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October 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

October 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - October 19

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 31 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For October 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 5.



Pre-Schism Western SaintsEdit

Post-Schism Orthodox SaintsEdit

New Martys and ConfessorsEdit

  • New Hieromartyrs Andrey Voskresensky,[34][note 17] Sergius Bazhanov, Nicholas Sokolov and Sergius Gusev, Priests (1937)[4][10]
  • Virgin-martyr Elizabeth Krymova (1937)[4][10][35]

Other commemorationsEdit

Icon galleryEdit


  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Luke, Lucas, Loukas (Λουκᾶς).
  3. ^ "THE birthday of blessed Luke, evangelist, who, after having suffered much for the name of Christ, died in Bithynia, filled with the Holy Ghost. His relics were taken to Constantinople, and thence conveyed to Padua."[7]
  4. ^ Cyriacus of Jerusalem's listing in the "Dictionary of Christian Biography" (1877) matches the account in the "Great Synaxaristes" very closely:
    • "Commemorated in the Menologium of Basil II as a man of Jerusalem, who discovered the True Cross, and showed it to Helena, and was thereby converted, and became Patriarch of Jerusalem; and was martyred along with his mother by Julian the Apostate, his right hand being first cut off because his writings had made so many converts. He is unknown to history."[13]
    Not to be confused with:
  5. ^ "In Mesopotamia, on the bank of the Euphrates, St. Julian, hermit."[7]
  6. ^ These details are according to the Acolouthia of these Saints, published in Venice in 1706 AD, and in Athens in 1840 AD and in 1911 AD.
  7. ^ "In the diocese of Beauvais, St. Justus, martyr, who, being but a boy, was put to death in the persecution of Diocletian, under the governor Rictiovarus."[7]
  8. ^ "At Rome, St. Tryphonia, at one time wife of the Caesar Decius. She was buried in a crypt, near St. Hippolytus."[7]
  9. ^ "The Acts say that Decius the Emperor and Valerian the Prefect, when condemning SS. Laurence and Hippolytus, were possessed with devils. Valerian gave a great howl, and died on the spot; but Decius lingered on three days. This so moved Tryphonia, his wife, that she was baptized along with her daughter Cyrilla, and died next day. The Roman Martyrology does not insert the whole of this nonsense, but confines itself to this statement: "At Rome, S. Tryphonia, wife of Decius Caesar, who was buried in the crypt of S. Hippolytus." The wife of Decius, however, was Herennia Cupressenia Etruscilla. The relics of this saint were translated by Pope Paul I.[23]
  10. ^ Sister of St Nonna and aunt of St David of Wales. She is also said to have been the mother of Sts Cyby and Cadfan.
  11. ^ St Brothen is the patron-saint of Llanfrothen in Wales. Dolwyddelan and Llanwyddelan are named after St Gwendolen.
  12. ^ ["Memorial of Anc. British Piety, or a British Martyrology," London, 1761, gives on this day, "In Wales the festival of S. Gwendoline, abbess, in whose honour several churches have been dedicated. Also, the memory of S. Brothen, venerated in the parish of Llanfrothen, in the county of Merioneth." Sir Harris Nicolas, in his "Chronology of History," gives them on Oct. 15.]
    • "Of these saints nothing is known. Dr. Rees gives the day of S. Gwyddelan as August 22. Two churches are dedicated to her, Llanwyddelan, in Montgomeryshire, and Dolwyddelan, in Carnarvonshire. And Dr. Rees also gives October 15 th as the festival of S. Brothen, founder of Llanfrothen."[24]
  13. ^ Born in Scotland, he lived as a hermit in the Ardennes. He was murdered by evildoers in Nassogne in Belgium.
  14. ^ "This eminent man, greatly commended for his ecclesiastical spirit and holy life, was the attendant deacon of St. Paulinus, Archbishop of York. When the Saint was obliged to return to Kent, in company with Queen Ethelburga, JAMES was left behind with the Northumbrian neophytes. He remained faithfully at his post throughout the troublous times which followed, and was able to teach and baptise many new converts. So great was the veneration in which his memory was held, that the place of his usual residence was called by his name. He was a steady observer of the disciplinary usages, which he had brought from Kent, and a skilful teacher of the Roman Church chant. James had the consolation of living to witness the restoration of Christianity in his adopted country, and was spared for many years for the service of God and the advantage of the faithful."[26]
  15. ^ ["Memorial of British Piety," 1761, on this day. Not mentioned, however, in any other Martyrology, and probably arbitrarily introduced into that one.]
