Nowy Staw

Nowy Staw [ˈnɔvɨ ˈstaf] (German: Neuteich; Kashubian: Nytëch) is a small town in northern Poland on the Święta river in the Żuławy region, with 3 896 inhabitants (2004). Situated in Malbork County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, it was previously assigned to Elbląg Voivodeship (1975–1998). City rights were applied in 1345. The name of the town means New Pond.

Nowy Staw
Mennonite house
Mennonite house
Coat of arms of Nowy Staw
Coat of arms
Nowy Staw is located in Poland
Nowy Staw
Nowy Staw
Coordinates: 54°8′8″N 19°0′48″E / 54.13556°N 19.01333°E / 54.13556; 19.01333
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPomeranian
CountyMalbork
GminaNowy Staw
Established14th century
Town rights1343
Government
 • MayorJerzy Szałach
Area
 • Total4.65 km2 (1.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total4,447
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
82-230
Area code(s)+48 55
Car platesGMB
Websitehttp://nowystaw.pl/

HistoryEdit

In 1409 the Teutonic knights started producing black gunpowder in the town, and a few decades later in the middle of the fifteenth century merchants from nearby Danzig (Gdańsk) erected an Oil mill. From 1466 on it was part of the Polish Malbork Voivodeship. During the various Polish–Swedish wars the town was occupied and plundered several times. During the eighteenth century a new district, the "New town" grew up between the existing settlement and the Tuja river. Since that time urban development has taken place in a southerly direction along the right bank of the river.

ArchitectureEdit

Main town buildings:

  • Saint Matthew Collegiate church (year 1450)
  • Old town market square

Notable residentsEdit

  • Julius Dickert (1816-1896) a teacher and a Progressive member of the national Reichstag between 1871 and 1878
  • Walter Reek (1878–1933), mayor of Neuteich (1925-1933)
  • Erna Beilhardt (1907–1946) an SS-Aufseherin at several concentration camps and a member of the German Red Cross during the last year of WWII
  • Elisabeth Becker (1923–1946), SS concentration camp guard executed for war crimes
  • Tadeusz Cymański (born 1955) a Polish conservative politician.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 54°08′N 19°00′E / 54.133°N 19.000°E / 54.133; 19.000