Parand (Persian: پرند‎) is a planned city in Robat Karim County, Tehran Province, Iran. Its toponym means "natural silk".


Parand is located in Iran
Coordinates: 35°28′36″N 50°56′51″E / 35.47667°N 50.94750°E / 35.47667; 50.94750Coordinates: 35°28′36″N 50°56′51″E / 35.47667°N 50.94750°E / 35.47667; 50.94750
CountyRobat Karim
 (2016 Census)
 • Total97,464[1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)


The city is intended to provide residences for the staff of Imam Khomeini International Airport, and to create a balance in the settlement pattern of Tehran, establish an appropriate environment to draw in the extra population of Tehran and offer an alternative to unsystematic settlements. Parand is expected to accommodate 80,000 citizens across 1,467 hectares.

The plan was a well-planned city which responds to the community’s needs. It aims to host low-income families (laborers’ and employees’ housing cooperatives) by providing low-priced residential units with bank loans thereby attracting various classes of people. In 2019, the city has not yet attained those goals.[citation needed]

On January 8, 2020, Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 crashed approximately 15 kilometres north-east of the city shortly after takeoff from nearby Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport, killing all 176 people onboard.[2] A video of a missile hitting the plane was recorded from the city.[3][4][5]


The city of Parand is situated 10 km west from Robat Karim (situated 35 km south-west from Tehran) on the way to Saveh and it has about 13,000 students in Islamic Azad University of Parand. The city is also accessible from Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport via the Tehran-Qom freeway.

Parand is divided into a number of areas namely an urban texture, greenery, town services, regional services and industrial district.


  1. ^ "Latest Releases". Statistical Center of Iran. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  2. ^ Safi, Michael (January 8, 2020). "Iran plane crash: Ukraine Boeing with more than 160 on board comes down near Tehran". The Guardian.
  3. ^ "Video Shows Ukrainian Plane Being Hit Over Iran". New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Video appears to show Ukrainian airliner being hit". CNN. 9 January 2020. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Cellphone video purports to show moment plane struck by Iranian missile" on YouTube

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