Oromo Democratic Party
The Oromo Democratic Party (ODP) is a political party in Ethiopia, and part of the alliance with the Amhara National Democratic Movement, the South Ethiopian Peoples' Democratic Front and the Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front that forms the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). At the last legislative elections, 15 May 2005, the party was part of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, that won 327 out of 527 seats.
|Chairman||Abiy Ahmed Ali|
|Deputy Chairman||Lemma Megersa|
|Head of Central Committee Office||Addisu Arega Kitessa |
|Headquarters||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
|Youth wing||ODP Youth League|
|National affiliation||Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front|
|Colors||Red, Green and Gold|
|Seats in the House of Peoples' Representatives|
180 / 547
The Oromo Democratic Party, formerly known as the Oromo Peoples' Democratic Organization (OPDO), was created in 1990 after the relations of the existing Oromo Liberation Front with TPLF soured while they were fighting against the Ethiopian Democratic People's Republic. In a recent book authored by Gebru Asrat (ሉዓላዊነትና ዴሞክራሲ በኢትዮጵያ ገብሩ አስራት 2006 ዓ.ም), a veteran TPLF leader who took part in the creation of OPDO said that the TPLF had to resort to its Oromo speaking war captives to recruit members for the organization as Oromos living abroad, including those refugees in the Sudan and the wider Oromo diaspora in North America and Europe rejected TPLF's call to join the organization to be formed anew. Citing the role of elites in articulating political, economic and cultural problems in any society, Mr. Gebru argued in his book that these early members whom were former war captives had neither the capability nor sociopolitical know-how to understand and articulate Oromo problems at the time. At first a weak organization, according to Paul B. Henze, the OPDO attracted defectors from Derg military units and gained supporters when in 1991 the EPRDF occupied parts of the provinces of Wollo and Shewa, both of which had significant Oromo majorities.
In 2001, the OPDO was rocked by a series of corruption scandals, which led to the ouster of then secretary general Kuma Demeksa on charges of corruption, "anti-democratic practices", abuse of power and nepotism. Major-General Abadula Gemeda at the time resigned from his position in the Ethiopian National Defense Force and took control of the entroubled OPDO.
-  Addisu Arega assigned as Head of ODP Secretariat
- About us OPDO
- Ethiopian House of Peoples' Representatives Website Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
- African Elections Database
- Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia (New York: Palgrave, 2000), p. 322.
- "Ethiopian general opts for politics", BBC-Africa, 30 July 2001 (accessed 13 March 2009)
- "The Fourth Conference of O.P.D.O. Kicks off at Adama" (Oromia State Government website, accessed 6 October 2006)
- "The National Electoral Board of Ethiopia Official Result of the Local and By-Elections Held on April 13 and April 20, 2008", Walta Information Center, May 2008 (accessed 17 March 2009)
- "OPDO changes name, logo". Fanabc. Retrieved 20 September 2018.