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Orientale (French: Province orientale) (also Oriental; formerly Haut-Zaïre, then Haut-Congo) is one of the eleven former provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The province lay in the northeast of the country. It bordered Équateur to the west, Kasaï-Oriental province to the southwest, Maniema to the south, and North Kivu to the southeast. It also bordered the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north, and Uganda to the east. The provincial capital is Kisangani.

Orientale Province

Province Orientale
Location of Orientale Province
Country Democratic Republic of the Congo
CapitalKisangani
Area
 • Total503,239 km2 (194,302 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 est.)
 • Total8,197,975
 • Density16/km2 (42/sq mi)
Official languageFrench
National languageSwahili, Lingala
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

The province was divided into the Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele and Tshopo districts and the Ituri Interim Administration. These became provinces in 2015 under the 2006 constitution.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Orientale Province was formed in 1966 from the amalgamation of the regions of Uele, Kibali-Ituri and Haut-Congo. In 2015, the province dissolved into the provinces of Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri and Tshopo.

In 1998 the Orientale villages of Durba and Watsa were the center of an outbreak of Marburg virus disease among gold mine workers.

The Ituri district of Orientale was the scene of the Ituri conflict.

As of 2014, militia groups continue to fight in the province and have reportedly committed many atrocities against the local population, such as forcing women into sex slavery and forcing men to work in mines.[1]

Approximate correspondence between historical and current provinceEdit

Approximate correspondence between historical and current province
Belgian Congo Republic of the Congo Zaire Democratic Republic of the Congo
1908 1919 1932 1947 1963 1966 1971 1988 1997 2015
22 districts 4 provinces 6 provinces 6 provinces 21 provinces + capital 8 provinces + capital 8 provinces + capital 11 provinces 11 provinces 26 provinces
Bas-Uele Orientale Stanleyville Orientale Uele Orientale Haut-Zaïre Orientale Bas-Uele
Haut-Uele Haut-Uele
Ituri Kibali-Ituri Ituri
Stanleyville Haut-Congo Tshopo
Aruwimi
Maniema Costermansville Kivu Maniema Kivu Maniema
Lowa
Kivu Nord-Kivu Nord-Kivu
Kivu-Central Sud-Kivu

Current divisionsEdit

Name District Territory Pop. 2010[2] Coordinates[2]
Aketi Bas-Uele District Aketi Territory 40,507 2°44′N 23°47′E / 2.74°N 23.78°E / 2.74; 23.78 (Aketi)
Ango Bas-Uele District Ango Territory 8,381 4°02′N 25°52′E / 4.03°N 25.87°E / 4.03; 25.87 (Ango)
Aru Ituri Interim Administration Aru Territory 29,801 2°52′N 30°51′E / 2.87°N 30.85°E / 2.87; 30.85 (Aru)
Bafwasende Tshopo District Bafwasende Territory 14,504 1°05′N 27°16′E / 1.08°N 27.27°E / 1.08; 27.27 (Bafwasende)
Bambesa Bas-Uele District Bambesa Territory 14,959 3°28′N 25°43′E / 3.47°N 25.72°E / 3.47; 25.72 (Bambesa)
Basoko Tshopo District Basoko Territory 50,352 1°14′N 23°35′E / 1.24°N 23.59°E / 1.24; 23.59 (Basoko)
Bondo Bas-Uele District Bondo Territory 18,118 3°49′N 23°40′E / 3.81°N 23.67°E / 3.81; 23.67 (Bondo)
Bunia Ituri Interim Administration Irumu Territory 327,837 1°34′N 30°14′E / 1.56°N 30.24°E / 1.56; 30.24 (Bunia)
Buta Bas-Uele District Buta Territory 53,401 2°49′N 24°44′E / 2.82°N 24.74°E / 2.82; 24.74 (Buta)
Djugu Ituri Interim Administration Djugu Territory 27,112 1°55′N 30°30′E / 1.92°N 30.50°E / 1.92; 30.50 (Djugu)
Dungu Haut-Uele District Dungu Territory 26,894 3°37′N 28°34′E / 3.62°N 28.57°E / 3.62; 28.57 (Dungu)
Irumu Ituri Interim Administration Irumu Territory 10,387 1°27′N 29°52′E / 1.45°N 29.87°E / 1.45; 29.87 (Irumu)
Isiro Haut-Uele District Rangu Territory 174,551 2°46′N 27°37′E / 2.76°N 27.62°E / 2.76; 27.62 (Isiro)
Kisangani Tshopo District n/a 868,672 0°32′N 25°11′E / 0.53°N 25.19°E / 0.53; 25.19 (Kisangani)
Kituku Ituri Interim Administration Irumu Territory 43,460 1°06′N 29°58′E / 1.10°N 29.97°E / 1.10; 29.97 (Kituku)
Mahagi Ituri Interim Administration Mahagi Territory 18,743 2°18′N 30°59′E / 2.30°N 30.98°E / 2.30; 30.98 (Mahagi)
Mongbwalu Ituri Interim Administration Djugu Territory 29,672 1°57′N 30°02′E / 1.95°N 30.03°E / 1.95; 30.03 (Mongbwalu)
Niangara Haut-Uele District Niangara Territory 13,504 3°42′N 27°52′E / 3.70°N 27.87°E / 3.70; 27.87 (Niangara)
Opala Tshopo District Opala Territory 15,569 1°17′N 27°16′E / 1.28°N 27.27°E / 1.28; 27.27 (Opala)
Poko Bas-Uele District Poko Territory 10,873 3°09′N 26°53′E / 3.15°N 26.88°E / 3.15; 26.88 (Poko)
Ubundu Tshopo District Ubundu Territory 13,332 0°21′S 25°29′E / 0.35°S 25.48°E / -0.35; 25.48 (Ubundu)
Wamba Haut-Uele District Wamba Territory 17,651 2°08′N 27°59′E / 2.14°N 27.99°E / 2.14; 27.99 (Wamba)
Watsa Haut-Uele District Watsa Territory 31,978 3°02′N 29°32′E / 3.04°N 29.53°E / 3.04; 29.53 (Watsa)
Yahuma Tshopo District Yahuma Territory 4,857 1°05′N 23°13′E / 1.08°N 23.22°E / 1.08; 23.22 (Yahuma)
Yangambi Tshopo District Isangi Territory 40,932 0°46′N 24°26′E / 0.77°N 24.43°E / 0.77; 24.43 (Yangambi)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sexual slavery rife in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  2. ^ a b "Haut-Congo: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-10.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit