October 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

October 27 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - October 29

All fixed commemorations below are observed on November 10 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For October 28th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 15.



  • Martyrs Terence and Neonilla, of Syria, and their children (249):[1][3][4]
  • Sarbelus, Photus, Theodulus, Hierax, Nitus, Bele, and Eunice

Pre-Schism Western saintsEdit

Post-Schism Orthodox saintsEdit

New martyrs and confessorsEdit

  • New Hieromartyr John Vilensky, Priest of Yaroslavl-Rostov (1918)[32][33][35]
  • New Hieromartyr Michael Lektorsky, Archpriest of Kuban (1921)[1][32][35]

Other commemorationsEdit

  • Synaxis of the Shrine of Panagia Eleftherotria ("Our Lady of Deliverance") of Athens, Greece.[36][note 14]
  • Synaxis of the Church of Panagia Eleftherotria ("Our Lady of Deliverance") of Didymoteicho, Greece.[37]
  • Synaxis of the Icon of Panagia Ponolytrias of Serres, Greece.[38]
  • Repose of Elder Epiphanius (Theodoropoulos) of Athens (1989)[1]

Icon galleryEdit


  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Because of the many miracles of the Holy Virgin which were reported by Greek soldiers during the Greco-Italian War of 1940-1941, the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece decided in 1952 to commemorate the feast day of The Protection of the Mother of God on October 28th, rather than on the traditional date of October 1. Thus, the feast of the Protection of the Mother of God was made to coincide on October 28th with Ohi Day in Greece — ((in Greek) «'Οχι»), the Anniversary of the "No" — which is celebrated throughout Greece, Cyprus and in Greek communities around the world in commemoration of the rejection by Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas of the ultimatum made by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on October 28, 1940. (See also: Greco-Italian War and the Battle of Greece).
  3. ^ "Commemorated in the Menology of Basil as a man of Jerusalem, who discovered the true cross, and showed it to Helena, and was thereby converted, and became Patriarch of Jerusalem; and was martyred along with his mother by Julian the Apostate, his right hand being first cut off because his writings had made so many converts. He is unknown to history."[10]
  4. ^ He followed the monastic life and became Bishop of Ephesus after 533. He is identified with the homonym "Abba", quoted by John Moschos (PG 87, 2956), of the Monasteries of Avraamiton (Constantinople) and of Byzantion (Jerusalem). Two homilies that are attributed to him have survived - "for the Annunciation" and "for the Ypapantin" - which were published in 1913 by M. Kraschaninnikov and M. Jugie, and are of great importance for patristic studies.
  5. ^ The former was bound with chains in Valerian's persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.
  6. ^ They were both famed for their almsgiving and generosity. She was martyred under the Emperor Claudius II.
  7. ^ "At Rome, in the reign of Claudius, St. Cyrilla, virgin, daughter of St. Tryphonia, who was pierced through the throat for the faith of Christ."[21]
  8. ^ Born in Vercelli in Italy, he was trained in the monastic life by St Eusebius. He accompanied his master into exile in Scythopolis and in his wanderings through Cappadocia, Egypt and Illyria. In 396 he was chosen bishop of Vercelli on the recommendation of St Ambrose, whom he anointed on his deathbed.
  9. ^ A soldier in Mainz in Germany, he asked to be discharged rather than take part in idolatry. He was thrown into prison where he died of ill-treatment and hunger.
  10. ^ Abbot of Iona, he was descended from a brother of St Columba. A copy of St Adamnan's Life of the latter, written by St Dorbhene, still exists.
  11. ^ His feast is kept together with that of four other Abbots of the same monastery.
  12. ^ "EADSIN, who is also called EDSIUS and EDSIGE, was chaplain to the Danish King Harold, and was consecrated Bishop of Winchester. On the death of Ethelnoth, he was promoted to the Metropolitan See of Canterbury, where he was held in great veneration for his piety and his services in the cause of religion. When the Danish line closed with the death of Hardicanute, Eadsin laboured much and successfully for the restoration of the English succession, and had the consolation of crowning with his own hands St. Edward the Confessor in Winchester Cathedral. The holy man, in consequence of failing health, resigned his archbishopric some years before his death, and gave up his soul to God, with the reputation of great sanctity, in the year of Christ 1050, on the 28th October."[22]
  13. ^ The uncovering of St Job’s relics took place on August 28, 1659. There was a second uncovering of the relics on August 27–28, 1833.
  14. ^ The Shrine of Panagia Eleftherotria ("Our Lady of Deliverance") is located in the Kifisia district of Athens, in the Metropolis of Kifissia, Amaroussion and Oropos (formerly the Metropolis of Attica). She is the Patron Saint of Athens (Gr.: Παναγία Ελευθερώτρια (Πολιούχος της Αθήνας)). Note, there is another different icon of the Theotokos "the Deliverer", which is commemorated on April 4.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u October 28/November 10. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Μνήμη Ἁγίας Σκέπης τῆς Ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Τερέντιος καὶ Νεονίλλη καὶ τὰ τέκνα αὐτῶν. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Martyr Terence with his wife and children. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. ^ Greatmartyr Parasceva of Iconium. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Φιρμιλιανὸς καὶ Μελχίων. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κυριακὸς ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἄννα μητέρα τοῦ Ἁγίου Κυριακοῦ. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Hieromartyr Cyriacus the Patriarch of Jerusalem. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ Edward Bickersteth Birks (Esq., M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge; son of Thomas Rawson Birks). "CYRIACUS (6)". In: Willian Smith and Henry Wace. A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines. Volume 1: A-D. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1877. Page 757.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Διομήδης. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀβράμιος Ἐπίσκοπος Ἐφέσου. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Φεβρωνία. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Στέφανος ὁ Σαββαΐτης. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Venerable Stephen the Hymnographer of St Sabbas Monastery. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  16. ^ Venerable John the Chozebite. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  17. ^ Martyr Neophytus of Urbin, Georgia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Τερέντιος, Ἀφρικανός, Μάξιμος, Πομπηΐος, Φωκᾶς καὶ ἄλλοι 36 Ἀφρικανοὶ Μάρτυρες. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ Martyr Terence and 39 ohers of Carthage. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m October 28. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  21. ^ a b c d e The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p. 332.
  22. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 516-517.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀρσένιος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Σερβίας. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Repose of St Arsenius the Archbishop of Serbia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  25. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀθανάσιος ὁ Α’ Πατριάρχης Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. ^ Venerable Athanasius the Younger the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  27. ^ Repose of the Venerable Job, Abbot and Wonderworker of Pochaev. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  28. ^ St Demetrius (Dimitri), Metropolitan of Rostov. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  29. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἀγγελῆς, Μανουῆλ, Γεώργιος καὶ Νικόλαος οἱ Νεομάρτυρες ἐκ Μελάμπων Κρήτης. 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόφιλος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας ὁ δία Χριστὸν σαλός, ἐκ τῆς Λαύρας τῶν Σπηλαίων Κιέβου (Ρῶσος). 28 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  31. ^ St Arsenius of Cappadocia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  32. ^ a b c November 10 / October 28. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  33. ^ a b (in Russian) 28 октября (ст.ст.) 10 ноября 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  34. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀρσένιος ὁ Καππαδόκης. 10 Νοεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  35. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.80.
  36. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξη της Παναγίας Ελευθερώτριας στην Αθήνα. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής. 28/10/2023.
  37. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξη της Παναγίας Ελευθερώτριας στo Διδυμότειχο. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής. 28/10/2023.
  38. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξη της Παναγίας Πονολύτριας στις Σέρρες. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής. 28/10/2023.


Greek Sources

Russian Sources