Olov Svebilius

Olaus (Olov) Svebilius (1 January 1624 – 29 June 1700) was a Swedish priest and professor. He was Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping and Archbishop of Uppsala. His most notable work was Martin Luthers Lilla katekes med Katekesförklaring, a Swedish language translation and explanation of Luther's Small Catechism.[1][2][3]

The Most Reverend

Olov Svebilius

DTh
Archbishop of Uppsala
Primate of Sweden
Olov Svebilius Archbishop of Uppsala.png
ChurchChurch of Sweden
ArchdioceseUppsala
Appointed1681
In office1681–1700
PredecessorJohan Baazius the younger
SuccessorErik Benzelius the elder
Orders
Ordination1658
Consecration8 December 1678
by Johan Baazius the younger
RankMetropolitan Archbishop
Personal details
Born(1624-01-01)1 January 1624
Died29 June 1700(1700-06-29) (aged 76)
Uppsala, Sweden
NationalitySwedish
DenominationLutheran
ParentsJöran Eriksson (1589–1669)
Ingeborg Larsdotter (1596–1672)
SpouseElisabeth Gyllenadler
(1639–1680)
Previous post(s)Bishop of Linköping (1678–1681)
Alma materUppsala University

BiographyEdit

He was born in Ljungby parish in Kalmar, Sweden. He was the son of Jöran Ericsson Swebilius (1589–1669) and Ingeborg Larsdotter (1596–1672). His father served as crown commander (Kronobefallningsman) at Södra Möre, now part of Kalmar municipality. The surname Svebilius was derived from his grandfather's farm Sveby in Sillerud parish (Sveby gård i Sillerud) in Värmland.[3][4]

He studied at University of Uppsala in 1638, two years later he enrolled in Königsberg University, and thereafter moved back to Uppsala earning his Master of Philosophy in 1649. He subsequently conducted study trips to Strasbourg and Paris where he studied law. Appointed associate professor in Kalmar in 1652, he became rector and associate professor of philosophy in 1656, ordained priest in 1658, became associate professor of theology that same year and vicar of Ljungby in Kalmar diocese in 1663. He subsequently transferred to a theology professorship at Lund University. [5][3][6]

He was appointed court chaplain in 1668, in 1670 was entrusted with the teachings theology to future King Charles XI of Sweden (1655–1697) and in 1671 became Pastor primarius at Storkyrkan church in Stockholm. After his coronation in 1675, King Charles declared it obligatory for all commoners to learn to read Luther's Small Catechism as translated by Olov Svebilius. In 1678, Svebilius became Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping and in 1681 Archbishop of Uppsala. He was the Speaker of the Clergy in the Riksdag between 1682 and 1697.[7][3]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1658, he married Elisabeth Gyllenadler (1639–1680), daughter of Samuel Enander (1607–1670) who was Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping (1655–1670).[8]

His children were ennobled Adlerberg and introduced at the House of Nobility. A branch of the family were elevated to counts by the Czar of Russia and thus part of the Russian nobility.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Svebilius, Olof". Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Doktor Martin Luthers Lilla Katekes: jämte kort förklaring framställd genom frågor och svar". Bokus AB. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Olaus (Olof) Swebilius". riksarkivet.se. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Värmland Sillerud socken". historiska.se. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Svebelius, Olof". Salmonsens konversationsleksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  6. ^ Nina ingbom. "Olof Swebilius". Historiesajten. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Olov Svebilius". NE Nationalencyklopedin AB. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  8. ^ Gabriel Anrep. "Samuel Enander (nobil Gyllenadler) 1607–1670". Svenska adelns ättar-taflor. Retrieved April 1, 2020.

External linksEdit