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Yakov Fedotovich Pavlov (Russian: Я́ков Федо́тович Па́влов; 4 October 1917 – 29 September 1981) was a Soviet Red Army soldier who became a Hero of the Soviet Union for his role in defending the eponymous "Pavlov's House" during the Battle of Stalingrad.
Yakov Fedotovich Pavlov
|Born||4 October 1917|
Krestovaya, Russian Republic
|Died||29 September 1981 (aged 63)|
Novgorod, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Years of service||1938–46|
|Unit||13th Guards Rifle Division|
|Battles/wars||Great Patriotic War|
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union|
Order of Lenin
Order of the October Revolution
Orders of the Red Star
Numerous other medals
|Other work||Three-time Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR|
Born in 1917 to a peasant family in the small village of Krestovaya in northwestern Russia (present-day Novgorod Oblast), Pavlov joined the Red Army in 1938. During World War II, he fought on the Southwestern, Stalingrad, 3rd Ukrainian and 2nd Belorussian fronts. Pavlov was a commander of a machine gun unit, an artilleryman, and a commander of a reconnaissance unit with the rank of senior sergeant.
During the Battle of Stalingrad, on the night of September 27, 1942, Pavlov's platoon recaptured a four-story residential building seized by the German Army, and defended it against continual attack by the Germans until relieved by advancing Soviet forces two months later. Vasily Chuikov, commanding general of the Soviet forces in Stalingrad, later joked that the Germans lost more men trying to take Pavlov's House than they did taking Paris.
The building and its defense went down in history as "Pavlov's House" (Дом Павлова). For his actions in Stalingrad, he was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two Orders of the Red Star and numerous other medals.
Post-war, he joined the Communist Party. He was elected three times as Deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
Pavlov died on 29 September 1981, and was buried in Novgorod.
In popular cultureEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pavlov's House.|
- "Павлов Яков Федотович". warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- Chuikov, Vasily. Сражение века (in Russian). Retrieved 2013-05-30.
Эта небольшая группа, обороняя один дом, уничтожила вражеских солдат больше, чем гитлеровцы потеряли при взятии Парижа.
- World History. Т. Х. М., 1965, page. 43
- «European Cultural Benefits» Archived 2009-10-03 at the Wayback Machine in Russian
- Adam, Wilhelm; Ruhle, Otto (2015). With Paulus at Stalingrad. Translated by Tony Le Tissier. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. p. 89. ISBN 9781473833869.