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OTO Melara was a subsidiary of the Italian company Finmeccanica, today Leonardo, active in the defence sector, with factories in Brescia and La Spezia. The Mod 56 pack howitzer, in service throughout the world, and the 76mm naval gun, adopted by 53 navies and installed on over 1,000 naval vessels, are among OTO Melara's best-known weapons since World War II.
|Defunct||31 December 2015 (merged into Leonardo)|
Number of locations
|Products||Land, naval and air defence systems|
From 1 January 2016, the activities of OTO Melara merged into Leonardo's Defence Systems Division, within the Electronics, Defence and Security Systems Sector.
Pre–World War IEdit
It was founded in 1905 as a joint venture of Vickers and Terni Steelworks, Cantiere navale fratelli Orlando and Cantieri navali Odero. Investment was also provided by Giuseppe Orlando and Attilio Odero. During World War I, Vickers Terni produced many weapons with calibre 40 mm and upwards. In 1929 the company was renamed Odero Terni Orlando with the abbreviation OTO. During World War II, mostly heavy guns for battleships were produced.
Post–World War IIEdit
In 1953 the company took the name OTO Melara.
Before Italy joined NATO, OTO Melara produced civil products, like tractors and looms, but quickly returned to the production of weapons. On 1 December 2001, the naval artillery division of OTO Melara merged with that of Breda Meccanica Bresciana to form Otobreda. The combined entity produces the DARDO CIWS, Otobreda 76 mm and Otobreda 127/54 Compact naval guns. OTO Melara's land defence operations are part of the Leonardo conglomerate.
Vehicles manufactured include:
- Ariete Main Battle Tank
- OF-40 Main Battle Tank
- Centauro Wheeled Tank Destroyer
- Dardo Infantry Fighting Vehicle
- VBM Freccia 8×8 Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle
- Puma 6×6 and Puma 4×4 Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier
- Palmaria self-propelled artillery
- Otomatic anti-aircraft tank (SPAAG)
Weapons manufactured includes:
- OTO Melara Mod 56 105/L14 Pack Howitzer
- HITFACT three-man turret armed with a 120mm/45 calibre or 105mm/52 calibre gun
- Hitfist two-man turret armed with a 25 or 30mm automatic cannon and 7.62mm coaxial machine gun (plus two TOW launchers as option)
- Hitfist OWS Remotely operated turret armed with a 25 or 30mm automatic cannon and 7.62mm coaxial machine gun (plus two TOW launchers as option)
- Hitrole Remote Weapon Station for 7.62mm or 12.7mm machine gun or 40 automatic grenade launcher
- Small calibre naval turrets 12,7 LIONFISH
- Otobreda 127/54 Compact naval gun
- Otobreda 127/64 Lightweight naval gun
- 76/62mm Allargato
- Otobreda 76 mm naval gun
- Otomat Anti-ship missile
- Skyguard "Aspide" Anti-Air missile system
- SIDAM 25 anti-aircraft gun
- DARDO CIWS a twin 40mm naval gun mounting
- MSS 1.2 Anti tank guided missile
Ammunition manufactured include:
- Vulcano 76/127/155mm
The naval defence operations produce a wide range of automatic naval artillery, rocket and missile launchers and remote controlled small calibre defence cannons.
- "Finmeccanica meeting approves new name, 'Leonardo'". Ansa News.
- "Finmeccanica: Mauro Moretti launches 'One Company'". Finmeccanica. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- "Leonardo presenta Lionfish®, la nuova famiglia di torrette per la difesa navale". www.leonardocompany.com (in Italian). Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- "Leonardo presenta Lionfish, la nuova famiglia di torrette per la difesa navale". Difesa Online (in Italian). 23 October 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- "MSS 1.2". Military Today. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
- Leonardo official website
- "EUR 80M to OTO Melara for F125 Frigate Gun Systems". defenseindustrydaily.com. Retrieved 21 October 2007.