Kasaï-Oriental (French for "East Kasai") is one of the 21 new provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo created in the 2015 repartitioning. Kasaï-Oriental, Lomami, and Sankuru provinces are the result of the dismemberment of the former Kasaï-Oriental province. Kasaï-Oriental was formed from the Tshilenge district and the independently administered city of Mbuji-Mayi which retained its status as a provincial capital.
|Province du Kasaï Oriental|
|• Governor||Jean Maweja Muteba|
|• Vice-governor||Jeannette Longa Musuamba|
|• Total||9,545 km2 (3,685 sq mi)|
|• Density||330/km2 (850/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (CAT)|
|License Plate Code||CGO / 09|
Kasai-Oriental is inhabited by members of the Luba tribe.
Congo obtained independence from Belgium in 1960. Friction with Congo's other ethnic groups and encouragement by Belgian corporations hoping to keep their mining concessions led to the secession of the province of South Kasai as a separate state headed by Albert Kalonji.
After being repulsed, the Congo occupied the province in September 1961. Several thousand people were killed during the "pacification" of South Kasai, which lasted through the spring of 1962.
The population of Mbuji-Mayi grew rapidly with the immigration of Luba people from other parts of the country.
The region in which Mbuji-Mayi is situated annually produces one-tenth in weight of the world's industrial diamonds, with mining managed by the Société Minière de Bakwanga. This is the largest accumulation of diamonds in the world, more concentrated than those at Kimberley, South Africa. Mbuji-Mayi handles most of the industrial diamonds produced in the Congo.
The province consists of the following five territories:
French is the official language. Tshiluba is one of the four national languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Tshiluba is spoken by about 6.3 million people in the Kasai-Oriental, Kasai-Occidental and Kasaï-Central provinces.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kasaï-Oriental.|
- "Congo (Kinshasa) provinces". Rulers. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Luamba, Johnny (7 June 2019). "Vice-gouverneur : Jeannette Longa veut réussir le pari du développement au Kasaï Oriental". La Prospérité. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- "RDC : le Kasaï-Oriental éclate en trois nouvelles provinces". Radio Okapi (in French). 16 July 2015. Archived from the original on 18 July 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2020.