Panay Railways Inc. is a government-owned and controlled corporation of the Philippines headquartered in La Paz, Iloilo City on the island of Panay. It is a subsidiary of Phividec Railways Inc. of the Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation (Philvedec). The railway currently doesn't operate any trains but it leases the property that it owns and the revenue is used to defray the personnel and administrative costs incurred from looking after its assets.
|Formerly||Philippine Railway Company Incorporated|
|Founded||Hartford, Connecticut, USA (March 5, 1906 )|
|Antonio Balgos, Chairperson |
Averill Amor, CEO
|Total assets||₱292,953,706.96 (2020)|
|Total equity||₱273,630,089.56 (2020)|
|Owner||Government of the Philippines|
Number of employees
|Parent||Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation|
The company has been owned in succession by the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation which became the Development Bank of the Philippines (1945–74), and then it was sold to the Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation (Philvedec) (1974–79) In 1979, management and operations were transferred to the Philippine Sugar Commission (Philsucom) which changed the company's name to the current Panay Railways, Inc. On September 26, 1995, PHIVIDEC re-took ownership of Panay Railways from the Sugar Regulatory Administration, Philsucom's successor.
In December 1905, a syndicate composed of William Salomon and Company, International Banking Corporation, Heidelbach, Ickelheimer and Company, Cornelius Vanderbilt III, Charles M. Swift, H. R. Wilson, and J. G. White and Company was the sole bidder for the right to construct railroads on Cebu, Panay and Negros. In 1906, the syndicate was awarded the concession and the Philippine Railway Company Inc. was incorporated in the state of Connecticut, United States on March 5, 1906
The company became part of a "Manila syndicate", a collection of Philippine infrastructure companies including the Manila Electric Railway and Light Company, the Manila Construction Company, and the Manila Suburban Railways Company. Later the Philippine Railways Construction Company was added.
Construction began on a railroad from Iloilo City to Roxas City in Capiz with crews working from both cities and meeting in the middle in 1907. Crews working from the north and south met at the railway track's highest elevation in a flag stop near Passi's border with Dumarao, later called Summit. Operations began immediately upon completion.
In 1937, after three decades of operations, the railroad had not yet earned a profit.
In 1939, three individuals were convicted in a fraud scheme involving bonds from the then Philippine Railway Company. In 1937, bonds in the "sick, sugary-hauling road" were selling for about US$11 and were about to mature apparently worthless. The price of the bonds then rose rapidly to $31 a share because of rumors that the Philippine Commonwealth would buy them for $65. Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel Quezon denied the rumor and the bonds crashed. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission launched an investigation and William P. Buckner Jr. and William J. Gillespie, members of the bondholders protective committee, were convicted of mail fraud and conspiracy. Also convicted of a lesser charge was Filipino Felipe Abreu Buencamino, whip of the Philippine Assembly and confidant of President Quezon, who allegedly received $50,000 (equivalent to $942,477 in 2021) to cooperate with the plan.
In 1974, then President Ferdinand Marcos entrusted its ownership, management and operations to Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation (PHIVIDEC) under DBP BR No. 3463, s. of 1974 as amended by BR No. 3593, s. of 1974. In consideration of DBP's transfer of the railway to PHIVIDEC and pursuant to a Deed of Assignment dated December 12, 1974, PHIVIDEC issued to DBP shares of stocks worth ₱5 million, PHIVIDEC spun off its transport division and organized a subsidiary corporation, Phividec Railways, Inc. In 1976, DBP extended to Phividec Railways, Inc. a ₱5.500 million Industrial Loan and a ₱4.000 million Guaranty Loan for the rehabilitation of the railroad tracks and acquisition of additional rolling stocks, as well as, major equipment. As security for the subject loan accommodation, Phividec Railways, Inc. mortgaged some of its assets in favor of DBP. On March 8, 1977, Phividec Railways, Inc. mortgaged in favor of DBP certain machinery and equipment located in Iloilo City and parcels of land.
On May 12, 1979, then President Marcos approved the sale of PHIVIDEC's share in the Phividec Railways, Inc. to the Philippine Sugar Commission (PHILSUCOM). This covered the conversion of its ₱45 million DBP loan into equity either in the form of cumulative preferred shares or common shares with defined representation. Pursuant thereto, an agreement to sell 4,200,000 PHIVIDEC shares was entered into on May 25, 1979 by PHIVIDEC and PHILSUCOM, subject among others, the assumption by the latter of the obligations of the former with DBP and to guarantee the payment of such financial accommodations. Thereafter, Phividec Railways, Inc. changed its corporate name to Panay Railways, Incorporated (PRI).
