Oriyo Timbo is an archeological site belonging to Indus Valley civilisation located in Bhavnagar District, Gujarat State, India. The site is measures 4 hectares, located at a distance of 70 km from Rojdi, another Indus Valley site.


The excavation at this site was undertaken by Gujarat State Department of Archeology and University Museum of University of Pennsylvania.

Archaeobotanical investigationsEdit

Evidence of early agricultural activities were found at this site belonging to Harappan period. Oriyo Timbo has undergone extensive archaeobotanical investigations[1] and Seetha Narayana Reddy has found significant agricultural practices at this site. Significant find include Millet (ragi)[2]


An Occupational Stratum containing microlithic tools and ceramics (less in numbers) were found below Lustrous Red Ware occupation(which is important ceramic of Post-Urban Phase of this arae) at this site.[3] Gregory Possehl states that "Oriyo Timbo also produced some radio carbon dates for the micro lithic occupation (Rissman and Chitawala 1990) which indicate that this can be dated to the entire third millennium, possibly extending as far back in time as c.3700 BC." and hunting and gathering people of this area were there at the time when Lothal was occupied.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Reddy, Seetha Narayana (1992). "Archaeobotanical Investigations at Oriyo Timbo". Palēorient Pub. By Pennsylvania University. 18 (2): 173. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  2. ^ M.H. Raval, Gregory L. Possehl, with contributions from Y.M. Chitalwala (1989). Harappan civilization and Rojdi. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Pub. Co. p. 175. ISBN 9788120404045.
  3. ^ a b Gregory L.Possehl., Kathleen D. Morrison& Laura Lee Junker (Ed.); Junker, Laura L. (2002). Forager-traders in South and Southeast Asia : long term histories ([Online-Ausg.] ed.). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Press. pp. 70, 71. ISBN 9780521016360.

External linksEdit

  • Location of Harappan Sites including Oriyo timbo [1]