    • "S. James was the brave Italian deacon who remained at York after S. Paulinus had deserted the scene of his labours. He kept together a little band of Christians at York through the stormy days of invasion by Penda and the Mercians. King Edwin had been slain in the battle of Hatfield, October 11th, 633; his eldest son fell with him; the younger, taken prisoner by Penda, who swore to preserve his life, was infamously murdered. Northumbria was ravaged with fire and sword, and its recent Christianity completely obliterated, except for the little remnant which clustered round the gallant deacon at York. Paulinus had fled, taking the widow of King Edwin, the gentle Ethelburga, to her brother, the King of Kent. James lived to see Northumbria submitting to Oswald, who brought Aidan from Iona to reconvert the country to Christ."[27]
  16. ^ See: (in Russian) Вознесенская Давидова пустынь. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  17. ^ See: (in Russian) Воскресенский, Андрей Владимирович. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j October 18/31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Λουκᾶς ὁ Εὐαγγελιστής. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ a b c d e f (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 18 Οκτωβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g (in Russian) 18 октября по старому стилю / 31 октября по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2016 год.
  5. ^ Apostle and Evangelist Luke. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  6. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. LUKE, EVAN. (1ST CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 467-470.
  7. ^ a b c d The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 321-322.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μνάσων ὁ Μάρτυρας Ἐπίσκοπος Κύπρου. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ a b c (in Greek) 18/10/2017. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k October 31 / October 18. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Τὰ Ἅγια 40 Παιδιὰ. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κυριάκος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ Edward Bickersteth Birks (Esq., M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge; son of Thomas Rawson Birks). "CYRIACUS (6)". In: Willian Smith and Henry Wace. A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines. Volume 1: A-D. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1877. Page 757.
  14. ^ Ὁ Ὅσιος Κυριακὸς ὁ Ἀναχωρητὴς. 29 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μαρῖνος ὁ Γέρων. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. ^ Martyr Marinus the Elder at Anazarbus. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰουλιανὸς ὁ ἐν τῷ Εὐφράτῃ ποταμῷ. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ Venerable Julian the Hermit of Mesopotamia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. JULIAN SABAS, I. (ABOUT A.D. 378)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 473-476.
  20. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Συμεών, Θεόδωρος καὶ Εὐφροσύνη οἱ Θαυματουργοί. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. ^ a b c d e f October 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  22. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. JUSTUS, BOY, M. (A.D. 287)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 471-473.
  23. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. TRYPHONIA, W.M. (3RD CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 471.
  24. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. BROTHEN AND GWENDOLINE. (7TH CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 476.
  25. ^ St. James the Deacon. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 502-503.
  27. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. JAMES, DEAC. (ABOUT A.D. 640.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 476-477.
  28. ^ St. David of Serpukhov. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  29. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Γαβριὴλ καὶ Κυρμιδώλης οἱ Νεομάρτυρες οἱ ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ. 18 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. ^ a b (in Russian) 31 октября (18 октября). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia -
  31. ^ St. Peter of Cetinje. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  32. ^ (in Greek) Άγιος Ισίδωρος και τα τέκνα αυτού Γεώργιος και Ειρήνη. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  33. ^ Holy New Martyrs Isidore and his Two Children, Newly Revealed in 1953. Mystagogy. October 24, 2016. Retrieved 6 March, 2017.
  34. ^ (in Russian) АНДРЕЙ. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia -
  35. ^ (in Russian) ЕЛИСАВЕТА. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia -
  36. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξη της Παναγίας της Μαχαιριώτισσας. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  37. ^ The Monastery of Panagia of Machairas in Cyprus. Mystagogy. November 21, 2011. Retrieved 6 March, 2017.
  38. ^ Venerable Joseph the Igumen and Wonderworker of Volokolamsk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.


Greek Sources

Russian Sources