Dingle, Iloilo

Dingle (IPA: [diŋˈlɛʔ]), officially the Municipality of Dingle (Kinaray-a: Banwa ka Dingle, Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Dingle, Tagalog: Bayan ng Dingle), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 45,965 people. [3]

Dingle
Municipality of Dingle
Official seal of Dingle
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Spelunker's Paradise
Anthem:
  • Town of Dingle
  • Dingle nga Matahom
Map of Iloilo with Dingle highlighted
Map of Iloilo with Dingle highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Dingle is located in Philippines
Dingle
Dingle
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°03′N 122°40′E / 11.05°N 122.67°E / 11.05; 122.67Coordinates: 11°03′N 122°40′E / 11.05°N 122.67°E / 11.05; 122.67
CountryPhilippines
RegionWestern Visayas
ProvinceIloilo
District 4th district
Founded1593
Established1823
Chartered1907
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRufino P. Palabrica III
 • Vice MayorQuindialem D. Villanueva
 • RepresentativeBraeden John Q. Biron
 • Electorate27,376 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total98.37 km2 (37.98 sq mi)
Elevation
56 m (184 ft)
Highest elevation
318 m (1,043 ft)
Lowest elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total45,965
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Households
10,365
Demonym(s)Filipino: Dingleanon, Taga-Dingle
Spanish: Dingleño(-a)
Economy
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence21.79% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱123,694,999.35 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityIloilo 2 Electric Cooperative (ILECO 2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5035
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)33
Climate typeTropical climate
Native languagesKinaray-a
Hiligaynon
Tagalog
Websitewww.dingle.gov.ph

The town is known for its baroque-architecture church and its archaeological cave sites, such as the Lapuz Lapuz Cave, famous for revealing hunter-gatherer lives of the ancient people of Panay.

HistoryEdit

Dingle started as a pre-colonial settlement of Sumandig, which was under the jurisdiction of Simsiman, a pueblo of Laglag.[5] The settlement was also known as Sibucao, Ba-ong, and Orvat. The Augustinian priest, Fr. Francisco Manuel Blanco, first founded Dingle as a visita of Pototan in 1593. Dingle became independent on April 23, 1611. In 1629 however, it was annexed to Dumangas, Iloilo and to Dueñas, Iloilo in 1641 (until 1825). On August 16, 1850, by order of Governor General of the Philippines Antonio de Urbiztondo, Dingle again became independent and was officially named the town of Dingle. The first town head was Julio Dator (1823–1827). In 1865, Fr. Fernando Llorente ordered the construction of the Dingle Catholic Church which was completed in 1886.

During the second phase Philippine Revolution against Spain, during the Spanish–American War, Dingle staged the first armed uprising in the Province of Iloilo. Now known as the "Cry of Lincud", the revolt occurred in Barrio Lincud on October 28, 1898. Today the event is commemorated as a special non-working holiday.[6][7] The leaders of the uprising were Adriano Hernández, Julio Hernández, and Nicolas Roces. Adriano Hernández later became a brigadier general in the Philippine Revolutionary Army. He then represented the province at the Malolos Congress. Later, he was appointed Director of the Bureau of Agriculture. Today, his statue stands inside the Philippine Army's Camp General Adriano D. Hernandez in Dingle, which is named in his honor.

Under the Americans, Dingle was annexed to Pototan, Iloilo, the latter being larger and more prosperous. Nonetheless, through the efforts of Gen. Adriano Hernandez, the separation of the town from Pototan was given impetus in 1907.

In 1954, the sitio of Nazuni was converted into a barrio and was added as a barangay of Dingle.[8]

GeographyEdit

The topography of Dingle is relatively rolling hills and narrow plains from the Poblacion. The flat lands extend along the Jalaur River through its borderline to the southeast. This starts to roll upward from the Poblacion going to the north-west. From the west of the Poblacion rises the slopes, steep and mountainous. This indicates that the topography of Dingle meets a certain type-cropping pattern.

Dingle is 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Iloilo City.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Dingle, Iloilo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57
(2.2)
37
(1.5)
41
(1.6)
42
(1.7)
98
(3.9)
155
(6.1)
187
(7.4)
162
(6.4)
179
(7.0)
188
(7.4)
114
(4.5)
78
(3.1)
1,338
(52.8)
Average rainy days 12.0 7.7 9.2 10.2 19.5 24.6 26.9 25.1 25.5 25.2 18.0 13.0 216.9
Source: Meteoblue [9]

BarangaysEdit

Dingle is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.

