Numata, Gunma

Numata (沼田市, Numata-shi) is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2020, the city had an estimated population of 46,908 in 20,589 households[1], and a population density of 110 persons per km². The total area of the city is 443.46 square kilometres (171.22 sq mi), making it the largest city in terms of area within Gunma Prefecture. (The neighboring town of Minakami is the largest municipality in terms of area within Gunma.)

Numata

沼田市
Numata city hall (Terrace Numata)
Numata city hall (Terrace Numata)
Flag of Numata
Flag
Official logo of Numata
Emblem
Location of Numata in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Numata in Gunma Prefecture
Numata is located in Japan
Numata
Numata
 
Coordinates: 36°38′45.7″N 139°2′39″E / 36.646028°N 139.04417°E / 36.646028; 139.04417Coordinates: 36°38′45.7″N 139°2′39″E / 36.646028°N 139.04417°E / 36.646028; 139.04417
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureGunma
Area
 • Total443.46 km2 (171.22 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2020)
 • Total46,908
 • Density110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeSakura
- FlowerChinese bellflower
Phone number0278-23-2111
AddressShimono-machi 999 , Numata-shi, Gunma-ken 378-8501
WebsiteOfficial website
View of Numata, 2014

GeographyEdit

Numata is located in northern Gunma Prefecture. The Tone River flows through the western part of the city and the tributary, the Katashina River, flows through the southern end, forming a large river terrace. The downtown area is located at the top of the terrace, along the Tone River.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Gunma Prefecture

Tochigi Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Numata has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Numata is 12.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1522 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.1 °C.[2]

Climate data for Numata (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
19.0
(66.2)
24.9
(76.8)
28.5
(83.3)
33.5
(92.3)
36.2
(97.2)
37.4
(99.3)
37.1
(98.8)
35.8
(96.4)
31.0
(87.8)
23.0
(73.4)
20.7
(69.3)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
9.5
(49.1)
16.4
(61.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.6
(76.3)
28.3
(82.9)
29.9
(85.8)
25.0
(77.0)
19.0
(66.2)
13.4
(56.1)
8.0
(46.4)
17.2
(63.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
0.3
(32.5)
3.9
(39.0)
10.2
(50.4)
15.4
(59.7)
19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
24.3
(75.7)
19.9
(67.8)
13.5
(56.3)
7.5
(45.5)
2.4
(36.3)
11.6
(52.9)
Average low °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.3
(39.7)
9.6
(49.3)
14.7
(58.5)
18.9
(66.0)
20.0
(68.0)
15.9
(60.6)
8.9
(48.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
6.9
(44.4)
Record low °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−14.0
(6.8)
−12.5
(9.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
0.0
(32.0)
3.7
(38.7)
10.8
(51.4)
12.9
(55.2)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.2
(28.0)
−8.7
(16.3)
−11.1
(12.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.5
(1.48)
46.7
(1.84)
65.6
(2.58)
68.3
(2.69)
93.4
(3.68)
130.7
(5.15)
167.6
(6.60)
165.0
(6.50)
169.5
(6.67)
96.8
(3.81)
47.2
(1.86)
36.7
(1.44)
1,124.9
(44.29)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167.3 166.7 192.0 201.8 200.7 160.3 170.6 196.7 142.4 157.2 167.6 170.1 2,093.4
Source 1: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]
Source 2: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[5] the population of Numata declined slightly over the past 30 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 37,674—    
1930 52,906+40.4%
1940 86,086+62.7%
1950 95,533+11.0%
1960 56,346−41.0%
1970 54,311−3.6%
1980 56,828+4.6%
1990 56,099−1.3%
2000 55,278−1.5%
2010 51,310−7.2%

HistoryEdit

Numata developed during the Sengoku period as a castle town surrounding Numata Castle, a stronghold in Kōzuke Province contested by the Uesugi, Takeda, Later Hōjō and Sanada clans. During the Edo period, the area of present-day Numata was the center of the Numata Domain, a 35,000 koku feudal domain held by then Toki clan under the Tokugawa shogunate.

Numata Town was created within Tone District, Gunma Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration. On March 1, 1954, Numata merged with neighboring Tonami, Ikeda, Usune and Kawada villages, and was raised to city status. On February 13 2005 the villages of Shirasawa and Tone were incorporated into Numata. [6]

GovernmentEdit

Numata has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Numata contributes one member to the Gunma Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Gunma 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Numata is a regional commercial center and transportation hub, but was traditionally known for lumber production.

EducationEdit

Numata has 12 public elementary schools and nine public middle schools operated by the city government, and four public high schools operated by the Gunma Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates a special education school for the handicapped.

Elementary schoolsEdit

Middle schoolsEdit

High schoolsEdit

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

 
Numata Castle bell tower

Sister-city relationsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Numata City official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Numata climate data
  3. ^ "沼田 1981-2010年". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  4. ^ "沼田 観測史上1~10位の値". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  5. ^ Numata population statistics
  6. ^ "The Outline of City Numata". Archived from the original on 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2006-12-22.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Numata, Gunma at Wikimedia Commons