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Ouistreham (French pronunciation: ​[wistʁe.am]) is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.

Ouistreham
Commune
Ouistreham locks
Ouistreham locks
Coat of arms of Ouistreham
Coat of arms
Ouistreham is located in France
Ouistreham
Ouistreham
Location within Normandy region
Ouistreham is located in Normandy
Ouistreham
Ouistreham
Coordinates: 49°17′N 0°16′W / 49.28°N 0.26°W / 49.28; -0.26Coordinates: 49°17′N 0°16′W / 49.28°N 0.26°W / 49.28; -0.26
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementCaen
CantonOuistreham
IntercommunalityCU Caen la Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2014-) Romain Bail
Area19.95 km2 (3.84 sq mi)
Population (2008)29,322
 • Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code14488 /14150
Websitehttp://ouistreham-rivabella.fr/
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ouistreham is a small port with fishing boats, leisure craft and a ferry-harbour. It serves as the port of the city of Caen. The town is about the mouth of the Canal de Caen à la Mer.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The name Ouistreham derives from ouistre - 'oyster' and Saxon ham= 'village'. It has been a trading port since the Middle Ages. The harbour is now a part of "Port de Caen-Ouistreham". Since the beginning of the 20th century, it has been a bathing beach on the "Riva Bella".

On 6 June 1944, No. 4 Commando landed at Ouistreham (codenamed Sword) and fought their way to Pegasus Bridge, with the 177 Free French of the No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando given the honour of spearheading the advance.[1] The assault on Ouistreham was featured in the movie The Longest Day, although the film location for Ouistreham was at the nearby village of Port-en-Bessin.

 
German bunker in Ouistreham, fitted with the turret of a Renault FT tank.

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1793854—    
1800796−6.8%
18061,050+31.9%
18211,104+5.1%
18311,162+5.3%
18361,149−1.1%
18411,359+18.3%
18461,194−12.1%
18511,133−5.1%
18561,221+7.8%
18611,259+3.1%
18661,243−1.3%
18721,249+0.5%
18761,196−4.2%
18811,222+2.2%
18861,206−1.3%
18911,194−1.0%
18961,354+13.4%
19011,688+24.7%
19061,523−9.8%
19111,574+3.3%
19212,013+27.9%
19262,220+10.3%
19312,584+16.4%
19362,790+8.0%
19463,527+26.4%
19544,342+23.1%
19624,780+10.1%
19685,223+9.3%
19756,140+17.6%
19826,310+2.8%
19906,709+6.3%
19998,674+29.3%
20089,322+7.5%

TransportationEdit

The port of Ouistreham has a scheduled cross-Channel ferry service to Portsmouth, operated by Brittany Ferries. During 2017, Ouistreham became a new focal point for migrants and refugees trying to cross the Channel, leading the British government to contribute to improved security there.[2][3][4].

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Ouistreham is twinned with:[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dunning, James (2003). The Fighting Fourth - No. 4 Commando at War 1940-45. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 133. ISBN 0-7509-3095-0.
  2. ^ "France town becomes transit point for refugees trying to reach UK". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  3. ^ Paris, Adam Sage (2017-10-07). "Migrant influx risks turning French port of Ouistreham into second Calais". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  4. ^ "Ouistreham, nouvelle étape dans le rêve anglais des migrants". Le Monde.fr (in French). Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  5. ^ a b c d e "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26.
  6. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.