Pōmare III (1820–1827), more properly Teriʻitariʻa Pōmare III, was the king of Tahiti between 1821 and 1827. He was the second son of King Pōmare II and his second wife, Queen Teriʻitoʻoterai Tere-moe-moe. Sources differ on his relation to his sister with missionary sources citing them as half-siblings while later sources cited Tere-moe-moe as both of their mother.
Pōmare III, drawing from montage by Madame Sophia Hoare, 1885.
|King of Tahiti|
|Reign||7 December 1821 – 8 January 1827|
|Coronation||21 April 1824|
Teriʻitariʻa Ariʻipaea Vahine
five principal chiefs of Tahiti
|Born||25 June 1820|
Military Hospital, Papofai
|Died||8 January 1827 (aged 6)|
Pōmare Royal Cemetery, Papaʻoa, ʻArue
|House||House of Pōmare|
He was born at Papofai, on 25 June 1820, as Teriʻitariʻa, and was baptised 10 September 1820. He succeeded to the throne on the death of his father 7 December 1821. He was crowned at Papaʻoa, ʻArue, 21 April 1824.
The British missionaries decided that Pomare should have a coronation, although Tahitian tradition required investment with a sacred girdle and did not involve the use of a crown. The coronation was arranged by the British missionary Henry Nott and involved a procession of Tahitian judges and other dignitaries as well as British missionaries, accompanying the infant king, seated in a covered chair, to a specially-constructed stone platform. Here he sat behind a table carrying a crown, a bible and a book of Tahitian law. Mr Davies, a senior missionary, spoke on his behalf, confirming that he agreed to reign with justice and mercy, according to the law and the word of God. Not then placed the crown on his head.
Pōmare III's education took place at the South Sea Academy, Papetoai, Moʻorea. He died of dysentry on January 1827 and was succeeded by his full sister, ʻAimata Pōmare IV Vahine-o-Punuateraʻitua, who reigned 1827–1877.
|Ancestors of Pōmare III|
- Robert L. Gale (1995). A Herman Melville Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 360–. ISBN 978-0-313-29011-4.
- "Kingdom of Tahiti, House of Pomare". almanachdegotha.org. Almanach de Gotha. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
- Royal Ark
- William Ellis (1829). Polynesian Researches, During a Residence of Nearly Six Years in the South Sea Islands, Including Descriptions of the Natural History and Scenery of the Islands, with Remarks on the History, Mythology, Traditions, Government, Arts, Manners, and Customs of the Inhabitants. Fisher, Son, & Jackson. pp. 535–8.
- C.W. Newbury (15 May 2017). The History of the Tahitian Mission, 1799-1830, Written by John Davies, Missionary to the South Sea Islands: With Supplementary Papers of the Missionaries. Taylor & Francis. pp. 280–. ISBN 978-1-317-02871-0.
| King of Tahiti
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