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Oradour-sur-Glane (commune)

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Oradour-sur-Glane (Occitan: Orador de Glana) is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France, and the name of main village within the commune.

Oradour-sur-Glane
Commune
The new village of Oradour-sur-Glane
The new village of Oradour-sur-Glane
Coat of arms of Oradour-sur-Glane
Coat of arms
Oradour-sur-Glane is located in France
Oradour-sur-Glane
Oradour-sur-Glane
Coordinates: 45°55′58″N 1°01′57″E / 45.9328°N 1.03250°E / 45.9328; 1.03250Coordinates: 45°55′58″N 1°01′57″E / 45.9328°N 1.03250°E / 45.9328; 1.03250
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Haute-Vienne
Arrondissement Rochechouart
Canton Saint-Junien
Intercommunality Vienne Glane
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Raymond Frugier
Area1 38.16 km2 (14.73 sq mi)
Population (2007)2 2,205
 • Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 87110 /87520
Elevation 227–312 m (745–1,024 ft)
(avg. 285 m or 935 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The original village was destroyed on 10 June 1944, when 642 of its inhabitants, including women and children, were massacred by a Nazi German Waffen-SS company. A new village was built after the war on a nearby site, but on the orders of the then French president, Charles de Gaulle, the original has been maintained as a permanent memorial. The Centre de la mémoire d'Oradour museum is beside the historic site.

Personalities linked to the communeEdit

  • Denise Bardet (June 10, 1920 – June 10, 1944): teacher and author of the Cahiers de Jeunesse by Denise Bardet.
  • René Regaudie (1908–2000), a French politician, was at the work of conservation and reconstruction of Oradour-sur-Glane.
  • Albert Chaminade (1912–2009), resistant, player of CSP Limoges, and basketball leader, politician, he lost a cousin to the massacre of Oradour.
  • Robert Hébras, born on June 29, 1925 in Oradour-sur-Glane, is one of the six survivors of the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre on June 10, 1944, which became a symbol in postwar France National atrocities.
  • Camille Senon, born June 5, 1925 in Oradour-sur-Glane, is a French trade unionist.
  • Jean-Claude Peyronnet, (1940–), French politician, creator of the Center of the memory of Oradour-sur-Glane.
  • Sébastien Puygrenier, begins football at US Oradour-sur-Glane where his father and his uncles played
  • Didier Barbelivien, French singer-songwriter, pays tribute to Oradour by his song Les amants d'Oradour.

GeographyEdit

The municipality borders with Javerdat, Cieux, Peyrilhac, Veyrac, Saint-Victurnien and Saint-Brice-sur-Vienne.

DemographicsEdit

Population over time[1]
1806 1820 1876 1901 1911 1921 1936 1946 1954
1,222 1,585 1,903 1,966 2,019 1,789 1,574 1,145 1,450
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2012
1,540 1,671 1,759 1,941 1,998 2,024 2,118 2,222 2,375


GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. "Population of Oradour-sur-Glane from 1806 to 2008" (PDF). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 

BibliographyEdit

  • Farmer, Sarah. Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. University of California Press, 2000.
  • Fouché, Jean-Jacques. Massacre At Oradour: France, 1944; Coming To Grips With Terror, Northern Illinois University Press, 2004.
  • INSEE
  • Penaud, Guy. La "Das Reich" 2e SS Panzer Division (Parcours de la division en France, 560 pp), Éditions de La Lauze/Périgueux. ISBN 2-912032-76-8

External linksEdit

  Media related to Oradour-sur-Glane at Wikimedia Commons