Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority
The Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authorityپاکستان نیوکلیئر ریگولیٹری اتھارٹى; Acronym: PNRA), is mandated by Government of Pakistan to regulate use of nuclear energy, radioactive sources and use of ionizing radiations. The mission of PNRA is to protect the public, radiation workers and environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiations by formulating and implementing effective regulations and building a relationship of trust with the licensees and maintain transparency in its actions and decisions.
|Headquarters||Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory|
Although, the concept of nuclear regulatory existed in 1965 but it gained full government commission in 2001, with the establishment Nuclear Command Authority. Headquartered in Islamabad, this agency was established in 2001 after President Justice (retired) Rafiq Tarar signed the executive decree "Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority Ordinance No.III" in 2000, and was first opened its operation in 2001.
The nuclear regulatory infrastructure has been in place since 1965, when the Pakistan Research Reactor was commissioned in 1965. Founded and established first by the Pakistani scientists, the nuclear regulatory regime was significantly improved when, in 1971, the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant was commissioned. Since then, the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission had established the nuclear safety and licensing division at PAEC Headquarters, Islamabad as the de facto regulatory. The Nuclear Regulatory Authority was upgraded to Directorate of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection" (DNSRP) after the promulgation of Pakistan Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Ordinance 1984 by the Presidential Order.
In 1994, Pakistan signed the Convention on Nuclear Safety. As part of the convention, the Directorate of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection became part of the Government of Pakistan's federal agency. It was to establish an independent nuclear regulatory body entrusted with the implementation of the legislative and regulatory framework governing nuclear power and radiation use in the country, and further to separate the regulatory functions from the promotional aspects of the nuclear programme.
In 1995,(immediately after signing Nuclear Convention 1994) The Atomic Energy Agency (PAEC) had itself established the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Board (PNRB) within PAEC. PNRB was established to oversee the regulatory affairs. Complete separation of promotion and regulatory functions and responsibilities was achieved in 2001, when the President of Pakistan promulgated the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority Ordinance No.III of 2001. Consequently, Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA) was created, dissolving the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Board and Directorate of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. The first chairman of PNRA was Jamshed Azim Hashmi who headed the authority till 2009. In 2009, the chairmanship was transferred to Anwar Habib. In 2017, Zaheer Ayub Baig took charge as Chairman PNRA.
The Nuclear Regulatory Authority's Directorate of International Cooperation (ICD) is responsible for arranging international training and international cooperation. The ICD facilitates completion of all formalities regarding training or visits (official), abroad of PNRA officials. The ICD takes care of passport and visa issues of the PNRA officials, clearances from the government departments and departure formalities, and liaison with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for departure formalities.
ICD also liaise with other governmental departments regarding visits of experts coming to PNRA from the International Atomic Energy Agency and through bilateral agreements, from other regulatory bodies. It coordinates with Pakistani Embassies abroad for visas, concerned government departments for security matters, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and IAEA.
PNRA is headed by the Chairman since its inception in 2001. Following is the list of PNRA chairmen and their respective tenures.
|Numbers||Name||Term Start||Term End||Field|
|1||Jamshed Azim Hashmi||2001||2009||Nuclear Engineering|
|2||Anwar Habib, H.I.||2009||2017||Nuclear Engineering|
|3||Zaheer Ayub Baig, H.I.||2017||Nuclear Engineering|
Full Time MembersEdit
|Sr.||Name||Term Start||Term End||Official Designation|
|2||Faizan Mansoor||May 2016||Present||Member Executive|
|1||Mohammad Saleem Zafar||May 2017||Present||Member Corporate|
Nuclear Facilities under Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory AuthorityEdit
|Nuclear power reactors||Type||Location||Construction started||Commercial operations|
|PARR-I||MRT/SPR||Nilore, Islamabad Capital Territory||December 21, 1965||June 22, 1966|
|PARR-II||MNSR/Slowpoke||Nilore, Islamabad Capital Territory||January 21, 1974||June 26, 1974|
|PIEAS-I||NS/SPR||Nilore, Islamabad Capital Territory||December 21, 1967||June 22, 1968|
|KANUPP-I||PHWR||Paradise Point, Sindh Province||August 1, 1966||December 7, 1972|
|KANUPP-II||PWR||Paradise Point, Sindh Province||August 10, 2015||N/A|
|KANUPP-III||PWR||Paradise Point, Sindh Province||November 4, 2015||N/A|
|CHASNUPP-I||PWR||Chashma City, Punjab Province||August 1, 1993||September 15, 2000|
|CHASNUPP-II||PWR||Chashma City, Punjab Province||December 28, 2005||August 31, 2011|
|CHASNUPP-III||PWR||Chashma City, Punjab Province||April 28, 2009||N/A|
|CHASNUPP-IV||PWR||Chashma City, Punjab Province||December 18, 2011||N/A|
|NPFC-I||NR||Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory||December 10, 2010||January 1, 2011|
- "GEO Pakistan:Chinese explosive scanners called in question". Independent Media Corporation and Jang Group of Newspapers. GEO News. July 1, 2010. Archived from the original on July 4, 2010.
- "Pakistan is safe from hazards of radioactive rays: experts". The Daily News. Lahore, Punjab: Jang News Group. 43: 7. March 4, 2008.
- Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority. "International Cooperation". Archived from the original on February 13, 2006.
- Reactor Database Retrieved 2019-07-09.