Odorrana (commonly known as the odorous frog) is a genus of true frogs (Ranidae) from East Asia and surrounding regions. Many of these frogs inhabit fast-flowing mountain streams, and they typically have a remarkably pointed snout, as evidenced by common names like tip-nosed frog and scientific names like nasica or nasutus ("with a nose").

Odorrana hosii.JPG
Hose's Frog (Odorrana hosii)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Odorrana
Fei, Ye & Huang 1990
Type species
Rana margaretae
Liu, 1950

More than 50, see text


Eburana Dubois, 1992
Wurana P.P.Li, Y.Y.Lu & S.Q.Lü, 2006

Systematics and taxonomyEdit

Odorrana has a confusing taxonomic and systematic history. Most species placed here were initially placed in Rana. Some were considered to belong in Amolops and Huia instead, and yet again others were separated as Eburana. The most extreme proposal was to merge Odorrana into Huia.[1]

In the early 21st century, molecular phylogenetic studies established that the systematic confusion was due to widespread convergent evolution between Amolops, Huia and Odorrana, which actually represent quite distinct lineages of Raninae. This necessitated some taxonomic changes, especially affecting Huia. It was also found that Odorrana is a rather close relative of Rana (which includes Lithobates nowadays) – possibly the most closely related living lineage. And while it is not completely certain that Odorrana is in fact a distinct genus, the available evidence points towards this being so.[1]

Initial studies have revealed what seems to be several clades of Odorrana, which are sometimes considered subgenera. But few species have had their DNA sequence data sampled, and that the convergent evolution is liable to obscure relationships if assessed by morphology alone:[1]


In addition, the Phu Luang Cliff Frog (presently Huia aureola) might belong in Odorrana too.


  1. ^ a b c Cai et al. (2007), Stuart (2008)
  2. ^ Liu, Xiaolong; He, Yanhong; Wang, Yufan; Beukema, Wouter; Hou, Shaobin; Li, Yingcun; Che, Jing; Yuan, Zhiyong (2021-01-14). "A new frog species of the genus Odorrana (Anura: Ranidae) from Yunnan, China". Zootaxa. 4908 (2): 263–275. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4908.2.7. ISSN 1175-5334. PMID 33756625. S2CID 232338717.


  • Cai, Hong-xia; Che, Jing, Pang, Jun-feng; Zhao, Er-mi & Zhang, Ya-ping (2007): Paraphyly of Chinese Amolops (Anura, Ranidae) and phylogenetic position of the rare Chinese frog, Amolops tormotus. Zootaxa 1531: 49–55. PDF fulltext
  • Stuart, Bryan L. (2008): The phylogenetic problem of Huia (Amphibia: Ranidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 46(1): 49-60. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.09.016 PDF fulltext[permanent dead link]