  • Abangay
  • Agsalanan
  • Agtatacay
  • Alegria
  • Bongloy
  • Buenavista
  • Caguyuman
  • Calicuang
  • Camambugan
  • Dawis
  • Ginalinan Nuevo
  • Ginalinan Viejo
  • Gutao
  • Ilajas
  • Libo-o
  • Licu-an
  • Lincud
  • Matangharon
  • Moroboro
  • Namatay
  • Nazuni
  • Pandan
  • Poblacion
  • Potolan
  • San Jose
  • San Matias
  • Siniba-an
  • Tabugon
  • Tambunac
  • Tanghawan
  • Tiguib
  • Tinocuan
  • Tulatula-an

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Dingle
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,129—    
1918 13,333+0.63%
1939 16,698+1.08%
1948 18,475+1.13%
1960 19,748+0.56%
1970 23,375+1.70%
1975 26,368+2.45%
1980 29,179+2.05%
1990 35,415+1.96%
1995 35,639+0.12%
2000 38,311+1.56%
2007 40,828+0.88%
2010 43,290+2.15%
2015 45,335+0.88%
2020 45,965+0.27%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][11][12][13]

In the 2020 census, the population of Dingle, Iloilo, was 45,965 people, [3] with a density of 470 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,200 inhabitants per square mile.

EducationEdit

Private SchoolsEdit

  • Mater Carmeli School - Dingle

TertiaryEdit

  • Iloilo State College of Fisheries - Dingle Campus

SecondaryEdit

  • Calicuang National High School
  • Dingle National High School
  • Rufino G. Palabrica Sr. National High School
  • Tabugon National High School

PrimaryEdit

  • Abangay Elementary School
  • Agsalanan Elementary School
  • Agustin Muyco Elementary School (Lincud Elementary School)
  • Agtatacay-Gutao Elementary School (Agtatacay Elementary School)
  • Alegria Elementary School
  • Bongloy Elementary School
  • Calicuang Elementary School
  • Camambugan Elementary School
  • Dingle Central Elementary School (Dayot-Jalandoni Elementary School)
  • Ilajas Elementary School
  • Isabel Roces Memorial Elementary School
  • Libo-o Elementary School
  • Matangharon Elementary School
  • Moroboro Elementary School
  • Muyco-Daguro Elementary School (Caguyuman Elementary School)
  • Nazuni Elementary School
  • Potolan Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • San Matias Elementary School (Licu-an Elementary School)
  • Siniba-an Elementary School
  • Sra. Consolacion Muyco Aportadera Memorial Elementary School
  • Tabugon Elementary School
  • Tinocuan Elementary School
  • White Elementary School

InfrastructureEdit

PowerEdit

The Panay Diesel Power Plant located at Tinocuan and Tabugon, Dingle provides 110 megawatts of electricity to Panay. The power plant is operated by the National Power Corporation.

WaterEdit

Two natural springs, the Lubong-Tubig and Talinab, serve as water source for the Dingle-Pototan Water District. While the Jalaur Irrigation Dam, also known as Moroboro Dam, built in 1955, provides irrigation to the agricultural lands of Dingle and nearby towns.

LandmarksEdit

Bulabog Putian National ParkEdit

Bulabog Putian is the only limestone rock formation on Panay. It was designated a National Park through Congressional Bill No. 1651, and such is considered a "nationally significant area." It occupies a land area of 834.033 hectares covering five of the 33 barangays of Dingle. The park contains 13 known caves namely: Lungib, Hapu-Hapo, Ma-arhong, Guiso, Maestranza, Linganero, Lapuz Lapuz, Ticondal, Butac, Tuco, San Roque, Pitong Liko and Nautod. The Maeztranza Cave is historically important as it served as a hide-out of the revolutionary forces during the Spanish colonial period and on its stone walls are inscriptions of the revolutionary troops.

Mt. ManyakiyaEdit

Mount Manyakiya is a natural viewing deck that provides a panoramic view of Negros Island as well as the low lying towns of the province of Iloilo. Nautod Wall, one of the major rock-climbing destination in the Philippines, can be found here.

