindros, Jason Allison, Alex Khavanov and Ed Belfour, all of whom had been signed as free agents by Ferguson the preceding off-season. Despite losing all four players to injury, the Maple Leafs finished the season going 9–1–2 with a younger lineup of prospects, many of whom were drafted by Quinn during his tenure as general manager. Aside from Toronto's lack of success, however, it was speculated that the decision to fire Quinn was a result of friction between him and general manager Ferguson (who denied it), as well as a split in the ownership of Maple Leafs Sports and Entertainment with Ferguson being backed by MLSE Chairman Larry Tannebaum and with Quinn being supported by Ken Thompson (whose Woodbridge holding company had planned to but never did increase its stake in MLSE). Amid speculation of his firing leading up to the official announcement, team captain Mats Sundin and veteran Darcy Tucker had both pledged support for Quinn through the media. Under Quinn, the Maple Leafs had consistently been contenders, recording three 100-point seasons and making the playoffs every season until his last, despite never advancing past the conference finals.
At the 2002 Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City, Utah, Quinn coached Team Canada to their first Olympic gold medal since 1952, with a 5–2 victory over Team USA in the gold medal game. He subsequently received a standing ovation from the fans in Montreal for his efforts in his first NHL game back from the Olympics.
Looking to defend their 2002 Olympic gold medal, Hockey Canada chose Quinn once again to coach Team Canada at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin. Despite high expectations, Canada went 3–2 through the preliminary round, losing to Switzerland and Finland, both by 2–0 shutouts, then lost to Russia, again by a 2–0 score, in the quarter-finals.
Without an NHL coaching job, having been let go by the Maple Leafs at the end of the 2005–06 season, Quinn was chosen to coach Team Canada at the 2006 Spengler Cup. They made it to the final game against HC Davos, but lost 3–2.
Two years later, Quinn turned to junior hockey, serving as head coach for Team Canada in the 2008 IIHF World U18 Championships. He led Canada to the finals against Russia, taking the title by an 8–0 score. With established success at the junior international level, Quinn was chosen to coach the Canadian under-20 team for the 2009 World Junior Championships as the host country in Ottawa. He led Canada to an undefeated record in tournament play and a fifth consecutive gold medal, defeating Sweden 5–1 in the final.
After a three-year absence from the NHL, in which he coached for Team Canada's Spengler Cup, under-18 and junior teams, Quinn was named the head coach of the Edmonton Oilers on May 26, 2009, replacing Craig MacTavish. In his first and ultimately only season as head coach of the Oilers, the team finished in last place in the league with a record of 27–47–8.
Quinn graduated with a B.A. in economics in 1972 from York University in Toronto, Ontario, three years after he began his NHL career with the Toronto Maple Leafs. After retiring from his playing career in 1977, Quinn considered law school, but instead accepted a coaching position with the Philadelphia Flyers. Nearly five years later, he was fired by the Flyers in time to take the exam for spring acceptance into law school. Being under contract with the Flyers, his tuition was subsidized by the NHL club. He earned his J.D. degree from the Widener University School of Law, in Delaware.
Quinn died at the Vancouver General Hospital in Vancouver on November 23, 2014, following a long illness. He had been unable to attend the 2014 Hockey Hall of Fame induction ceremony on November 17 due to his illness.
Honours and legacyEdit
- Won Memorial Cup with the Edmonton Oil Kings in 1963 (as a player) and Vancouver Giants in 2007 (as a minority owner).
- Won Jack Adams Award (NHL coach of the year) in 1980 (Philadelphia Flyers) and 1992 (Vancouver Canucks).
- Won Winter Olympic gold medal with Team Canada in 2002 as head coach.
- Won World Cup championship with Team Canada in 2004 as head coach.
- Won IIHF U18 gold medal with Team Canada in 2008 as head coach.
- Won IIHF U20 gold medal with Team Canada in 2009 as head coach.