In compliance, thereto, PRI issued stock certificates aggregating to ₱53.727 million on various dates, the latest of which was issued on June 19, 1984. Despite the prohibition contained in the aforementioned Deed of Undertaking, PRI obtained a loan from the Traders Royal Bank (TRB) in the amount of ₱20.000 million and executed a Real Estate Mortgage on April 20, 1982. In July 1985, PRI ceased operation due to mounting losses and cash flow problems.
In 1989 freight operations ceased.
In May 1986, by virtue of Executive Order No. 18, then President Corazon Aquino abolished the PHILSUCOM and created the Sugar Regulatory Administration (SRA) which assumed trusteeship of assets and records of PRI. By virtue of the Deed of Transfer dated February 27, 1987 executed by DBP pursuant to Presidential Proclamation No. 50 as amended and by Administrative Order No. 14, the National Government (NG) was mandated to take title and possession of all shares of stocks of PRI.
During the meeting with then President Benigno Aquino III on September 28, 2015, the abolition of PRI had already been approved in principle. However, pending the issuance of a formal document approving such abolition, and the subsequent revocation of its certificate of registration with the SEC, PRI must follow the pertinent provisions of the Corporation Code and the Labor Code with respect to the procedure in closing down a corporation and separating its employees. On February 15, 2016, a memorandum from Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr. to Chairman Cesar L. Villanueva of the Governance Commission for Government Owned or Controlled Corporations (GCG) on the subject of Abolition of PRI stated, among others, the 1) approval by the Office of the President through the Executive Secretary of the GCG’s recommendation to abolish PRI and 2) the creation of a Technical Working Group (TWG) composed of representatives from various government agencies to coordinate with the GCG to implement the activities of abolition. The PRI Board of Directors and Management continue to manage and maintain to preserve the assets of the PRI until further instructions from the GCG on the implementation of the abolition.
PRI has 10 regular employees, and 1 job order employee as of December 31, 2020.
On March 24, 2022, Panay Railways announced its opening to foreign ownership to reconstruct its former train lines. This will undergo a two-phase reconstruction from Iloilo City to Roxas, Capiz, and from Roxas to Caticlan in Malay, Aklan.
|Owner||Panay Railways, Inc.|
|Stations||19 permanent and 10 flagstops|
|Line length||117 km (73 mi)|
|Number of tracks||1|
|Track gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)|
The original route was 117 kilometers (73 mi) long, included 19 permanent and 10 flag stations and connected the then-towns of La Paz and Jaro (now districts of Iloilo City), Pavia, Santa Barbara, New Lucena, Pototan, Dingle, Dueñas and Passi in Iloilo and Dumarao, Dao, Panitan, Cuartero and Loctugan in Capiz. It reached Roxas City. It had a total of 46 bridges. In Iloilo City, the trains ended at passenger terminal along the wharf next to the Customs House and near where the current fast ferry terminal and the Iloilo City Hall. Trains ran across Drilon Bridge from La Paz and down the bank of the Iloilo River to Muelle Loney in the Port of Iloilo. In the 1980s, a 12-kilometer spur was constructed from Duenas to Calinog, Iloilo to serve a sugar refinery in Iloilo. Operations ceased in 1983.
Since ceasing operations, the company has continued to exist and periodically announces plans to rebuild the railway, either along the original route or with a change to include a connection to the Iloilo International Airport. Some plans include a second phase to extend the line from Roxas City to the Caticlan port, from where ferries to the resort island of Boracay depart. As of 2014, the Philippine national government was opposed to any rebuilding of the line because it is expensive and not economically viable.
On March 3, 2005, the demolition of 44 of 46 bridges was begun. The bridge in Passi City was spared because of its historical value as an execution site of Philippine guerrillas by Japanese occupation forces during World War II. The Drilon Bridge was also excluded as it had been donated to Iloilo City. The demolition of the bridges was done as the first part of a planned rebuilding of the rail line. The rebuilding has not taken place. In 2015, the mayor of Iloilo, Jed Patrick E. Mabilog, said "We’re talking with the PPP (Public-Private Partnership) Center about connecting Iloilo to the rest of the island of Panay by rail."
Like many railways, Panay Railways owns property. The railway right-of-way stretching from Iloilo City to Roxas is 30 meters wide. Further, it owns lands used for stations, terminals and rail yards. It currently leases its property to landless households (among others) from which it derives revenue to defray the personnel and administrative costs of looking after its assets. As of 2012, they had more than 4,000 lessees, all of which are only allowed to build buildings of light materials and must vacate the property if needed to reestablish the railway. In April 2014, the city government of Iloilo City agreed to purchase a 2,000 sq m lot, located along Muelle Loney near the Iloilo City Hall, owned Panay Railways for 24,446,250 Philippine pesos. The statue of Nicholas Loney that stands on the lot will not be moved but the Bureau of Fire Protection station also on the lot might be. This lot used to be a location of a terminal of the rail line.
|Owner||Panay Railways, Inc.|
|Line length||92 km (57 mi)|
|Track gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)|
The Philippine Railway Company, along with operating the Panay line, operated a line in Cebu for about 30 years from 1911 to 1942, when operations ceased because of the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II. The line ran from Argao in the south, through Cebu City, then to Danao in the north. The line was built by the related Philippine Railways Construction Company.
