Parliament House, New Delhi

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The Parliament House (Hindi: Sansad Bhavan, transl.Parliament Building) in New Delhi is the seat of the Parliament of India. At a distance of 750 meters from Rashtrapati Bhavan, it is located on Sansad Marg which crosses the Central Vista and is surrounded by the India Gate, war memorial, prime minister's office and residence, ministerial buildings and other administrative units of Indian government. It houses the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha which represent lower and upper houses respectively in India's bicameral parliament.

Parliament House
Sansad Bhavan
New Delhi government block 03-2016 img3.jpg
Parliament House, seen from Rajpath
Parliament House, New Delhi is located in Delhi
Parliament House, New Delhi
Former namesHouse of Parliament
Alternative namesParliament Buildings
General information
StatusFunctioning
Architectural styleLutyens' Delhi
AddressSansad Marg, New Delhi, India
Town or cityNew Delhi
Country India
Coordinates28°37′02″N 77°12′29″E / 28.617189°N 77.208084°E / 28.617189; 77.208084
Construction started1921
Opened1927
OwnerBritish India (1927-1947)
Government of India (1950-present)
Design and construction
ArchitectEdwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker
Other information
Seating capacity790

The building was designed by the British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker and was constructed between 1921 and 1927. It was opened in January 1927 as the seat of the Imperial Legislative Council. Following the end of British rule in India, it was taken over by the Constituent Assembly, and then by the Indian Parliament once India's Constitution came into force in 1950.[1]

A new building to house Parliament is under construction directly opposite the current building as part of the Indian government's Central Vista Redevelopment Project.

HistoryEdit

 
The circular House of Parliament in New Delhi, home of the Central Legislative Assembly

Originally called the House of Parliament, it was designed by the British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912-1913 as part of their wider mandate to construct a new administrative capital city for British India. Construction of the Parliament House began in 1921 and it was completed in 1927.

The foundation stone was laid by HRH Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, in February, 1921. It took five years to complete the building. On January 18, 1927, Sir Bhupendra Nath Mitra, Member of the Governor-General's Executive Council, in charge of the Department of Industries and Labour, invited Lord Irwin Viceroy of India to open the building. The third session of Central Legislative Assembly was held in this house on 19 January 1927.[2] [3]

Two floors were added to the structure in 1956 due to a demand for more space.[4]

The Parliament Museum, opened in 2006, stands next to the Parliament House in the building of the Parliamentary Library.

DescriptionEdit

The perimeter of the building is circular, with 144 columns on the outside. At the centre of the building is the circular Central Chamber, and surrounding this Chamber are three semicircular halls that were constructed for the sessions of the Chamber of Princes (now used as the Library Hall), the State Council (now used for the Rajya Sabha), and the Central Legislative Assembly (now used for the Lok Sabha). The building is surrounded by large gardens and the perimeter is fenced off by sandstone railings (jali).[5]

Some sources speculate that the design of the building was inspired by the Chausath Yogini temple in Morena.[6]

The current building is planned to be converted into a Museum of Democracy after the new Parliament House is operational.[7]

New parliament buildingEdit

BackgroundEdit

Proposals for a new parliament building to replace Parliament House emerged in the early 2010s as a result of questions being asked about the stability of the original structure.[8] In 2012, a committee was assembled by the then-Speaker, Mira Kumar, to suggest and assess several alternatives to the usage of the building.[9]

CommencementEdit

In 2019, the Indian government launched the Central Vista Redevelopment Project, a multi-billion dollar project to redevelop the Central Vista, India's central administrative area near Raisina Hill, New Delhi. The construction of a new parliament building, as well as redeveloping the Rajpath will create a new office and residence for the Indian prime minister, as well as combining all ministerial buildings in a single central secretariat.[10]

The groundbreaking ceremony for the new building was held in October 2020 and the foundation stone was laid on 10 December 2020.[11][12]

IncidentsEdit

2001 terror attackEdit

On 13 December 2001, the Parliament House was attacked by five Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists. In addition to all the attackers, six military personnel and one civilian were killed.[13]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Anisha Dutta (31 January 2020). "New Parliament complex may seat 1,350 members". Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  2. ^ "History of the Parliament of Delhi". delhiassembly.nic.in. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  3. ^ Chopra, Prabha (1976). "Delhi Gazetteer".
  4. ^ Patel, Shivam; Lakhani, Somya (24 January 2020). "Diversity, efficiency, flexibility: The brief for redeveloping New Delhi's Central Vista". The Indian Express. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Parliament House: 144 pillars of pride". Hindustan Times. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  6. ^ Bapat, Arun (9 August 2012). "Government should have confidence in this House". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Construction of new Parliament building: Shaping the Central Vista". The Financial Express. 16 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Delhi may see a new Parliament building". The Times of India. 13 July 2012. Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  9. ^ Firstpost (13 July 2012). "Speaker sets up panel to suggest new home for Parliament". Firstpost. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  10. ^ "Central Vista Redevelopment Project". Drishti IAS. 23 April 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  11. ^ PTI (1 October 2020). "Groundwork For New Parliament Building Begins, To Be Completed In 22 Months". BloombergQuint. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  12. ^ Mathew, Liz (6 December 2020). "PM Modi to lay foundation stone for new Parliament building on December 10". The Indian Express. New Delhi. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Terrorists attack Parliament; five intruders, six cops killed". rediff.com. 13 December 2001. Retrieved 13 December 2013.

External linksEdit