Quinn is credited with popularizing the terms "upper body injury" and "lower body injury" to describe injuries to his players, terms which are now commonplace around the NHL. The term originated during the 1999 Stanley Cup Playoffs when Quinn described an injury sustained to defenceman Dmitri Yushkevich against the Philadelphia Flyers as an "upper body injury". Quinn said he came up with the term "out of the blue" and said he did so because he was tired of having to talk about injuries (as well as worrying about Yushkevich's safety in a physical series). The NHL allows the descriptors as it does not violate league policy against "misleading information" while also maintaining a player's right to privacy over their medical information. Nevertheless, its usage is controversial around the league. In 2018, the Concussion Legacy Foundation stated that the terms provide confusion concerning concussion symptoms, and Ken Hitchcock, then coach of the Dallas Stars, scrapped the practice in favour of specificity because he believed "(the media) knows what the injury is anyway". That same year, Leafs head coach Mike Babcock said he would continue to use the descriptors, because he says it allows "the right people" to work on the injury without "(the media) confusing things", and Washington Capitals forward T.J. Oshie said he prefers the protection because "there are too many idiots who'd target (the injured area)" if they knew about the injury.
Quinn was a member of the committee that determines who is inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. In 2013, he was named the Chairman of the committee. He himself was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2016.
On June 9, 2005, the city of Hamilton, Ontario, honoured Quinn at a special ceremony at Parkdale Arena, on the corner of Main Street East and Parkdale Avenue North, where the arena was officially renamed the Pat Quinn Parkdale Arena. On June 8, 2006, Quinn returned to his hometown in Hamilton to accept an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from McMaster University. He addressed the convocation of Social Sciences graduates, saying that "education is a toolbox to make career changes. It is good advice for you to follow your dreams, listen to your heart and obey your passion".
On March 17, 2015, before the NHL game between the Philadelphia Flyers and the Vancouver Canucks, the city of Vancouver, British Columbia officially unveiled the new name of the 700-block of Abbott Street located just outside Rogers Arena to "Pat Quinn Way".
In 2015 Dan Robson wrote a biography on Quinn titled "Quinn: The Life of a Hockey Legend."
Regular season and playoffsEdit
|1958–59||Hamilton Tiger Cubs||OHA||20||0||1||1||34||—||—||—||—||—|
|1959–60||Hamilton Tiger Cubs||OHA||27||0||1||1||58||—||—||—||—||—|
|1960–61||Hamilton Kilty B's||MetJHL||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1961–62||Hamilton Kilty B's||MetJHL||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1961–62||Hamilton Tiger Cubs||OHA||1||0||0||0||0||—||—||—||—||—|
|1962–63||Edmonton Oil Kings||CAHL||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1962–63||Edmonton Oil Kings||M-Cup||—||—||—||—||—||19||2||10||12||49|
|1968–69||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||40||2||7||9||95||4||0||0||0||13|
|1969–70||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||59||0||5||5||88||—||—||—||—||—|
|PHI||1978–79||30||18||8||4||—||(95)||2nd in Patrick||3||5||.375||Lost in Quarterfinals|
|PHI||1979–80||80||48||12||20||—||116||1st in Patrick||13||6||.684||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|PHI||1980–81||80||41||24||15||—||97||2nd in Patrick||6||6||.500||Lost in Quarterfinals|
|—||.630||22||17||.564||3 playoff appearances|
|LA||1984–85||80||34||32||14||—||82||4th in Smythe||0||3||.000||Lost in Smythe Semifinals|
|LA||1985–86||80||23||49||8||—||54||5th in Smythe||—||—||—||Missed playoffs|
|.436||0||3||.000||1 playoff appearance|
|VAN||1990–91||26||9||13||4||—||22||4th in Smythe||2||4||.333||Lost in Conference Quarterfinals|
|VAN||1991–92||80||42||26||12||—||96||1st in Smythe||6||7||.462||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|VAN||1992–93||84||46||29||9||—||101||1st in Smythe||6||6||.500||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|VAN||1993–94||84||41||40||3||—||85||2nd Pacific||15||9||.625||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|VAN||1995–96||6||3||3||0||—||(79)||3rd in Pacific||2||4||.333||Lost in Conference Quarterfinals|
|.554||31||30||.508||5 playoff appearances|
|TOR||1998–99||82||45||30||7||—||97||2nd in Northeast||9||8||.529||Lost in Conference Finals|
|TOR||1999–2000||82||45||27||7||3||100||1st in Northeast||6||6||.500||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|TOR||2000–01||82||37||29||11||5||90||3rd in Northeast||7||4||.636||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|TOR||2001–02||82||43||25||10||4||100||2nd in Northeast||10||10||.500||Lost in Conference Finals|
|TOR||2002–03||82||44||28||7||3||98||2nd in Northeast||3||4||.429||Lost in Conference Quarterfinals|
|TOR||2003–04||82||45||24||10||3||103||2nd in Northeast||6||7||.462||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|TOR||2005–06||82||41||33||—||8||90||4th in Northeast||—||—||—||Missed playoffs|
|.591||41||39||.513||6 playoff appearances|
|EDM||2009–10||82||27||47||—||8||62||5th in Northwest||—||—||—||Missed playoffs|
|.378||—||—||—||0 playoff appearances|
|.555||94||89||.514||15 playoff appearances|
- "Big Irishman finds pot of gold (2002 Games: Mens Hockey)". Archived from the original on February 27, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Giants find a way to beat Tigers in time to win Memorial Cup, By Donna Spencer, Canadian Press, retrieved on May 28, 2007
- "Pat Quinn's retirement still in 'development' stage". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on June 22, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Quinn passionate about Memorial Cup's past (www.straight.com)". Archived from the original on August 26, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "50 YEARS LATER: Pat Quinn's hit on Bobby Orr set stage for Leafs-Bruins rivalry". torontosun.com. April 2, 2019.
