The PTRS-41 or Simonov anti-tank rifle (Russian: ПротивоТанковое Ружьё Симонова)[4] is a World War II-era semi-automatic anti-tank rifle firing the 14.5×114mm cartridge.

PTRS-41
PTRS 41.jpg
PTRS
TypeAnti-tank rifle
Place of originSoviet Union, Russian SFSR
Service history
In service1941–Present
Used bySoviet Union, North Korea, China, Sudan, People Republic Of Novorossiya Army
WarsWorld War II
Korean War
Chinese Civil War
Lebanese Civil War
Syrian Civil War[1]
War in Donbas[2]
Russo-Ukrainian War [3]
Production history
DesignerSergei Gavrilovich Simonov
Designed1938-1939
Produced1941-1945
Specifications
Mass20.93 kg (46.1 lb)
Length2,108 mm (6 ft 11.0 in)
Barrel length1,219 mm (48.0 in)

Cartridge14.5×114mm
ActionGas-operated; short stroke gas piston, vertically tilting bolt[4]
Muzzle velocity1,013 m/s (3,320 ft/s)
Effective firing range800 m (870 yd) against armoured vehicles
Maximum firing range1,500 m (1,600 yd) against armoured vehicles
Feed system5-round (in clip) integral magazine

DesignEdit

 
14.5mm anti-tank rifles PTRD-41 and PTRS-41

The PTRS-41 was produced and used by the Soviet Union during World War II. In the years between the World Wars, the Soviet Union began experimenting with different types of armour-piercing anti-tank cartridges. Finding the 12.7×108mm insufficient, they began development of what became the 14.5×114mm armour-piercing round. Rukavishnikov developed his anti-tank rifle M1939 [ru] to use this cartridge, but it was not successful because of some manufacturing issues, a sufficient number of more effective anti-tank guns in the Red Army, and high expectations about new German tank armour.

In 1941, the loss of huge amounts of anti-tank artillery created a need for a stop-gap anti-tank weapon, so famous USSR weapons designers such as Vasily Degtyaryov and Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov were tasked to design anti-tank rifles. Both were considered simpler and more suitable to wartime production than an updated Rukavishnikov rifle. Simonov used elements of a family of his 7.62x54R self-loading rifles and carbines[5] which he continued to develop after his 1938 design lost to SVT-38 to create a scaled-up self-loading rifle.

The five-round magazine is loaded into the receiver and held under pressure by a swing magazine underneath. On firing the last round, the bolt is held open, and the magazine release catch can be operated only when the bolt is locked back. The gas-operated PTRS has a tendency to jam when dirty, and the 14.5 mm cartridge produces significant residue, blocking the gas port. The 14.5 mm armour-piercing bullet has a muzzle velocity of 1013 m/s and devastating ballistics. It can penetrate an armour plate up to 40 mm thick at a distance of 100 meters.[4]

In 1943 Simonov used a scaled-down PTRS-41 design for the SKS, that would accommodate the new 1943-designed 7.62×39mm cartridge.

HistoryEdit

 
PTRS rifle at Great Patriotic War museum in Smolensk

Along with his partner Vasily Degtyaryov, Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov helped the Soviet Union develop new weapons between the First and Second World War. During this time, Degtyaryov went on to create the PTRD-41 while Simonov created and designed its cousin rifle, the PTRS-41 in 1938. As one of Simonov's creations, the PTRS-41 was sometimes known as simply the "Simonov" on the battlefield. Although more advanced, the PTRS was harder to use and less reliable than the cheaper PTRD while yielding similar performance, so the PTRD was used more often.

The semi-automatic anti-tank rifle was used extensively on the Eastern Front in World War II. It was used successfully by Hero of the Soviet Union Sergeant Yakov Pavlov during the Battle of Stalingrad when the NCO led the defence of Pavlov's House in the city. After he mounted rifles on the building's roof. Because the rifles were effective against thin armour at close range, they were able to destroy numerous German Panzers that came into range because they could shoot through the thin armour on their turret-roofs.[6] Guns captured by the Germans were given the designation 14.5 mm PzB 784(r).[7]

The AT gun was used again by Communist-backed forces in the Korean War and Chinese Civil War.

PTRS-41 rifles are still in use by Donbas militiamen in Ukraine, during the Russo-Ukrainian War, due to their ability to penetrate APC armour.[8] The ammunition used is actual World War II vintage.[9] One of the rifles was fitted with a nonorganic muzzle brake from a PTRD.

UsersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Syrian rebels using PTRS 41 anti tank rifle against Syrian National army!, 15 October 2017, archived from the original on 1 December 2017
  2. ^ "PTRS-41 and PTRD-41 rifles in action at the conflict in Ukraine". 13 October 2014.
  3. ^ "| Bank of Russia". www.cbr.ru.
  4. ^ a b c "Modern Firearms, Simonov PTRS". 27 October 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  5. ^ "СКС, который так и не вступил в бой | Оружейный журнал "КАЛАШНИКОВ"". 15 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Pavlov's House". www.stalingrad.net. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  7. ^ Chamberlain, Peter (1974). Anti-tank weapons. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco Pub. Co. p. 57. ISBN 0668036079. OCLC 1299755.
  8. ^ Jenzen-Jones, N.R.; Ferguson, Jonathan (2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine. Armament Research Services Pty. Ltd. p. 43. ISBN 9780992462437.
  9. ^ Бойовики на Донеччині викрали з музею протитанкову зброю Fakty i Kommentarii, 12 May 2014
  10. ^ Jenzen-Jones, N.R.; Ferguson, Jonathan (2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine (PDF). Armament Research Services Pty. Ltd. p. 43. ISBN 9780992462437.

ReferencesEdit

  • Koll, Christian (2009). Soviet Cannon - A Comprehensive Study of Soviet Arms and Ammunition in Calibres 12.7mm to 57mm. Austria: Koll. p. 91. ISBN 978-3-200-01445-9.

External linksEdit