WaterEdit

  • Lake Bito
  • Jalaur River
  • Lubong-Tubig Spring
  • Talinab Spring

HistoricalEdit

  • Memorial to the Cry of Lincud Heroes
  • Dingle Parish Church – Finished in 1886, this church, a fine example of Filipino baroque adaptation, is made of limestones from Bulabog Mountain, painstakingly carried by the early parishioners through narrow, steep, and dangerous trails to the present site.

Other landmarksEdit

  • The Hanging Bridge is a ruined post-WWII bridge that traverses the Jalaur River.
  • Camp Pasica is a 13-hectare Girl Scout Camp.
  • Camp Hernandez is a 37-hectare military training camp of the Armed Forces of the Philippines named in honor of the revolutionary hero, Gen. Adriano D. Hernández.
  • Museo de Dingle

CultureEdit

FestivalsEdit

The Dingle Town Fiesta is celebrated every 24th day of June in honor of its patron saint, John the Baptist.

The Pagdihon Festival is a celebration in commemoration of the Cry of Lincud, the first revolt against the Spaniards in Panay. It is held every 4th week of October.

List of Town ExecutivesEdit

GobernadorcillosEdit

Order Name Years in Office
1 Julio Dator 1823-1827
2 Buenaventura Osano 1827-1829
3 Marcelino Dayot 1829-1835
4 Magdaleno Muyco 1835-1843
5 Buenaventura Osano 1843-1845
6 Alejandro Daraug 1845-1851
7 Magdaleno Muyco 1851-1853
8 Luís Cantalicio Dayot 1853-1861
9 Alejandro Daraug 1863-1865
10 Domingo Osano 1865-1869
11 Luís Cantalicio Dayot 1869-1873
12 Santiago Sanico 1873-1879
13 Tomás Sanico 1879-1885
14 Santiago Sanico 1885-1887
15 Julián Dalipe 1887-1893

Capitán municipalEdit

In 1893, the Maura Law was passed to reorganize town governments with the aim of making them more effective and autonomous. The law changed the title of chief executive of the town from gobernadorcillo to capitán municipal.[14]

Order Name Years in Office
16 Gabriel Sinoy 1894-1898

Capitán del barrioEdit

Dingle was reduced to the status of barrio from 1903 to 1908 after it was merged with the Municipality of Pototan by virtue of Act No. 719.[15]

Order Name Years in Office
Nicolás Roces

Presidentes municipalEdit

The Municipality of Dingle was re-established in 1908 after Iloilo 4th District Assemblyman Adriano Hernández succeeded in persuading Governor-General James Francis Smith to issue an executive order separating Dingle from Pototan.[16]

Order Name Years in Office
Maximiliano Dayot 1908-1912
Tomás Sanico 1912-1915
Vicente Dayot 1915-1918
José Dayot 1918-1925
Luís Dayot 1925-1928
Cipriano Montero, Sr. 1928-1931
Julio D. Muyco 1931-1937
Cristino Abelardo M. Aportadera 1937-1940

Municipal MayorsEdit

Order Name Years in Office
Julio D. Muyco 1940-1946
Julián Masna 1946-1947
Alfonso M. Espino 1947-1957
Numeriano D. Dator 1957-1959
Leonardo M. Aportadera 1959-1963
Rufino A. Palabrica, Jr. 1963-1967
Roberto A. Palabrica, Sr. 1968-1986
José Aportadera 1986-1988
Teodoro Luntao, Jr. 1988-1992
Henry Anotado 1992-2001
Robin Solinap 2001-2007
Rufino Palabrica, III 2007-2016
Jessie Alecto 2016-2018
Rufino Palabrica, III 2018–present

Notable PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Dingle | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ Dueñas.http://vicilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-1.html
  6. ^ "House of Representatives, H. No. 5650" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-21.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Proclamation No. 253 by the President of the Philippines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-25. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
  8. ^ "An Act Creating the Barrio of Nasumi in the Municipality of Dingle, Province of Iloilo". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  9. ^ "Dingle: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Iloilo". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ Laurel, José (1926). Local government in the Philippine Islands. Manila: La Pilarica Press. pp. 30, 36–37.
  15. ^ "Act No. 719, April 04, 1903". Supreme Court E-Library. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  16. ^ Sonza, Demy (2001). Adriano Hernandez: A Hero in War and in Peace. Iloilo City: Local History and Biography Foundation. p. 173.

External linksEdit