- "Bruins-Leafs: a dormant rivalry awakens". thestar.com. November 11, 2014.
- "Legends of Hockey Bio: Pat Quinn". Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Pat Quinn's retirement still in 'development' stage (www.canada.com)". Archived from the original on June 22, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "SPORTS PEOPLE; 'Intolerable Position'". New York Times. October 7, 1987. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Say It Isn't So...Pat Quinn (Sports Illustrated: CNN)". Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Anderson, Dave (June 8, 1994). "Richter's Career Save on Bure". New York Times. Retrieved June 21, 2009.
- "Top ten draft-day steals". Vancouver Canucks. Archived from the original on June 20, 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2008.
- Banks, Kerry (1999). Pavel Bure: The Riddle of the Russian Rocket. Vancouver, British Columbia: Douglas & McIntyre. pp. 30–37. ISBN 1-55054-714-3.
- Banks 1999, pp. 60–61
- "The Russian Rocket". CNN Sports Illustrated. December 7, 1992. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
- "Individual Team History: Vancouver Canucks (www.tmlforever.com)". Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Grange, M. (1999, May 06). Toronto's quinn, joseph finalists for NHL awards. The Globe and Mail (1936-Current). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1138898121
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. Retrieved September 28, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 8, 2006. Retrieved December 5, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "TSN: Maple Leafs fire head coach Pat Quinn (www.tsn.ca)". Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Toronto Maple Leafs fire head coach Pat Quinn". CTV. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
- "CBC Sports: Pat Quinn to coach at Spengler Cup (www.cbcsports.ca)". CBC News. December 1, 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Team Canada captures World Cup over Finland". CBC. Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Spengler Cup (Official site)". Archived from the original on December 9, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "International Ice Hockey Federation: Archives (Official site)". Archived from the original on October 2, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Cole, Stephen (2006). The Canadian Hockey Atlas. Doubleday Canada. ISBN 978-0-385-66093-8.
- Johns, Fred. "SLAM SPORTS "In Celebration of John Quinn."". Archived from the original on February 16, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "York University profiles (www.yorku.ca)". Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Ottawa Citizen: Quinn's Hockey Shtik (www.canada.com)". Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- Canadian Press, The (November 24, 2014). "Former NHL player and longtime coach Quinn dies at age 71". TSN. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "Pat Quinn dead at 71". CBC News. November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "The "upper body" injury- from Pat Quinn's brain to NHL lexicon". Toronto Star. March 14, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Some NHL teams hide injury information, but it might be hurting players". Washington Post. January 17, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Legends of Hockey: Induction Showcase- Selection Committee By-Laws (www.legendsofhockey.net)". Archived from the original on December 8, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "Legendary NHL, international coach Quinn dies at 71". NHL. November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "Hamilton's Pat Quinn to be honoured at Arena naming ceremony (www.myhamilton.ca)". Archived from the original on December 18, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "McMaster Daily News: Bob Rae and Pat Quinn to receive honorary degrees (dailynews.mcmaster.ca)". Retrieved August 24, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pat Quinn (ice hockey).|
- Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database
| Atlanta Flames captain
| Head coach of the Philadelphia Flyers
| Winner of the Jack Adams Award
| Head coach of the Los Angeles Kings
| General Manager of the Vancouver Canucks
| Head coach of the Vancouver Canucks
| Winner of the Jack Adams Award
| Head coach of the Vancouver Canucks
| General Manager of the Toronto Maple Leafs
John Ferguson Jr.
| Head coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs
| Head coach of the Edmonton Oilers