ownCloud is a suite of client–server software for creating file hosting services and using them. ownCloud is functionally very similar to the widely used Dropbox, with the primary functional difference being that the Server Edition of ownCloud is free and open-source, and thereby allowing anyone to install and operate it without charge on a private server. It also supports extensions that allow it to work like Google Drive, with online document editing, calendar and contact synchronization, and more. Its openness eschews enforced quotas on storage space or the number of connected clients, instead having hard limits (like on storage space or number of users) defined only by the physical capabilities of the server.
Sidebar sharing in ownCloud 8.2 web interface
|Developer(s)||ownCloud GmbH, Community|
10.0.3 / 15 September 2017
|Operating system||Server: Linux
Clients: Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS
|Type||Online storage, data synchronization|
|Licence||AGPLv3 (Server Edition)/proprietary software (Enterprise Edition)|
Frank Karlitschek, a KDE software developer, announced the development of ownCloud in January 2010, in order to provide a free software replacement to proprietary storage service providers. The company was founded in 2011 and forked the code away from KDE to github.
OwnCloud Inc., the company founded by Markus Rex, Holger Dyroff and Karlitschek, has attracted funding from investors, including an injection of 6.3 million US$ in 2014.
In April 2016 Karlitschek left ownCloud Inc. and founded a new Company and Project called Nextcloud in June 2016, resulting in the closure of ownCloud's U.S. operations. Some former ownCloud Inc. developers left ownCloud to form the fork with Kartlitschek.
In July 2016 ownCloud GmbH, based in Nuremberg Germany, secured additional financing, and expanded its management team.
|10.0.3||September 21, 2017||Added extra check in case of missing home storage, Shield and -workflow icons and more|
|9.0||March 8, 2016||Introducing improved scalability (worked on with CERN), federation and collaboration tools including comments and tags|
|8.2||October 20, 2015||Introducing improved Design, new Gallery app, Notifications and file retention control for deletions and versions|
|8.1||July 7, 2015||Introducing improved Documents, Release Channels, Encryption 2.0|
|8.0||February 9, 2015||Introducing Federated Cloud Sharing, improved search and favorites|
|7.0||July 23, 2014||Introducing server-to-server sharing and improved user management|
|6.0||December 11, 2013||Introducing improved design, activity feed, avatars, previews, conflict handling and more|
|5.0||March 14, 2013||Introducing the trash bin and much security, stability and performance work|
|4.5||October 11, 2012||Introducing external storage, syncing contacts/calendar, presentation and video players|
|4.0||May 22, 2012||Introducing file encryption and versioning, LDAP and more|
|3.0||January , 2012||Introducing text editor, introduction of ownCloud apps, PDF viewer and photo gallery|
|2.0||October 11, 2011||Introducing calendar and contact syncing, sharing and a media player|
|1.2||April 21, 2011||Introducing much improved UI and many bugfixes|
|1.1||November 23, 2010||Introducing user management and built in text viewer|
|1.0||June 24, 2010||Release|
|1.0b||March 13, 2010||Beta release|
For desktop machines to synchronize files with their ownCloud server, desktop clients are available for PCs running Windows, macOS, FreeBSD or Linux. Mobile clients exist for iOS and Android devices. Files and other data (such as calendars, contacts or bookmarks) can also be accessed, managed, and uploaded using a web browser without any additional software. Any updates to the file system are pushed to all computers and mobile devices connected to a user's account.
ownCloud files are stored in conventional directory structures, and can be accessed via WebDAV if necessary. User files are encrypted both at rest and during transit. ownCloud can synchronise with local clients running Windows (Windows XP, Vista, 7 and 8), macOS (10.6 or later), or various Linux distributions.
From the administration perspective, ownCloud permits user and group administration (via OpenID or LDAP). Content can be shared by defining granular read/write permissions between users and/or groups. Alternatively, ownCloud users can create public URLs when sharing files. Logging of file-related actions is available in the Enterprise and Education service offerings.
Furthermore, users can interact with the browser-based ODF-format word processor, bookmarking service, URL shortening suite, gallery, RSS feed reader and document viewer tools from within ownCloud. For additional extensibility, ownCloud can be augmented with "one-click" applications and connection to Dropbox, Google Drive and Amazon S3.
ownCloud server and clients may be downloaded from the ownCloud website and from third-party repositories, such as Google Play and Apple iTunes, and repositories maintained by Linux distributions. In 2014, a dispute arose between ownCloud and Ubuntu regarding the latter allegedly neglecting maintenance of packages, resulting in the temporary removal of ownCloud from the Ubuntu repository.
ownCloud has been integrated with the GNOME desktop. Additional projects that use or link to ownCloud include a Raspberry Pi project to create a cloud storage system using the Raspberry Pi's small, low-energy form-factor.
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