Oedipina complex, commonly known as the Gamboa worm salamander, is a species of lungless salamander found in western South America from Costa Rica to western Colombia and north-western Ecuador.[2] This species inhabits humid tropical lowland forest where it can be found on the ground, and on bushy vegetation, logs and rocks. It can also be found on forest edges, but it does not survive in degraded areas. Deforestation is a threat to this species.[1]

Oedipina complex
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Oedipina
O. complex
Binomial name
Oedipina complex
(Dunn, 1924)
  • Oedipus complex Dunn, 1924

Oedipina complex is a small salamander, measuring 4.5 cm (1.8 in) in snout–vent length and 12 cm (4.7 in) in total length. When disturbed, they may play dead in order to confuse potential predators.[3]


  1. ^ a b Castro, F.; Renjifo, J.; Solís, F.; Ibáñez, R. & Wake, D. (2008). "Oedipina complex". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T59310A11912139. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59310A11912139.en.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Oedipina complex (Dunn, 1924)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Oedipina complex". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.

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