Central Station was at the corner of Leon Kilat and P. Del Rosario streets, which is what now the South Bus Terminal, CityMall Bacalso, the Elizabeth Mall, and the SSS building. There was a short spur from there to the port. From Argao (where the station is now the town's fire station), the tracks went north and ran to Sab-ang, Sibonga (the station is now a library of Simala Elementary School); Valladolid, Carcar (the station is now a restaurant); Cebu City; then ending at Sitio Estasyonan, Danao, with the sitio's name from "station". The Rotunda in the poblacion of Danao was where the train would turn around, giving the place its name.
During World War II, the bridges, tracks and Central Station were all struck by bombs with damage so extensive that the railway never recovered. The Cebu line was a historic and groundbreaking rail that heritage advocates have been pushing for its reconstruction since the late 1970s up to the 21st century.
Remains of tracks in Pavia, Iloilo, 2012
- "Panay Island Railway System Project Revival A Potential Tourism Booster". Manila Bulletin. March 26, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- "Ang kasaysayan ng Panay Railways Incorporated". Department of Trade and Communication via the Philippine Railways Blog (an advocacy website). June 5, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Salvilla, Rex S. (July 28, 2006). "Panay Railways". The News Today. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- Valencia, Lynda (January 30, 2000). "DOTC revive Panay Railway to the tune of P3 billion". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- McIntyre, Capt. Frank (July 1907). "Railroads in the Philippine Islands". The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. XXX (American Colonial Policy and Administration): 52–61. doi:10.1177/000271620703000106. JSTOR 1010633. S2CID 143192158.
- "G.R. No. L-10045 March 25, 1916 (decision of the Supreme Court)". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Swaine, Robert T. (2005). The Cravath firm and its predecessors, 1819–1947. Clark, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange. ISBN 9781584777137.
- "PHILIPPINE RAILWAY FACES RECEIVERSHIP; Manila Government Is Reported Planning to Force Insolvency as Bonds Mature, Unpaid". New York Times. July 1, 1937. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- "SCANDALS: Gaiety & Honesty". Time Magazine. July 10, 1939. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Angelo, Francis Allan L. (October 30, 2005). "PANAY RAILWAY REHAB NEXT YEAR". The Daily Guardian. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- Marzan, Joseph (March 24, 2022). "Panay Railways chief open to foreign ownership to rehab defunct rail system". Daily Guardian. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
- Funtecha, Ph.D., Henry F. (December 12, 2008). "Public land transportation in Iloilo in the 1930s". The News Today. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Panay railways Incorporated". Retrieved May 17, 2014. Has map showing route through La Paz and the City Proper. In Japanese
- Mateo, Wenceslao E. (April 5, 2014). "City eyes another P24-M lot purchase". The Daily Guardian. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/707528/mayor-pushes-rail-system-for-entire-panay-island Mayor pushes rail system for entire Panay Island
- Burgos Jr., Nestor P. (April 16, 2012). "Roxas says no to revival of Panay trains but yes to new toll highway". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Panay Railways to amend contract with lessees". PNA and Philippine Times of Southern Nevada. March 26, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Cebu Is. PHILIPPINES RAILWAY Co". Retrieved May 17, 2014. Has map showing roughly the route. In Japanese.
- Palmera, Erica Jean (May 15, 2014). "The old Cebu Railway". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on July 12, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Canonigo, J. P. "A Cartographic Search of Cebu's "Lost Railway"". Istoryadista | History Blog | Cebu Blogger. Retrieved November 23, 2022.
- Photos of Panay Railways in the 1980s from Flickriver
- Panay Railway articles and photos from the Philippine Railway Historical Society
- More Panay Railway photos from Flickr
- History and maps of the three Philippine railroads from an amateur historian
- Video on YouTube Video of photos from the Cebu rail line
A few pages from one railfan site with photos, maps and more information:
- http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~Philrail/siraipanai.htm – photos of Panay Railways, in Japanese
- http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~Philrail/panayrail.htm – photos from 2002 of Panay Railways including bridges, in Japanese
- http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~Philrail/panay_2004.htm – map and photos of Panay Railways line through Iloilo City, including along Muelle Loney, in Japanese
- http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~Philrail/Philippines_r_cebu.htm – map and photos showing Cebu rail line, in Japanese